Investigating the Effectiveness of Selenite on Drought Stressed Upland Rice

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-385    | Article Id: A-385 | Page : 168-174
Citation :- Investigating the Effectiveness of Selenite on Drought Stressed Upland Rice.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2020.(54):168-174
O.A. David, G.F. Akomolafe, O.L. Jolayemi, I.J. Olawuni, O.O. Awoyemi oyinade.dedeke@fuoye.edu.ng
Address : Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.
Submitted Date : 19-08-2018
Accepted Date : 29-12-2019

Abstract

Water stress is an enormous problem facing food production, especially in arid and semi-arid regions. Production of free radicals during water stress has led to oxidative stress, which eventually causes death of cells in plants. Therefore, it is important to tackle this issue knowing that rice is one of the most important cereal crops largely cultivated and consumed by humans and animals. The studies aimed at the effect of selenite on physiological and biochemical activities of water-stressed upland rice. Three Upland rice cultivars namely Nerica U4, Nerica U7 and Vandana were collected in Africa Rice Centre, Ibadan. The seeds were sterilized and soaked for 10 hours in different concentrations of Selenite (Se) (0 mg/l, 50 mg/l and 100 mg/l). Primed seed were planted into sterilized-sieved top soils. Plants were subjected to 0 (irrigated) and 8 days (non-irrigated) water stress. Selenite 50 mg/l improved plant height, number of leaves, total carotene, chlorophyll contents, biomass, grain number of upland rice during water stress. Selenite increased activities of APX as water stress progressively increased consequently, low MDA content was observed in cultivar Vandana. Furthermore, selenite significantly improved total carotene, chlorophyll contents, anthocyanin, and dry shoot weight in cultivar Nerica U7 during water stress. Selenite significantly stabilized activities of anthocyanin and CAT in cultivar Nerica U4 during water stress. Hence high grain yield was recorded in Nerica U4 and U7 in selenite primed upland rice during water stress. Selenite reduced lipid peroxidation in upland rice at 100mg/l. Therefore, it can be concluded that response of rice to selenite during water stress is based on tolerance capacity of the cultivars and also, selenite 50mg/l can help to improve growth and yield of upland rice in drought-prone area.

