Assessment of some seedling traits associated with drought tolerance in Triticum and Aegilops species of wheat

DOI: 10.18805/ijare.v49i6.6689    | Article Id: A-4428 | Page : 571-573
Citation :- Assessment of some seedling traits associated with drought tolerance in Triticum and Aegilops species of wheat .Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2015.(49):571-573

Ashok Kumar*, R S Bal and Mandeep Singh

ashokpbg@yahoo.com
Address :

PAU, Regional Research Station, 
Gurdaspur-143 521, India.

Submitted Date : 16-04-2015
Accepted Date : 12-06-2015

Abstract

Wheat is the most important widely cultivated crops in the world. Its yield is greatly influenced by both biotic and abiotic stresses. Therefore, an evaluation of different species belonging to Triticum and Aegilops species for seedling traits was attempted. All the traits i.e.  root length, shoot length and coleoptile length showed high heritability in broad sense and root length showed significantly positive correlation with coleoptile length under both moisture non- stress (E1) and moisture stress (E2)  environments. All the traits showed a decreasing trend under moisture stress conditions in all the species and the reduction for all the traits were more pronounced in wild species than the cultivated species.

Keywords

Correlation Seedlings Species Stress Wheat.

References

  1. Ashraf, M.Y., Khan, A.H. and Azmi, A.R. (1992). Cell membrane stability and its relation with some physiological processes in wheat. Acta Agron. Hung., 41:183-191. 
  2. Blum, A., Sinmena, B. and Ziv, O. (1980). An evaluation of seed and seedling drought tolerance screening tests in wheat. Euphytica, 29 : 727-736.
  3. Blum. (2009). Effective use of water (EUW) and not water use efficiency is the target of crop yield improvement under drought stress. Field Crop. Res., 112 : 119-123.
  4. Briggle, L.W. and Curtis, B.C. (1987). Wheat world wide. In : wheat and wheat improvement, Heyene EG (ed),pp1-32, ASA, CSSA, SSSA, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  5. Budak, H., Kantar, M., Yucebilgili,s K.K. (2013). Drought tolerance in modern and Wild Wheat. The Sci. World J., 548246: 1–16.
  6. Cao, H.X., Sun C.X., Shao, H.B., Lei, X.T. (2011). Effects of low temperature and drought on the physiological and growth changes in oil palm seedlings. African J. Biotech., 10 : 2630-2637.
  7. Gregory , P.J., Tennant, D. and Belford, R.K. (1992). Root and shoot growth and water and light use efficiency of barley and wheat crop grown on a shallow duplex soil in a Mediterranean-type environment. Australian J. Agril. Res., 43 : 555-573.
  8. Hakizimana, F., Haley, S.D., Turnipseed, E.B. (2000). Repeatability and genotype x environment interaction of coleoptiles length measurements in winter wheat. Crop Sci., 40 : 1233-1237.
  9. ICARDA. (1987). Cereal improvement program annual report. Aleppo, Syria.
  10. Lopes, M.S. and Reynolds, M.P. (2010). Partitioning of assimilates to deeper roots in associated with cooler canopies and increased yield under drought in wheat. Funct. Pl. Biol., 37 : 147-156.
  11. Lopez-Castaneda, C. and Richards, R.A. (1994). Variation in temperate cereals in rainfed environments. Grain yield, biomass and agronomic characteristics. Field Crop Res, 37: 51-62.
  12. Mujeeb, K.A., Delgado, R., Cortes, A., Cano, S., Rosas. V., Sanchez. J. (2004). Contribution of synthetic hexploids towards wheat improvement. Ann. Wheat News., 50: 79-88.
  13. Palta, J.A., Chen, W., Milroy, S.P., Rebetzke, G.J., Drescer, M.F., Watt, M. (2011). Large root systems : are they useful in adapting wheat to dry environments ? Funct. Pl. Biol., 38 : 347-354. 
  14. Villareal, R.L., Banuelos, O.T., Rajaram S., Mujeeb K.A. (2003). Backcross derived synthetic bread wheats under drought stress. Ann., Wheat News., 49 : 65-66. 

Global Footprints