Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

  • NAAS Rating 5.60

  • SJR 0.293

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 51 issue 4 (august 2017) : 360-364

Soil structure of pistachio cultivation areas in Turkey and comparison with border lines 

D. Isler Ceyhan, C. Can, K. Sarpkaya, N. Kalkancý
1<p>Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences,&nbsp;Gaziantep University, Gaziantep-Turkey.</p>
Cite article:- Ceyhan Isler D., Can C., Sarpkaya K., Kalkanc&yacute; N. (2017). Soil structure of pistachio cultivation areas in Turkey and comparison with border lines . Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 51(4): 360-364. doi: 10.18805/ijare.v51i04.8423.

Pistachio orchards and the frontier zone which had been laid with mines for a long time were determined as research area. Soil samples from mined area, cultural practices applied (use of pesticides, soil tillage and artificial fertilizers) and naturally growing pistachio orchards were taken to compare physical, chemical, biological characteristics and heavy metal contents.
Experimental soils generally consisted of clay, clayey-loamy, silted-loamy, sandy loamy clay and loamy, included alkali-reaction and were limy. The soil samples were salt-free and inadequate in terms of organic substances and total amount of N. The amount of K and Mg was fairly at high-levels and soil samples were poor in terms of extractive content of Fe. Moreover, amount of Mn and Zn was very low. Soil samples of our research area included high toxic level of lead. While there was a significant difference (P<0.05) among all areas in respect to the number of total aerobic mesophilic viable, it was found that the least number was in the mine fields and the highest number was in fields which were treated. The data obtained through this study is the first report on detailed soil structure analyses of the pistachio orchards and their comparison with mined area in Turkey.

  1. Abad, J.R.S., Khosravi, H. and Alamdarlou, E.H. (2014). Assessment the effects of land use changes on soil physicochemical properties in Jafarabad of Golestan province, Iran. Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences, 3: 296-300.

  2. Adugna, A. and Abegaz, A. (2016). Effects of land use changes on the dynamics of selected soil properties in northeast Wellega, Ethiopia. SOIL EGU J. 2: 63–70. 

  3. Aktar, M.W., Sengupta, D. and Chowdhury, A. (2009). Impact of pesticides use in agriculture: their benefits and hazards. Interdisc. Toxicol. 2(1): 1–12.

  4. Arpacý, S. (2013). Pistachio cultivation in Anatolia. J. Res. Pistachio. 2: 2-7.

  5. Atýlgan, A., Coskun, A., Saltuk, B. and Erkan, M. (2007). The level of chemical and organic fertilizer usage and potential environmental impacts in greenhouses in Antalya region. Ecology, 15 (62): 37-47.

  6. Bengisu, G. (2014). Potential of organic farming and its applications in GAP region. Alýnteri J. Agri. Sci. 26 (B): 38-44. 

  7. Black, C.A. (1982). Methods of Soil Analysis. American Society of Agronomy, Madison Wisconsin USA. pp. 9.

  8. Bremner, J.M. (1695). Organic Forms of Nitrogen. Methods of Solid Analysis. In: C.A. Black (ed). American Society of Agronomy. Madison, USA. 85: 1238-1255. 

  9. COMG. (2010). Soil pollution control regulation. Ministry of Environment and Forests, Ankara, Turkey.

  10. Dotaniya, M.L., Thakur, J.K., Meena, V.D., Jajoria, D.K. and Rathor G. (2014). Chromium Pollution: a Threat To Environment - A Review. Agri. Review, 35 (2): 153 – 157.

  11. FAO. (1990). Micronutrient. Assessment at the Country level: An International Study (FAO Soil Bulletin by Mikko Sillanpaa, Rome).

  12. Fließbach, A. and Mäder, P. (2004). Short and long-term effects on soil microorganisms of two potato pesticide spraying sequences with either glufosinate or dinoseb as defoliants. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 40: 268–276

  13. Jackson, M.L. (1958). Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall Inc Eng Cliffs USA.

  14. Kacar, B. (2012). Soil analysis III. Ankara, Turkey. p.484 

  15. Kýzýlgöz, Ý., Tutar, E. and Sakin, E. (2009). Nutritional status of Pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) trees growing prevalently in Bozova. SDU J. Faculty. Agri. 4 (1):10-15.

