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Effect of seed weight on stem anatomical characters in white lupine (Lupinus albus L.) cultivars

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-352    | Article Id: A-352 | Page : 666-670
Citation :- Effect of seed weight on stem anatomical characters in white lupine (Lupinus albus L.) cultivars.Indian Journal of Agricultural Research.2018.(52):666-670
M.A. Hasan, S.K. AL-Taweel, J.H. Hamza and W.M. Jewad sudad.altaweel@coagri.uobaghdad.edu.iq
Address : Department of Field Crops, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, University of Baghdad, Al-Jadiriya, Baghdad, Iraq.
Submitted Date : 20-03-2018
Accepted Date : 6-10-2018

Abstract

An anatomical study was carried out at the College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, University of Baghdad, in 2017, on lupine crop (Lupinus albus) as a comparison guide of three seed weights of three lupine cultivars viz. ‘Giza-1’, ‘Giza-2’ and ‘Hamburg’. The nested design was used with four replications. The results showed that cultivars had a significant effect on stem anatomical traits. ‘Hamburg’ cultivar recorded the highest stem diameter, cortex thickness and xylem vascular diameter, while cultivar ‘Giza-1’ recorded the lowest values for the same traits as well as the highest collenchyma layer thickness, vascular bundle thickness, and xylem thickness. Cultivar ‘Giza-2’ recorded the lowest vascular bundle thickness and xylem thickness. The interaction between cultivar and seed weight was significant. ‘Hamburg’ cultivar was superior to both ‘Giza-1’ and ‘Giza-2’ anatomically. ‘Hamburg’ cultivar with lower seed weight was found best for field sowing to get higher yield with lower seed cost.

Keywords

Anatomical markers Collenchyma Cortex Epidermis Seed size Vascular bundles.

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