Loading...

Identification of potential  genotypes of fenugreek in rainfed vertisols for yield and diosgenin content 

DOI: 10.18805/ijare.v0iOF.8603    | Article Id: A-4455 | Page : 311-317
Citation :- Identification of potential genotypes of fenugreek in rainfed vertisolsfor yield and diosgenin content .Indian Journal of Agricultural Research.2016.(50):311-317

K Giridhar*, S. Surya Kumari, A. Rajani1, C. Sarada1 and L. Naram Naidu2

gkalidasu@yahoo.com
Address :

AICRP on Spices, Horticultural Research Station, Dr. Y.S.R. Horticultural University, Lam, Guntur - 522 034, Andhra Pradesh, India

Submitted Date : 9-06-2015
Accepted Date : 23-12-2015

Abstract

The present study was undertaken for three years (2009-12) to evaluate thirteen promising genotypes from India for both yield and diosgenin content. Maximum yield was recorded in genotype LFC-103 (584.1 kg ha-1) followed by HM-348 (542.8 kg ha-1). The diosgenin content in the studied genotypes varied significantly, similar observations were recorded with the diosgenin productivity. Local cultivar recorded significantly highest diosgenin content (0.92 %). The highest diosgenin productivity was recorded with UM-364 (3.97 kg ha-1) followed by NDM-119 (3.91 kg ha-1). The superiority of these genotypes can be attributed to their wide adaptability and robust growth under rainfed conditions. 
 

Keywords

Crop improvement Diosgenin Fenugreek.

