Tolerance mechanisms of Indonesian plant varieties of yardlong beans (Vigna unguiculata sub sp. sesquipedalis) against drought stress

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-369    | Article Id: A-369 | Page : 223-227
Citation :- Tolerance mechanisms of Indonesian plant varieties of yardlong beans (Vigna unguiculata sub sp. sesquipedalis) against drought stress.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2019.(53):223-227
M.W. Lestari, N. Arfarita, A. Sharma and B. Purkait mwlestari@unisma.ac.id
Address : Faculty of Agriculture, University of Islam Malang, East Java, Indonesia.
Submitted Date : 26-05-2018
Accepted Date : 27-02-2019

Abstract

Plants that experience drought stress protects themselves through several mechanisms namely avoidance, tolerance, recovery, and escape. Eight varieties of yardlong bean plants were subjected to a drought stress at the rates of 50% of the field capacity (FC) and 100% of the field capacity (FC). The results showed that yardlong bean plants possessed the mechanisms of escape, demonstrated by the increase in Peroxidase (POX) enzyme activity. Avoidance was demonstrated by the reduced evapotranspiration surface of the decreased leaf surface area, and the increased number of closed stomata. Tolerance was demonstrated by the increased proline accumulation.

Keywords

Avoidance Drought stress Escape Indonesian yardlong beans Tolerance.

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