Keywords

Antioxidants Growth Lipid peroxidation Selenite Upland rice Yield

References

  1. Aebi, H., (1984). Catalase in vitro. Methods in Enzym. 105: 121-126.
  2. Agbolade, J. O., David, O., Ajiboye, A., Kioko, J., Jolayemi, O., Olawuni, I., Ojo, M., Akomolafe, G., Adekoya, M. and Komolafe, R. (2019). Morpho-physiological effect of selenium on salinity-stressed wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal of Biological Research 92:7650.
  3. Cartes, P., Jara, A.A., Pinilla, L., Rosas, A. and Mora, M.L. (2009). Selenium improves the antioxidant ability against aluminium -induced oxidative stress in ryegrass roots. Annals of Appl. Biol. 156: 297-307.
  4. Caverzan, A., Gisele, P., Silvia, B.R., Carolina, W.R., Fernanda, L. and Márcia, M. (2012). Plant responses to stresses: Role of ascorbate peroxidase in the antioxidant protection. Genet. Mol. Biol. 35(4 Suppl): 1011–1019.
  5. David, O.A., Ajiboye, A.A., Akomolafe, G.F., Agbolade, J.O., Ojo, M.B., Jolayemi, O.L. and Olawuni, I.J. (2018). Alleviating Salinity Stress in Wheat using Selenite Seed Primed. Vegetos. 31(4):114-118.
  6. Foley, J.A., Ramankutty, N., Braumann, K.A., Cassidy, E.S., Gerber, J.S., Johnston, M., Mueller, N.D., Connell, C.O., Ray, D.K., West, P.C., Balzer, C., Bennett, E.M., Carpenter, S.R., Hill, J., Monfreda, C., Polasky, S., Rockström, J. Sheehan, J., Siebert, S., Tilman, D. and Zaks, D.P.M. (2011). Solutions for a cultivated planet. Nature. 478: 337–342.
  7. Guimarães, C.M., Pereira de Castro, A., Stone, L.F. and Pereira de Oliveira, J. (2016). Drought tolerance in upland rice: identification of genotypes and agronomic characteristics. Acta Sci. Agro. Maringá. 38(2): 201-206.
  8. Hajiboland, R. and Amjad, L. (2007). Does antioxidant capacity of leaves play a role in growth response to selenium at different sulfur nutritional status? Plant Soil Environ. 53:207–215. 
  9. Hansen, J.M., Go, Y.M. and Jones, D.P. (2006). Nuclear and mitochondrial compartmentation of oxidative stress and redox signaling. Annual Rev. Pharm. & Toxicol. 46: 215-234.
  10. Hussain, S., Khan, F., Cao, W., Wu, L. and Geng, M. (2016). Seed Priming Alters the Production and Detoxification of Reactive Oxygen Intermediates in Rice Seedlings Grown under Sub-optimal Temperature and Nutrient Supply. Front. Plant Sci. 7: 439
  11. Ji, K., Wang, Y., Sun, W., Lou, Q., Mei, H., Shen, S. and Chen, H. (2012). Drought-responsive mechanisms in rice genotypes with contrasting drought tolerance during reproductive stage. J. Plant Physiol. 169: 336– 344.
  12. Khaliq, A., Aslam, F., Matloob, A., Hussain, S., Geng, M. and Wahid, A. (2015). Seed priming with selenium: consequences for emergence, seedling growth and biochemical attributes of rice. Biol. Trace Elem. Res. 166: 236–244. 
  13. Khush, G.S., (2005). What it will take to feed 5.0 billion rice consumers in 2030. Plant Mol. Biol. 59(1): 1–6.
  14. Kong, W., Fei, L., Chu, Z., Jianfeng, Z. and Hailin, F. (.2016). Non-destructive determination of Malondialdehyde (MDA) distribution in oilseed rape leaves by laboratory scale NIR hyperspectral imaging. Sci. Rep. 6: 35393.
  15. Manish, K., Kumar, A. and Mandal, N.P. (2018). Evaluation of Recombinant Inbreed Lines (RIL) population of upland rice under stress and non-stress conditions for grain yield and drought tolerance. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. (52):119-125 Resea.
  16. Nakano, Y. and Asada, K. (1981). Hydrogen peroxide is scavenged by ascorbate-specific peroxidase in spinach chloroplasts. Plant Cell Physiol. 22: 867-880.
  17. Nawaz, M.F., Bourrie, G. and Trolard, F. (2013). Soil compaction impact and modelling. A review. Agro. for sust. Dev. 33(2): 291-309.
  18. Nayek, S., Choudhury, I.H., Jaishee, N. and Roy, S. (2004). Spectrophotometric Analysis of Chlorophylls and Carotenoids from Commonly Grown Fern Species by Using Various Extracting Solvents. Res. J. Chem. Sci. 4(9): 63-69.
  19. Nkoana, K.D., Gerrano, A.S. and Gwata, E.T. (2019). Evaluation of diverse cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] germplasm accessions for drought tolerance. Legume Research-An International Journal.2019. (42):168-172.
  20. Ohkawa, H., Onishi, V. and. Yagi, K. (1979). Assay for lipid peroxidation in animal tissue by thiobarbituric acid reaction. Anal. Biochem. 95: 351-8. 
  21. Oikeh, S.O., Nwilene, F.E., Agunbiade, T.A., Oladimeji, O., Ajayi, O., Semon, M., Tsunematsu, H. and Samejima, H. (2007). Growing upland rice: a production handbook-Africa Rice Centre. WARDA.
  22. Surai, P.F. (2006). Selenium in Nutrition and Health. Nottingham University Press, Nottingham.
  23. Tabaeizadeh, Z. (1998). Drought-induced responses in plant cells. Int. Rev. Cytol. 182: 193–247.
  24. Venuprasad, R., Bool, M.E., Quiatchon, L., Sta Cruz, M.T., Amante, M. and Atlin, G.N. (2011). A large-effect QTL for rice grain yield under uplanddrought stress on chromosome. Mol. Breed. 30(1): 535-547
  25. Wang, J.H., Geng, L.H. and Zhang, C.M. (2012). Research on the weak signal detecting technique for crop water stress based on wavelet denoising. Adv. Mat. Res. 424/425: 966–970.
  26. Wrolstad, R.E., Durst, R.W. and Lee, J. (2005). Tracking color and pigment changes in anthocyanin products. Trends Food Sci. Technol. 16: 423–428. 
  27. Yokota, A., Shigeoka, S., Onishi, T. and Kitaoka, S. (1988). Selenium as inducer of glutathione peroxidase in low-CO2-grown Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Plant Physiol. 86: 649–651.
  28. Zadražnik, T. and Šuštar-Vozliè, J. (2019). Impact of drought stress on physiological characteristics and isolation of chloroplasts in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Legume Research -An International Journal. 

Global Footprints