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Selection and field evaluation to increase yield and quality of several black rice accessions 

E.S. Halimi, P. Haryadi, A. Kholiq, D. Saputra and A.F. Faradibta
Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sriwijaya Kampus Unsri Indralaya, OI 30162, South Sumatra, Indonesia.
esh@unsri.ac.id

Page Range:
264-270
Article ID:
A-306
Online Published:
25-05-2018
Abstract
Yield and quality of  some local black rice cultivars were low as  the panicle in the same clump  do not reach maturity at the same time.  This research program utilized plants of three local black rice cultivars of “Mariana”, “Purwokerto”, and “Toraja”. The plants were planted in pots and placed under a plastic house.  Some agronomic  traits were measured, including number of productive tiller (NPT) and NPT with mature grains in the panicle>85%  (NPT-85).  Selected plants were determined by quadrant method of NPT-85 over NPT. After three selection cycles, the research reveals  four potential accessions of Mariana-58.07.(10,17,21,28),Mariana-96.04 (11,15,23,33); Purwokerto-06.09(10,23,27), and Toraja-06.07(11,13,19). These four accessions called as Unsri P-1 to Unsri P-4, respectively.  Field evaluation indicated, the accessions were able to produce high quality grain with  NPT-85 over NPT ratio ranged from 87% to 95 %,  and yield potential ranged from 6.16 to 8.81  dry un-hulled grain t/ha.
Keywords
Black-rice, Quality, Selection, Yield.
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