Response of sunflower yield to planting methods and irrigation schedules

DOI: 10.18805/ijare.v50i1.8588    | Article Id: A-4385 | Page : 71-75
Citation :- Response of sunflower yield to planting methods and irrigation schedules .Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2016.(50):71-75

Jasmeet Singh Brar, S.S. Mahal, K.S. Saini and Navjot Singh Brar*

navjotbrar11@yahoo.co.in
Address :

Department of Agronomy, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana -141 004, Punjab, India.

Submitted Date : 5-02-2015
Accepted Date : 13-07-2015

Abstract

The field experiment was conducted at Students’ Research Farm, Department of Agronomy, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana during spring 2010. The crop was sown on January 29, 2010 and harvested on May 14, 2010. The soil was loamy sand with 0.3 and 15 bar values of 33.20 and 9.59 cm respectively, in a soil profile of 0-150 cm depth. The soil was moderately alkaline in reaction, low in organic carbon and available N, medium in available P and K. The field experiment comprised 15 treatment combinations viz., five main plot treatments [Planting methods including flat sowing (Flat), sowing at the top of ridge laid down in East-West direction (TR), sowing on the southern slope of ridge laid down in East-West direction (SR), sowing at the centre of raised bed laid down in East-West direction (CB) and sowing on the southern slope of raised bed laid down in East-West direction (SB)]  and three sub plot treatments (Irrigation at IW/CPE ratio 0.8, 1.0 and 1.2). The experiment was laid out in split plot design with four replications. The seed yield recorded with SR and SB methods was 21.6 q/ha and 21.3 q/ha, respectively, which were statistically at par with each other, but significantly higher than the seed yield observed under TR, CB and Flat methods. Among irrigation schedules, IW/CPE ratio of 1.2 produced maximum seed yield which was statistically at par with IW/CPE ratio of 1.0 and significantly higher than IW/CPE ratio of 0.8.

Keywords

Capitulum IW/CPE ratio Leaf area.

References

  1. Abdou, S. M. M., Abd EL-Latif, K. M., Farrag, R. M. F. and Yousef, K. M. R. (2011). Response of sunflower yield and water relations to sowing date and irrigation scheduling under middle Egypt conditions. Adv. Appl. Sci. Res., 2: 141-150.
  2. Ahmed, G., Queresh, Z. and Ullah, H. (2000). Effect of different sowing methods on the performance of sunflower. Pakistan J. Biol. Sci., 3: 1829-30. 
  3. Anonymous, (2014). Package of Practices for Rabi Crops of Punjab. Pp 65-69. Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana. 
  4. Bhagat, G. J., Abdul, H., Bonde, S. P., Giri, M. D. and Mohammed, S. ( 2001). Effect of irrigation scheduling and sulphur levels on consumptive use and water use efficiency of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Annals Plant Physiol., 15: 21-24. 
  5. Buttar, G. S. (1995). Effect of date and method of planting-cum-irrigation application on the growth, yield and water relations of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Ph.D. dissertation, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana. 
  6. Cochran, W. G. and Cox, G. M. (1967). Experimental Designs. Asia Publishing House, New Delhi. 
  7. Malik, M. A., Shah, S. H., Mahmood, S. and Cheema, M. A. (2001). Effect of various planting geometries on growth, seed yield and oil content of new sunflower hybrid (SF-187). Int. J. Agri. Biol., 3:55-56
  8. Mandal, B. and Giri, G. (2002). Influence of irrigation and nutrients on growth, yield and oil content of spring sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Indian J. Agron., 47: 255-61. 
  9. Prasad, U. K., Prasad, T. N. and Kumar, A.(1999). Effect of irrigation and nitrogen on growth and yield of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Indian J. Agric. Sci., 69: 567-69. 
  10. Prihar, S. S., Gajri, P. R. and Narang, R. S. (1974). Scheduling irrigation to wheat using open pan evaporation. Indian J. Agric. Sci., 44 : 567-71.
  11. Raj, B., Singh, T. and Singh, H. (1999). Genotypes, irrigation and fertility effect on seed yield, water use and water use efficiency of spring sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Indian J. Agric. Sci., 69 : 101-05. 
  12. Sawhney, J. S., Bhinder, S. S., Sidhu, M. S. and Narang, R. S. (1989). Agronomic practices for higher for higher productivity in winter maize. Indian J. Agron., 34 : 24-26. 
  13. Singh, C. and Mahey, R. K. (1998). Response of hybrid sunflower to planting dates, method of sowing and timing of last irrigation. J. Res. Punjab Agric. Univ., 35 : 8-11. 
  14. Sumathi, V., Rao, D. S. K. and Reddy, D. S. (2007). Effect of nitrogen and irrigation management on yield of sunflower. J. Res. ANGRAU , 35: 1-8. 
  15. Taha, M., Mishra, B. K. and Acharya, N. (2001). Effect of irrigation and nitrogen on yield and yield attributing characters of sunflower. Annals Agric. Res., 22: 182-186. 

Global Footprints