Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

  • NAAS Rating 5.20

  • SJR 0.293

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Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 48 issue 5 (october 2014) : 352-359


S.K. Sharma*, N.K. Jain1
1Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur–313 001, India
Cite article:- Sharma* S.K., Jain1 N.K. (2023). CHANGE IN SOIL FERTILITY AS INFLUENCEd by VARYING LEVELS OF FERTILIZATION TO KHARIF CROPS AND DIFFERENT WHEAT BASED CROPPING SYSTEMS IN SOUTHERN RAJASTHAN, India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 48(5): 352-359. doi: 10.5958/0976-058X.2014.01314.6.
A field experiment was conducted on sandy clay loam soil during kharif and rabi of 2008-09 and 2009-10. There were 3 wheat - based cropping systems (maize -wheat, groundnut - wheat and clusterbean –wheat) and 3 treatments (100 % NPK, 100 % NPKS and 100 % NPKSZn) applied to kharif crops, in the main plots and 3 fertilizer (75, 100 and 125 % NPK to wheat) in the sub-plots, was laid out in split plot design with 3 replications. Groundnut – wheat cropping system as well as 100 % NPKSZn to kharif crops significantly higher wheat- grain equivalent yield (7118 kg/ha) and (7019 kg/ha) and available N, P and K of soil. Successive increase in fertility levels up to 125 % NPK significantly increased wheat – grain equivalent yield (7063 kg/ha) and available N, P, K and Zn while available S decreased significantly with successive increase in fertility levels up to 125 % NPK. Balance sheet of nutrients indicated maximum deficit of nitrogen (-108.48 kg/ha) and sulphur (-37.06 kg/ha) in groundnut – wheat cropping system and potassium deficit (-164.33 kg/ha) in maize – wheat cropping system. Maximum deficits of N (-58.28 kg/ha) and K (-177.50 kg/ha) and positive zinc balance (+11.281 kg/ha) were recorded under 100 % NPKSZn.  Application of 125 % NPK to wheat recorded maximum positive balance of N (+17.02 kg/ha) and P (+122.76 kg/ha) but maximum deficits of K (-153.23 kg/ha) and S (-32.63 kg/ha), Maximum zinc balance (+3.462 kg/ha) was observed under 75% NPK. Groundnut – wheat cropping system recorded maximum positive balances of available N (+30.08 kg/ha) and P (+4.08 kg/ha).
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