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Fruit and seed quality of okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench] as influenced by harvesting stage and drying method

DOI: 10.18805/ijare.v50i4.11253    | Article Id: A-216 | Page : 330-334
Citation :- Fruit and seed quality of okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench]as influenced by harvesting stage and drying method .Indian Journal of Agricultural Research.2016.(50):330-334

Hillary Mireku Bortey* and Beloved Mensah Dzomeku

hmireku@gmail.com
Address :

CSIR-Crops Research Institute, P. O. Box 3785, Fumesua, Kumasi, Ghana.

Submitted Date : 16-02-2016
Accepted Date : 27-07-2016

Abstract

The influence of harvesting stages and drying methods on fruit and seed quality of okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench.] cultivar Asontem was studied to determine the optimum stage of harvest and suitable drying method. The fruit length and diameter progressively increased and reached its peak at 30 days after anthesis by recording 9.50 and 2.83cm respectively and subsequently decreased slightly. The higher seed moisture content (46.5%) was obtained at the early harvesting stage (10 day after anthesis (DAA) and decreased to as low as 22.1% at 50 DAA. Seed maturation and quality parameters were highly significant (p=0.05) at different harvesting stages. Maximum seed dry weight (4.1 g) occurred at 40 DAA regardless of the drying method. Maximum standard germination (77.0%) occurred at 50 DAA when seed moisture content was lowest (22.1%). The optimum stage for harvesting fruit of okra cultivar Asontem for high seed germinability was found to be ³40 days after anthesis, followed by shade drying fruits before seed extraction. 

Keywords

Drying method Fruit Harvesting stage Okra Seed quality.

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