Response of Citronella Grass on Several Phosphate Levels Application at Andosol

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-443    | Article Id: A-443 | Page : 355-360
Citation :- Response of Citronella Grass on Several Phosphate Levels Application at Andosol.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2020.(54):355-360
Gusmaini, M. Syakir gusmaini672@gmail.com
Address : Indonesian Spices and Medicinal Crops Research Institute, Bogor West Java Indonesia.
Submitted Date : 15-05-2019
Accepted Date : 11-02-2020

Abstract

Currently, the cultivation of citronella grass (Cymbopogon nardus L.) is widely developed in highland areas dominated by Andosol soil. Andosol possesses low phosphorous availability, strongly bound to Al and Fe. This research was aimed to examine the effect of P fertilizer on C. nardus L. at Andosol. The research was conducted from June 2014 to August 2015. Phosphate fertilization stimulated plant growth, yield and oil quality of citronella grass on Andosol. The most suitable Phosphorus dosage at 1.08 g plant-1 (10.8 kg ha-1) produced high total fresh herb yield and oil quality of citronella grass. Total fresh herb yield increased 21.2% (3.4 kg plant-1 year-1) compared to control. Whereas citronella content, oil content and oil yield were 35.2%, 1.64% and 1.27 % respectively. The phosphate residue in Andosol can be potentially utilized for the next planting season. 

Keywords

Andosol Citronella Cymbopogon nardus L Phosphate Yield

References

  1. Chairunnisa, C. and Hanum, H. (2013). The role of some silicates (Si) and phosphate (P) fertilizers on improving soil chemical properties of Andosol and plant growth. Jurnal Agroekoteknologi. 1(3): 732-743.
  2. Christine, V.H., Kristen, D. and Firestone, M.K. (2007). Root interactions with soil microbial communitites and processes. In: The Rhizosphere. [Cardon Z and Whitbeck J (eds)]. Elsevier: New York.
  3. Debnath, S., Pachauri, S.P. and Srivastava, P.C. (2015). Improving use efficiency of applied phosphorus fertilizer by zinc fertilization in Basmati rice-wheat cropping system. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 49: 414-420.
  4. Fei,L., Zhao, M., Chen, X. and Shi, Y. (2011). Effects of phosphorus accumulation in soil with the utilization ages of the vegetable greenhouses in the suburb of Shenyang. Procedia Environmental Sciences. 8: 16–20.
  5. Ganjewala, D. (2009). Cymbopogon essential oils/ : Chemical compositions and bioactivities. International Journal of Essential Oil Therapeutics. 3: 56–65. 
  6. Gusmaini, Sandra, A.A., Didy, S., Munif, A. and Nurliani, B. (2016). Utilizing endophytic bacteria and phosphate for growth and yield of Andrographis paniculata. Jurnal Littri. 22 (3): 151–157.
  7. Hanaa, M.A.R., Sallam, Y.I., El-Leithy, A.S. and Safaa, E.A. (2012). Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) essential oil as affected by drying methods. Annals of Agricultural Sciences. 57(2): 113–116. 
  8. Johnson, S.R., Lange, I., Srividya, N. and Lange, B.M. (2017). Bioenergetics of monoterpenoid essential oil biosynthesis in non-photosynthetic glandular trichomes. Plant Physiology. 175: 681–695.
  9. Kamboj, N.K., Batra, V.K., Navjot, S.B., Rana M.K. and Tanuj. (2017). Effect of various plant density at different levels of phosphorous and potash on growth and seed yield of onion (Allium cepa L.) cv. Hisar-2. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 51: 514-517.
  10. Mudjiharjati, A., Setiawati, T.C., Pandutama, M.H. (2012). Improving phosphate efficiency by phosphate solubilizing bacteria and organic matter estimated by radio isotop (32P) technique in some soils. Journal of Tropical Soils. 17(3): 245–252.
  11. Murthy, K.M.D., Rao, A.U., Vijay, D. and Sridhar, T.V. (2015). Effect of levels of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium on performance of rice. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 49: 83-87.
  12. Nakahara, K., Alzoreky, N.S., Yoshihashi, T., Nguyen, H.T.T. and Trakoontivakorn, G. (2013). Chemical composition and antifungal activity of essential oil from Cymbopogon nardus (citronella grass). Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly: Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences. 37(4): 249-252.
  13. Nation Science Foundation Grant. (1999). Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Series: Citronella (Cymbopogon nardus). [Purnima Jayasinha, Dilman Warnasuiya, H.D. (ed.)] 8th edition. Information Services Centre Industrial Technology Institute, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
  14. Nuryani, S.H.U., Notohadiningrat, T., Sutanto, R. and Radjagukguk, B. (2006). Absorb factor and phosphate release at Andosol and Latosol. Soil Science of Gadjah Mada University. 6(4B):1–11.
  15. Rehman, R., Hanif, M.A., Mushtaq, Z. and Al-Sadi, A.M. (2016). Biosynthesis of essential oils in aromatic plants: A review. Food Reviews International. 32(2): 117–160. 
  16. Sharifi-Rad, J., Sureda, A., Tenore, G.C., Daglia, M., Valussi, M., Tundis, R., Sharifi-Rad, et al. (2017). Biological activities of essential oils: From plant chemoecology to traditional healing systems. Molecules. 22(1): 2-55.
  17. SNI. (1995). Lemongrass Oil. National Standardization Agency of Indonesia. 14p.
  18. Sugito, T. and Shinano, T. (2013). Estimating phosphorus availability in Andosol using soil biomass phosphorus as an indicator. JARQ. 47(4): 347-351.
  19. Sukarman and Dariah. (2014). Andosol in Indonesia. Indonesian Center for Agricultural Land Resources Research and Development. Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Devvelopment. Ministry of Agriculture. 156p.
  20. Utami, S.R., Kurniawan, S., Situmorang, B. and Rositasari, N.D. (2012). Increasing P-availability and P-uptake using sugarcane filter cake and rice husk ash to improve chinesse cabbage (Brassica Sp) growth in Andisol, East Java. Journal of Agricultural Science. 4(10): 153–160. 
  21. Van Wijk, M.T., Gough, L., Hobbie, S.E., Shaver, G.R. and Williams, M. (2003). Luxury consumption of soil nutrients: a possible competitive strategy in above-ground and below-ground biomass allocation and root morphology for slow-growing arctic vegetation. Journal of Ecology. 91: 664-676.
  22. Walworth, J.I. (2006). Sampling and Analysis. The University of Arizona College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Tucson, Arizona. 5p.
  23. Wei, L.S. and Wee, W. (2013). Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Cymbopogon nardus citronella essential oil against systemic bacteria of aquatic animals. Iranian Journal of Microbiology. 5(2): 147–152.
  24. Yesil, M. and Kara, K. (2016). The effects of different nitrogen and phosphorus doses on essentialoil components of some Mentha genotypes. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. 40: 882–893.

Global Footprints