Seed germination and seedling growth of rice varieties as affected by flooding stress

DOI: 10.18805/ijare.v50i3.10748    | Article Id: A-4467 | Page : 268-272
Citation :- Seed germination and seedling growth of rice varietiesas affected by flooding stress .Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2016.(50):268-272

M. Prakash*,  B. Sunilkumar, G. Sathiya Narayanan, J. Gokulakrishnan and R. Anandan

geeth_prakash@yahoo.co.in
Address :

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai-608 002, Annamalai University, India.

Submitted Date : 8-07-2015
Accepted Date : 21-04-2016

Abstract

Submergence tolerance is an important character to be considered when flash flood damages rice. Tolerant genotypes can withstand submergence for 1–2 weeks based on their tolerance level. Hence with a view to study the effect of submergence on germination and seedling attributes, eight cultivated varieties were subjected to submergence tolerance at five levels of flooding viz., 1 cm, 2 cm, 3 cm, 4 cm and 5 cm flooding levels. CR 1009 sub 1, a submergence tolerant variety was used as check. With increase in submergence levels, greater reduction was observed for all the parameters. Survival % and seedling length were found to be decreased under flooded conditions, but to a much lower extent in the tolerant genotype. Flooding decreased shoot, root and total dry matter production in all the varieties with more reduction in higher flooding (5 cm) rather than lower flooding (1cm) levels.

Keywords

Rice Flooding Germination Seedling characters.

References

  1. Ali, M. A., Abbas, A, Awan, S. I, Jabran, K. and Gardezi, S. D. A. (2011). Correlated response of various morpho-    physiological characters with grain yield in sorghum land races at different growth phases. The J. Anim. Plant Sci. 21: 671-679. 
  2. Bange, M. P., Milroy, S. P. and Thongbai, P. (2004). Growth and yield of cotton in response to waterlogging. Field Crops Res. 88: 129-142.
  3. Bartels, D. and Sunkar, R. (2005).Drought and salt tolerance in plants. Critical Reviews in Plant Science. 24: 23-58.
  4. Boru, G. and Boersma, L. (2003). Expression and Inheritance of tolerance to water logging stress in maize. Euphytica. 117: 91-98.
  5. Bridget (2013). The effects of flooding and drought stress on the growth of maize (Zea mays, Linn) seedlings. Journal of Biological and Food Science Research. 2: 30-32.
  6. Dennis, E S., Dolferus, R. Ellis, Rahman, M., Wu, Y. Hoeren, F.U. Grover, A. Ismond, K.P. Good, A.G. and Peacock, W.J. (2000). Molecular strategies for improving waterlogging tolerance in plants. J. Exp. Bot. 51: 89-97.
  7. Drew, MC. (2000). Soil aeration and plant root metabolism. Soil Sci. 154: 259-268.
  8. Ella, ES. Kawano, N, Yamauchi Y, Tanaka, K. and Ismail, AM. (2003). Blocking ethylene perception during submergence reduced chlorophyll degradation and improved seedling survival in rice. Functional Plant Biology. 30:813–819.
  9. Ellis, JR. (1998). Flood syndrome and vesicular abuscular mycorrhizal fungi. J Prod Agric. 11: 200-204.
  10. Gibbs, J. and Greenway, H. (2003). Mechanisms of anoxia tolerance in plants. I. Growth, survival and anaerobic catabolism. Functional Plant Biology. 30:1-47.
  11. Gibbs, A. and Gainers, R. (2003). The effect of water logging on nitrogen fixation on Trifilium repens (L.). J Experimental Bot. 6: 284-290.
  12. Ismail Abdelbagi M, Evangelina S Ella, Georgina V Vergara, and David J Mackill. (2009). Mechanisms associated with tolerance to flooding during germination and early seedling growth in rice (Oryza sativa). Ann Bot. 103: 197–209.
  13. Jackson, MB. and Ram, PC. (2003). Physiological and molecular basis of susceptibility and tolerance of rice plants to complete submergence. Annals of Botany. 91:227–241.
  14. Mahajan, S. and Tuteja, N. (2005). Cold, salinity and drought stresses: an overview. Arachive of Biochemistry and Biophysics. 444: 139-58.
  15. Maksudul Haque Md., Ratna Rani Majumder, Tapas Kumer Hore and Romel Biswash, Md. (2015).Yield contributing characters effect of submerged water levels of boro Rice (Oryza sativa L.). Sci. Agri. 9: 23-29.
  16. Onuegbu, BA. (1997). Screening for flooding tolerance of some ornamental plants. Nig J Crop, Soil Forestry. 3: 29-35.
  17. Onwuegbuta-Enyi, JA. (2004). Water balance and proximate composition in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) L. (Walps). Seedlings exposed to Drought and Flooding stress. J Appl Sci Environ Mgt. 8: 55-57.
  18. Pierdomenico Perata and Laurentius ACJ Voesenek. (2007). Submergence tolerance in rice requires Sub1A, an ethylene-    response-factor-like gene. Trends in Plant Science. 12(2):43-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.tplants.2006.12.005.
  19. Rajendran, R. A., Muthiah, A. R., Manickam, A., Shanmugasundaram, P. and John Joel, A. (2011). Indices of drought tolerance in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) genotypes at early stages of plant growth. Res. J. Agric. & Biol. Sci. 7: 42-46. 
  20. Setter, T.L., Ella, E.S. and Valdez, A.P. (1994). Relationship between coleoptile elongation and alcoholic fermentation in rice exposed to anoxia. II. Cultivar differences. Annals of Botany. 74:273–279.
  21. Vartepetian, B.B. (2003). Flooding and Plant Growth. Annals Bot. 91:107-109.
  22. Vincent Ezin, Robert De La Pena and Adam Ahanchede. (2010). Flooding tolerance of tomato genotypes during vegetative and reproductive stages. Braz. J. Plant Physiol. 22 (2). http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1677-04202010000200007.
  23. Yamauchi, M., Aguilar, A.M., Vaughan, D.A. and Seshu, D.V. (1993). Rice (Oryza sativa L.) germplasm suitable for direct sowing under flooded soil surface. Euphytica. 67:177–183.
     

Global Footprints