References

  1. Acharya, S., Srichamroen, A., Basu, S., Ooraikul, B. and Basu, T. (2006). Improvement in the nutraceutical properties of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol. 28 (Suppl. 1): 1-9.
  2. Acharya, S.N., Basu, S.K. Acharya, K., Paul, S., Datta Banik, S. and Prasad, R. (2011). Fenugreek: A spice, forage and nutraceutical crop. In De. A. K. (edited) Spices: The elixir of life. Originals, New Delhi, India. Chapter 7. pp. 129-150.
  3. Acharya, S.N., Thomas, J.E., and Basu, S.K. (2008). Fenugreek, an alternative crop for semiarid regions of North America. Crop Sci. 48: 841-853.
  4. Ahmed, M.A., Hussein, M.S. and El-Sherebeny, S. (1989). Yield analysis of fenugreek plants. African Journals of Agricultural Sciences, 16:163-171.
  5. Andrews, P., Hough, L. and Jones, J.K.N. (1952). Mannose-containing polysaccharides. Part II. The galactomannan of fenugreek seed (Trigonella foenum-graecum). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 74: 2744-2750.
  6. Antony, A. and Gopinathan, K.P. (1975). Biosynthesis of trigonelline in root callus cultures of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). Indian Journal of Experimental Biology.
  7. Banafar, R.N.S. (2000). Study of the analytical growth parameters and productivity of different genotypes of methi (TrigoneilaTrigonella foenumgraecum L.). Gujarat Agric. Univ. Res. J. 25: 24-26.
  8. Basu, A., Basu, S. K., Kumar, A., Sharma, M., Chalghoumi, R., Hedi, A., Francisco, S.S., Morufat, O.B., Elsayed, E.H. and Cetzal-Ix, W. (2014). Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-Ggraecum L.), A potential new crop For Latin America. American Journal of Social Issues and Humanities. 4: 145-162. 
  9. Basu, S.K., Acharya, S.N. and Thomas, J.E. (2008). Genetic improvement of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) through EMS induced mutation breeding for higher seed yield under western Canada prairie conditions. Euphytica. 160: 249-258.
  10. Basu, S.K., Acharya, S.N., Bandara, M.S., Friebel, D. and Thomas, J.E. (2009) Effects of genotype and environment on seed and forage yield in fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) grown in western Canada. Australian J. Crop Sci. Southern Cross Journals. 3: 305 – 14.
  11. Brummer, Y., Cui, W. and Wang, Q. (2003). Extraction, purification and physicochemical characterization of fenugreek gum. Food Hydrocolloids. 17: 229–236. 
  12. Chandra, K., Sastry, E.V.D. and Singh, D. (2000). Genetic variation and character association of seed yield and its component characters in fenugreek. Agril. Sci. Digest. 20: 72-74.
  13. Cornish, M.A., Hardman, R. and Sadler, R.M. (1983). Hybridisation for genetic improvement in the yield of diosgenin for fenugreek seeds. Planta Medica. 48: 149-152.
  14. Cropstat. (2009). Cropstat 7.2 for windows tutorial manual. Crop Research Informatics Laboratory. International Rice Research Institute. pp. 379.
  15. Datta, S. and Chatterjee, R. (2014). Performance of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) genotypes under new alluvial zone of West Bengal. Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops. 13: 132-134.
  16. Fazli, F.R.Y. and Hardman, R. (1968). The spice fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). Its commercial varieties of seed as a source of diosgenin. Trop. Sci. 10:66-78.
  17. Fikreselassie, M., Zeleke, H. and Alemayehu, N. (2012). Genetic variability of Ethiopian fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-    graecum L.) landraces. Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science. 4: 39-48.
  18. Fowden, L., Pratt, H.M. and Smith A. (1973). 4-Hydroxyisoleucine from seed of Trigonella foenum-graecum. Phytochemistry. 12:1701-1707.
  19. Fuller, S. and Stephens, J. M. (2015). Diosgenin, 4-Hydroxyisoleucine, and Fiber from Fenugreek: Mechanisms of Actions and Potential Effects on Metabolic Syndrome. Advances in Nutrition: An International Review Journal. 6: 189-197.
  20. Garti, N., Madar, Z., Aserin, A. and Sternheim, B. (1997). Fenugreek galactomannans as food emulsifiers. LWT-Food Science and Technology. 30: 305-311.
  21. Giridhar, K. and Sarada, C. (2009). Growth and yield of promising methi genotypes suitable for Andhra Pradesh. Annals of Plant Physiology. 23: 258-259.
  22. Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. John Wiley & Sons; New York.
  23. Indian Horticulture Database, (2014). Indian Horticulture Database - 2013. National Horticulture Board, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. 302 pp.
  24. Kamal, R., Yadav, R., & Sharma, G. L. (1987). Diosgenin content in fenugreek collected from different geographical regions of south India. Short communication. Indian J Agric Sci. 57: 674. 
  25. Lee, E.L. (2006). Genotype x Environment impact on selected bioactive compound content of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecun L.). M. Sc. Thesis, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada.
  26. Lim, T.K. (2012). Trigonella foenum-graecum. In: Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants. Springer. pp. 906-924.
  27. Kakani, R. K., Saxena, S. N., Meena, S. S. and Chandra, P. (2014). Stability analysis for yield and yield attributes in fenugreek under water limiting conditions (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). International J. Seed Spices. 4: 47-52.
  28. Kumar, M., Prasad, M. and Arya, R.K. (2013). Grain yield and quality improvement in fenugreek: A review. Forage Researech, 39:1-9
  29. Malhotra, S.K. (2012). Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). In: Genetic Resources, Chromosome Engineering, and Crop Improvement Medicinal Plants, Volume 6 (Ed. Ram J. Singh). CRC Press. Taylor & Francis Group, New York. pp. 801 -846.
  30. Malik, T. P. and Tehlan, S. K. (2009). Performance of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) genotypes for growth and seed yield. Annals of Horticulture. 2 : 237-239.
  31. McCormick, K.M., Norton, R.M. and Eagles H.A. (2009). Phenotypic variation within a fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-    graecum L.) germplasm collection. II. Cultivar selection based on traits associated with seed yield. Genet. Resour. Crop Evol. 56:651–661.
  32. Oncina, R., Botýa, J. M., Del Rýo, J. A. and Ortuño, A. (2000). Bioproduction of diosgenin in callus cultures of Trigonella foenum-graecum L. Food Chemistry. 70: 489-492.
  33. Patahk, A. R., Patel, A. I., Joshi, H. K. and Patel, D. A. (2014). Genetic Divergence in Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-    graecum L.) Germplasm. Trends in Biosciences. 7: 295-297.
  34. Petropoulos, G.A. (2002). Fenugreek - The genus Trigonella. Taylor and Francis, London and New York. pp. 255. 
  35. Prasad, R., Acharya, S., Erickson, S. and Thomas, J. (2014). Identification of Cercospora leaf spot resistance among fenugreek accessions and characterization of the pathogen. Australian Journal of Crop Science. 8:822-830.
  36. Puri H.S., Jefferies T.M. and Hardman R. (1976). Diosgenin and yamogenin levels in some Indian plant samples. Planta Medica 30:118-121.
  37. Pushpa, T. N., Chandregowda, M., Srikantaprasad, D. and Gowda, A. P. M. 2012. Evaluation of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) genotypes for growth and seed yield. Crop Research (Hisar). 43: 238-244.
  38. Rao, N.H.P. (2001). Performance of fenugreek genotypes under Krishna-Godavari agro-climatic condition of Andhra Pradesh. Spice India. 14: 10-11.
  39. Sastry, E. V.D. and Anandaraj, M. (2013). Cumin, Fennel and Fenugreek.Soils, plant growth and crop production. In: Soils, Plant Growth and Corp Production (Vols. 1-3) (Ed. Willy H. Verheye). Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS).
  40. Sharma G.L. and Kamal R. (1982) Diosgenin content from seeds of Trigonella foenumgraecum L. collected from various geographical regions. Indian Journal of Botany. 5:58-59.
  41. Sharma, K.C. and Sastry, E.V.D. (2008). Path analysis for seed yield and its component characters in fenugreek (Trigonella foenumgraecum L.). Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops. 17: 69-74.
  42. Singh, B, Singh, G, Pandey V. (2012). Evaluation of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) germplasm for growth and seed yield. New Agriculturist. 23: 103-105. 
  43. Singh, K.P., Nair, B., Jain, P.K., Naidu. A.K. and Paroha, S. (2013). Variability in the nutraceutical properties of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) seeds. Revista Colombiana De Ciencias Hortícolas, 7: 228-239.
  44. Sinskaya, E.N. (1950). Flora of cultivated plants of the USSR. Part XIII perennial leguminous plants. Part I Medicago, Sweetclover, Fenugreek. Israel Program for Scientific Publications, Leningrad.
  45. Taylor W.G., Zaman M.S., Mir Z., Mir P.S., Acharya S.N., Mears G.J. and Elder J.L. (1997). Analysis of steroidal sapogenins from AC Amber fenugreek (Trigonella foenumgraecum) by capillary gas chromatography and combined gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 45:753-759. 
  46. Taylor W.G., Zulyniak H.J., Richards K.W., Acharya S.N., Bittman S. and Elder J.L. (2002). Variation in diosgenin levels among 10 accessions of fenugreek seeds produced in western Canada. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 50:5994-5997. 
  47. Thomas J.E., Basu S.K. and Acharya S.N. (2006) Identification of Trigonella accessions which lack antimicrobial activity and are suitable for forage development. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 86:727-732. 
  48. Wessa, P. (2015). Free Statistics Software, Office for Research Development and Education, Version 1.1.23-r7, URL
  49. http://www.wessa.net/.
     

Global Footprints