Nutrient uptake of hybrid okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench] under drip fertigation

DOI: 10.18805/ijare.v0iOF.9427    | Article Id: A-4418 | Page : 226-231
Citation :- Nutrient uptake of hybrid okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench]under drip fertigation .Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2016.(50):226-231

E. Venkadeswaran*1 and V. Sundaram

e.venkadeswaran@gmail.com
Address :

Department of Horticulture, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru College of Agriculture and Research Institute, 
Karaikal - 609 603, U.T of Puducherry, India. 

Submitted Date : 26-03-2015
Accepted Date : 2-11-2015

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to compare the effect of conventional fertilisers and water soluble fertilisers at varying frequency interval of application on nutrient uptake of hybrid okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench]. The experiment was laid out in a Randomised block design with two control involving ten treatments in a factorial way and was replicated thrice. The plot receiving daily fertigation of water soluble fertilisers (S1F1) had recorded the highest fruit N, P and K uptake (53.66, 9.19 and 30.14 kg ha-1 of N, P and K respectively) followed by daily fertigation of conventional fertilisers (51.45, 8.85 and 29.40 kg ha-1 of N, P and K respectively). However they were found to be at par. The plant uptake of N, P and K was also found to be higher in the treatment receiving water soluble fertilisers on daily basis (21.94, 5.29 and 15.21 kg ha-1 of N, P and K respectively). Daily fertigation of conventional fertilisers (20.82, 5.04 and 14.66 kg ha-1 of N, P and K respectively) was the next best treatment and it was not found to differ significantly from S1F1. The lowest post harvest available N, P and K recorded in plots receiving daily fertigation using water soluble fertilisers (47.27, 30.18 and 340.67 kg ha-1 of N, P and K respectively) was  found comparable to daily fertigation of conventional fertilisers (48.08, 30.75 and 341.67 kg ha-1 of N, P and K respectively). The maximum post harvest available soil N, P and K was recorded in control wherein the entire recommended fertilisers were applied in soil.

Keywords

Conventional fertilisers Fertigation Fertigation frequency Nutrient uptake Water soluble fertilisers.

References

  1. Badr, M.A. and El-Yazied, A.A. (2007). Effect of fertigation frequency from subsurface drip irrigation on tomato yield grown on sandy soil. Aust. J. Basic & Appl. Sci. 1 : 279-285.
  2. Badr, M.A., Taalab, A.S. and El-Tohamy, W.A. (2011). Nitrogen application rate and fertigation frequency for drip-irrigated potato. Aust. J. Basic & Appl. Sci. 5: 817-825.
  3. Brahma, S., Phookan, D.B., Barua, P. and Saikia, L. (2010). Effect of drip-fertigation on performance of tomato under Assam conditions. Indian J. Hort. 67: 56-60.
  4. Bremner, J.M. (1965). Methods of analysis. Part 2 (Ed.) Black, C.A. Am. Soc. Agron, Inc: Publishers, USA.
  5. Crop Production Techniques of horticultural crops. (2004). Directorate of Horticulture and Plantation Crops, Chennai and Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore. PP. 48-49.
  6. Gupta, A.J., Ahmed, N., Bhat, F.N. and Chattoo, M.A. (2010). Production of hybrid tomato for higher income under drip irrigation and fertigation in Kashmir valley. Indian J. Hort. 67: 127-131.
  7. Imamsaheb, S.J., Patil, M.G. and Harish, D.K. (2011). Effect of different levels of fertigation on productivity and nutrients uptake in processing tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) genotypes. Res. J. Agric. Sci, 2: 217-220.
  8. Jackson, M.L. (1973). Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
  9. Kisekka, I., Migliaccio, K.W., Dukes, M.D., Crane, J.H. and Schaffer, B. (2010). Evaporation-based irrigation for agriculture: crop coefficients of some commercial crops in Florida. IFAS series (AE456), University of Florida.
  10. Mahajan, R.K., Sapra, R.L., Srivastava, U., Singh, M. and Sharma, G.D. (2000). Minimal descriptors of agri-hort. crops-    part I. National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New Delhi. PP. 181-184.
  11. Meenakshi, N. (2002). Growth and productivity of hybrid bitter gourd [Momordica charantia L.) CoBgoH-1 under different macro and micronutrient fertigation levels. Ph.D. (Hort.) Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.
  12. Olsen, S.R., Cole, C.V., Watanable, F.S. and Dean, A.L. (1954). Estimation of available phosphorus in soil by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Circ, PP. 939.
  13. Patel, N. and Rajputm, T.B.S. (2005). Effect of fertigation frequency on onion (Allium cepa) yield and soil nitrate-nitrogen. Indian J. Agri. Sci. 75.
  14. Prabhakar, M., Savanur, V. and Naik, C.L. (2001). Fertigation studies in hybrid tomato. South Indian Hort. 49: 98-100.
  15. Rajput, T.S. and Patil, N. (2006). Water and nutrient movement in drip irrigated onion under fertigation and irrigation treatment. Agricultural Water Management, 79: 293-296.
  16. Rangaswamy, R. (1995). A Text Book of Agricultural Statistics. New Age International (P) Limited, Publishers, New Delhi. 496P.
  17. Rekha, K.B., Reddy, M.G., Mahavishnan, K. and Murthy, V.B.B. (2006). Crop coefficients and yield of Lady’s finger (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) under trickle fertigation in semi arid tropics. Himachal J. Agric. Res. 32: 9.
  18. Savitha, B.K., Paramaguru, P. and Pugalendhi, L. (2010). Effect of drip fertigation on growth and yield of onion. Indian J. Hort. 67: 334-336.
  19. Sharma, T.R., Pandey, A.K., Upadhyaya, S.D. and Agrawal, S.B. (2011). Effect of sources of nutrients and their levels on yield, quality and economics of summer season okra. Indian J. Hort. 68: 498-502.
  20. Shedeed, S.I., Zaghloul, S.M. and Yassen, A.A. (2009). Effect of method and rate of fertiliser application under drip irrigation on yield and nutrient uptake by tomato. Ozean J. Appl. Sci. 2: 139-147.
  21. Singh, B., Singh, M. and Rai, A.B. (2011a). Vision 2030. Army Printing Press, Lucknow.
  22. Singh, B., Naresh, R.K., Kumar, A., Prakash, S. and Mishra, D. (2011b). Effect of fertigation frequency from surface drip irrigation on tomato yield grown on sandy soil in Western Uttar Pradesh. International Conference on Issues for Climate Change, Land Use Diversification and Biotechnological Tools for Livelihood Security, Hi-Tech Hortic. Soc, Meerut. PP.110-116.
  23. Stanford, S. and English, L. (1949). Use of flame photometer in rapid soil tests of K and Ca. Agron. J. 41: 446-247.
  24. Subbiah, B.V. and Asija, C.L. (1956). A rapid procedure for the estimation of available nitrogen in soil. Curr. Sci. 25: 259-260.
  25. Tumbare, A.D. and Nikam, D.R. (2004). Effect of planting and fertigation on growth and yield of green chilli (Capsicum annuum). Indian J. Agri. Sci. 74: 242-245.
  26. Tumbare, A.D. and Bhoite, S.U. (2002). Effect of solid soluble fertiliser applied through fertigation on growth and yield of chilli (Capsicum annuum). Indian J. Agri. Sci. 72: 109-111.
  27. Vadivel, E. (2006). Tamil Nadu precision farming project-expertise shared and experience gained. Sri Shakthi Promotional Litho Process, Coimbatore. PP. 42-44.
     

Global Footprints