Loading...

Responses of seed priming with gibberellic acid on yield and oil quality of sunflower (Helianthus annus L.)

DOI: 10.5958/0976-058X.2015.00036.0    | Article Id: A-4148 | Page : 235-240
Citation :- Responses of seed priming with gibberellic acid on yield and oil quality of sunflower (Helianthus annus L.).Indian Journal of Agricultural Research.2015.(49):235-240
Nikhat Jafri*, Mohammad Mazid and Firoz Mohammad biologydone@gmail.com
Address : Department of Botany, Faculty of Life Science, A.M.U, Aligarh-222 002, India.

Abstract

Surface sterilized seeds sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) were soaked in 0, 10-7, 10-5 and 10-3M aqueous solution of gibberellic acid (GA) for 4, 8, 12 and 16 hours (h) and sown in pots filled with 5 kg homogenous mixture of soil and farmyard manure in the ratio of 4:1. The plants were sampled at harvest for analysis of head diameter, seeds per head, 1000-seed weight, seed yield per plant, biological yield per plant, harvest index (HI), oil content and oil yield per plant, acid value, iodine value and saponification value at harvest. All attributes were found to be significantly enhanced by the GA seed priming with maximum stimulation followed by a 8 h soaking treatment with 10-5MGA. Moreover, the most of the attributes were stimulated by 70%, 123.49%, 44.76%, 41.38% and 14.93%, 63.34%, 111.76% and 1.64% over the control except the 1000-seed weight, biological yield per plant and iodine value.

Keywords

Acid value Gibberellic acid Iodine value Productivity Saponification value.

References

  1. Anonymous (1970). Pharmacopoeia of India. 2nd Ed. Manager of Publications, Ministry of Health, Government of India, New Delhi, pp. 947-948.
  2. Anonymous (2006).Year book, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, Finance Division, Economic Advisor’s Wing, Islamabad, Pakistan.
  3. FAO (2004). Medium term prospects for agricultural commodities: Projections to the year 2000. FAO Economic and Social Development Paper No. 120. Rome.
  4. Gomez, K.A., Gomez (1984 Statistical Procedures for Agricultured Research. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
  5. Hassanpouraghdam, M.B.Hajisamadi, A. B. and Khalighi, A. (2011). Gibberellic acid foliar application influences growth, volatile oil and some physiological characteristics of lavender (Lavandula officinalis Chaix). Romanian Biotechnol. Letters. 16: 6322-6327.
  6. Hassanpourdagham, M.B, El- Amery, E.M.S and Mazid, M. (2015). Note on the enzyme activities, productivity and quality parameters of chickpea cultivars under influence of diverse synthetic plant growth promoters. Post har. Sci. Techno. 2(1): 23-38.
  7. K1aiyarasan, C. and Vaiyapuri, V. (2007).Effect of integrated nutrient management practices on growth and yield attributes and quality characters of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Int. J. Tropical Agric. 35: 15-18.
  8. Khan, W. Prithaviraj, B. and Smith, D.L. (2003). Photosynthetic responses of corn and soyabean to foliar application of salicylates. J. Plant. Physiol. 160: 485-492.
  9. Khan, N.A. Ansari, H.R. and Samiullah (1998). Effect of gibberellic acid spray during ontogeny of mustard on growth, nutrient uptake and yield characteristics. J. Agron. Crop Sci. 181: 61-63.
  10. Khan, T. A. Mazid, M. and Mohammad, F. (2011).Climate change, sustainable agriculture and future needs: A perspective of parallel re-thinking. J. Industrial Res. Tech. 1(2): 40-50.
  11. Mazid, M. and Mohammad, F. (2012). Environmental constraints responsible for reduction in productivity of chickpea: Revisit an old problem. Int. J. Env. Eng. manag. 3(5): 32-35.
  12. Mazid, M. and Khan, T.A. Mohammad, F. and Nooris, N. (2013). Physico-biochemical effects of pre-sowing seed treatment with gibberellic acid on Helianthus annus L. - In: Proceedings of the National conference of Plant Physiology (NCPP-2013)” on Current Trends in Plant Biology Research”: organized by Groundnut Directorate, Junagarh , [A. L. Singh (eds.)], 13-15 th December, Gujarat, India. P. 895-896.
  13. Mazid M. (2014a). Impact of seed priming application of gibberellic acid on growth, biochemical, yield attributes and protein status of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L. cv. DCP 92-3). In: Proceedings of the 1st International Congress on “Agriculture, Food Engineering and Environmental Sciences- Sustainable Approaches” (AFEESSA- 2014) Organized by “Krishi Sanskriti” [Mishra G.C (eds.)], 29th & 30th March, 2014, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. p. 67-71.
  14. Mazid, M. (2014b). Seed priming application of gibberellic acid on growth, biochemical, yield and protein status of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L. cv. DCP 92-3). Int. J. Genetic Eng. Biotech. 5(1): 17-22.
  15. Mazid, M, Roychowdhury, R, Khan, F. (2014). Evaluation of chickpea cultivation approaches in terms of environmental resilience and future protein security. Curr. Agric. Res. 2(2): 164-174.
  16. Mazid, M and Khan, F (2015). Analysis of response of chick-pea cultivars to various insecticides - A pot evaluation. Con. Framework Innov. Agro-Ecology and Food Sci. 1(1): 68-72.
  17. Mazid, M. Ali, B. Hayat, S. and Ahmad, A. (2010). The effect of 4-chloro-3-indoleacetic acid on some growth parameters in mung bean under cadmium stress. Turk. J. Biol. 34: 9-13.
  18. Munir, M.A. (2006). Nutritional Management Studies on Spring Planted Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Ph.D. Thesis, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
  19. Nagaraj, G. (1995). Quality and Utility of Oilseeds. Directorate of Oilseeds Research, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Hyderabad, India.
  20. Pandey, B.P. (2000). Economic Botany. 6thEd. S. Chand and Company Ltd., New Delhi.
  21. Shah, S.H. (2007). Physiological effects of pre-sowing seed treatment with gibberellic acid on Nigella sativa L. Acta Bot. Croat. 66: 67-73.
  22. Thakare, U.Patil, N. and Malpathak, N. (2011). Performance of chickpea under the influence of gibberellic acid and oxygenated peptone during germination. Adv. Biosci. Biotech. 2: 40-45.
  23. Tiwari, D.K. Pandey, P. Giri, S.P. and Dwivedi, J.L. (2011). Effect of GA3 and other plant growth regulators on hybrid rice seed production. Asian J. Plant Sci.10: 133-139.

Global Footprints