Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

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Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 52 issue 6 (december 2018) : 666-670

Effect of seed weight on stem anatomical characters in white lupine (Lupinus albus L.) cultivars

M.A. Hasan, S.K. AL-Taweel, J.H. Hamza, W.M. Jewad
1Department of Field Crops, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, University of Baghdad, Al-Jadiriya, Baghdad, Iraq.
Cite article:- Hasan M.A., AL-Taweel S.K., Hamza J.H., Jewad W.M. (2018). Effect of seed weight on stem anatomical characters in white lupine (Lupinus albus L.) cultivars. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 52(6): 666-670. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-352.
An anatomical study was carried out at the College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, University of Baghdad, in 2017, on lupine crop (Lupinus albus) as a comparison guide of three seed weights of three lupine cultivars viz. ‘Giza-1’, ‘Giza-2’ and ‘Hamburg’. The nested design was used with four replications. The results showed that cultivars had a significant effect on stem anatomical traits. ‘Hamburg’ cultivar recorded the highest stem diameter, cortex thickness and xylem vascular diameter, while cultivar ‘Giza-1’ recorded the lowest values for the same traits as well as the highest collenchyma layer thickness, vascular bundle thickness, and xylem thickness. Cultivar ‘Giza-2’ recorded the lowest vascular bundle thickness and xylem thickness. The interaction between cultivar and seed weight was significant. ‘Hamburg’ cultivar was superior to both ‘Giza-1’ and ‘Giza-2’ anatomically. ‘Hamburg’ cultivar with lower seed weight was found best for field sowing to get higher yield with lower seed cost.
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