  16. Kim, H.S., Lee, D.W., Woo, S.D., Yu, M. and Kang, K.S. (1998). Distribution, serological identification, and PCR analysis Bacillus thuringiensis isolated from soils of Korea. Current Microbiology, 37:195-200. 

  17. Kennedy, A.C. and Papendick R.I. (1995). Microbial characteristics of soil quality. J. Soil Water Conserv. 50: 243-248.

  18. Kloke, A. (1980). Orientierugsdaten für Tolerierbare Gesamtgehalte Einiger Elemente in Kulturboden. Mitteilungen VDLUFA H 1-3: 9-11.

  19. Kumar, A., Srivastava, L.K., Mishra, V.N. and Banwasi R. (2017). Major and micro nutrient status of rice-chickpea grown in soils of Chhattisgarh plain region of India. Indian J. Agric. Res. 51 (1): 1-8.

  20. Lindsay, W.L. and Norvell, W.A. (1978). Development of a DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese and copper. Soil Sci. Society American Proceeding. 42: 421-428.

  21. Loue, A. (1968). Diagnostic petiolaire de prospection edutes sur la nutrition et al fertilisation potassiques de la vigne (Societe Commerciale des Potasses d’Alsace Services Agromiques) 31-41. 

  22. Malarkodi, M. (2007). Remediation Of Metal Contaminated Soils Using Plants - A Review. Agric.Rev. 28 (2): 107-117.

  23. Minase, N.A., Masafu, M.M., Geda, A.E. and Wolde, M.M. (2016). Heavy metals in agricultural soils of central Ethiopia: The contribution of land use types and organic sources to their variability. Open J. Soil. Sci. 6: 99-112.

  24. Morugán-Coronado, A., García-Orenes, F. and Cerdà A. (2015). Changes in soil microbial activity and physicochemical properties in agricultural soils in Eastern Spain. SJSS. 5, 3.

  25. Nelson, D.W. and Sommers, L.E. (1982). Total Carbon, Organic Carbon, and Organic Matter. In: Page et al. (ed). Methods of Soil Analysis: Chemical and Microbiological Properties. American Society of Agronomy. Madison, USA. 9: 539-579. 

  26. Olatunji, O.S., Opeolu, B.O., Fatoki, O.S. and Ximba, B.J. (2013). Heavy metals concentration levels in selected arable agricultural soils in South Western Nigeria. Academic J. 8 (11): 421-427. 

  27. Olsen, S.R., Cole, V., Watanabe, F.S. and Dean, L.B. (1954). Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. Washington U.S. Department of Agriculture 939.

  28. Özdemir, N., Öztürk, E. and Yakupoðlu, T. (2008). Effects of parent material and land use on distribution of some trace elements fractions in soil. Ondokuz Mayýs University, Anadolu J. Agri Sci. 23(2), 92-97.

  29. Pankhurst, C.E., Hawke, B.G., McDonald, H.J., Kirkby, C.A., Buckerfield, J.C., Michelsen, P., O’Brien, K.A., Gupta, V.V.S.R. and Doube, B.M. (1995). Evaluation of soil biological properties as potential bioindicators of soil health. Australian J. Exper. Agri. 35: 1015-1028.

  30. Richards, L.A. (1954). Diagnosis and Improvement Saline and Alkaline soils. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Handbook 60.

  31. Ülgen, N. and Yurtsever, N. (1995). Turkey manure and fertilizer directory. Institute of Soil and Fertilizer Research Publications, Ankara, Turkey 209.

  32. Webber, J. (1981). Trace metals in agriculture. In: Lepp, N.W. (ed). Effect of heavymetal pollution on plants: Metals in the environment. AppliedSci Publ London, New Jersey. 84-159.

Editorial Board

View all (0)