Antifungal activity and GC-MS detection of leaves and roots parts of Chenopodium album extract against some phytopathogenic fungi

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-433    | Article Id: A-433 | Page : 117-121
Citation :- Antifungal activity and GC-MS detection of leaves and roots parts of Chenopodium album extract against some phytopathogenic fungi.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2020.(54):117-121
Jawadayn Talib Alkooranee, Hasan Hadi Al-khshemawee, Mutaz Abdul Kadhim Al-badri, 
Maha Shaker Al-srai and Hadeel Hamazah Daweri jalkooranee@uowasit.edu.iq
Address : Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, Wasit University, Wasit, Iraq.
Submitted Date : 23-03-2019
Accepted Date : 13-07-2019

Abstract

Antifungal potential of leaves and roots parts of Chenopodium album was evaluated against five phytopathogenic fungi including Alternaria alternata, Fusarium solani, Rhizoctonia solani, Pythium aphanidermatum and Sclerotinia sclerotium using four concentrations viz. 0, 5, 10 and 15% of leaves and roots water extract led to significantly reduced of fungi mycelial growth. GC-MS analysis of leaves and roots water extract showed the presence of 7 compounds. 2(3H)-furanone, dihydro-4,4-dimethyl; 9-octadecenoic acid (Z), methyl ester; 9,12-octadecenoic acid (Z), methyl ester; 6-methylene bicyclo (3.2.0) hept-3-en-2-one., 1,2-benzene dicarboxylic acid, mono (2-ethylhexyl) ester and hexadecanoic acid, methyl ester. Five phytopathogenic fungi could be managed and controlled by the water leaves and roots extract of C. album. The antifungal activity of this extract was possible could be used to control a wide range of fungi. 

Keywords

Alternaria alternata Chenopodium album Fusarium solani GC-MS. Pythium aphanidermatum Rhizoctonia solani Sclerotinia sclerotiurm.

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