Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.67

  • SJR .391

  • Impact Factor .669 (2022)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 45 issue 1 (january 2022) : 18-24

Identification of Pod Shattering Resistance and Associations between Agronomic Characters in Soybean using Genotype by Trait Biplot

M.M. Adie, T. Sundari, A. Wijanarko, R.D. Purwaningrahayu, A. Krisnawati
1Indonesian Legume and Tuber Crops Research Institute, Jl. Raya Kendalpayak Km 8, P.O. Box 66 Malang 65101, East Java, Indonesia.
  • Submitted16-04-2021|

  • Accepted18-09-2021|

  • First Online 30-10-2021|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-625

Cite article:- Adie M.M., Sundari T., Wijanarko A., Purwaningrahayu R.D., Krisnawati A. (2022). Identification of Pod Shattering Resistance and Associations between Agronomic Characters in Soybean using Genotype by Trait Biplot. Legume Research. 45(1): 18-24. doi: 10.18805/LR-625.
Background: Pod shattering has become the major problem in soybean production. The research aims to identify the pod shattering resistance and to assess the agronomic performances of 50 soybean genotypes and the association among agronomic characters.
Methods: The research materials were 50 soybean genotypes which consisted of 47 lines derived from routine crossing programs and three check cultivars. The field experiment was arranged in a randomized block design with two replications. The data were observed for yield and its component traits. The oven-dry method was performed in the laboratory to assess the pod shattering resistance. 
Result: Variation among genotypes was found in the pod shattering resistance and agronomic characters. The genotype by trait biplot graph showed that pod shattering was negatively correlated with the days to maturity and plant height, but positively correlated with the seed size. Soybean genotypes of Grob/G100H-1-588 and G100H/Mhmr-4-993 were resistant to pod shattering and have a high seed weight per plant. These genotypes were potential for further varietal development or could be used as gene sources in the soybean improvement program for pod shattering resistance.

  1. Al-Naggar, A.M.M., Shafik, M.M. and Musa, R.Y.M. (2020). Genetic diversity based on morphological traits of 19 maize genotypes using principal component analysis and GT biplot. Annual Research and Review in Biology. 35: 68-85.

  2. Atnaf, M., Tesfaye, K., Dagne, K. and Wegary, D. (2017). Genotype by trait biplot analysis to study associations and profiles of Ethiopian white lupin (Lupinus albus L.) landraces. Australian Journal of Crops Science. 11(1): 55-62.

  3. AVRDC (Asian Vegetable Research and Development Centre). (1979). Soybean Report. Shanhwa, Taiwan, Republic of China. 

  4. Bara, N., Khare, D. and Srivastava, A.N. (2013). Studies on the factors affecting pod shattering in soybean. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding. 73(3): 270-277.

  5. Barate, P.L., Chimote, V.P., Deshmukh, M.P. and Kulkarni, A.A. (2018). Screening of different soybean genotypes Glycine max (L.) Merrill for pod shattering trait. Journal of Agriculture Research and Technology. 43: 517-521.

  6. Fatima, U.A., Mohammed, M.S., Oyekunle, M., Abdulmalik, M.M., and Usman, A. (2020). Screening soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] genotypes for resistance to pod shattering in Zaria, Nigeria. FUDMA Journal of Sciences. 4(1): 727-731.

  7. Ige, G.O., Chigeza, G., Chander, S., Abebe, A.T., Ojo, D.K. and Akoroda, M. (2021). Genetic assessment of combining ability for seed-yield and its related traits in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill]. Legume Research. 44: 21-25.

  8. Krisnawati, A. and Adie, M.M. (2017). Variability on morphological characters associated with pod shattering. Biodiversitas. 18: 73-77.

  9. Krisnawati, A. and Adie, M.M. (2019). Genetic variability of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] genotypes for pod shattering resistance. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 293: 012003.

  10. Krisnawati, A., Soegianto, A., Waluyo, B., Adie, M.M., Mejaya, M.J. and Kuswanto (2021). Pod positions on the plant associated with pod shattering resistance in soybean genotypes. Legume Research. DOI: 10.18805/LR-588.

  11. Krisnawati, A., Soegianto, A., Waluyo, B., Kuswanto. (2020). The pod shattering resistance of soybean lines based on the shattering incidence and severity. Czech Journal Genetics of Plant Breeding. 56: 111-122.

  12. Kumar, S., Kumari, V. and Kumar, V. (2020). Genetic variability and character association studies for seed yield and component characters in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] under North-Western Himalayas. Legume Research. 43: 507-511.

  13. Lee, I., Seo, M., Park, M.R., Kim, N., Yi, G., Lee, Y., Kim, M., Lee, B.W. and Yun, Y. (2020). Yield and seed quality changes according to delayed harvest with rainfall treatment in soybean (Glycine max L.). Korean Journal of Crop Science. 65: 353-364.

  14. Li, M., Liu, Y., Wang, C., Yang, X., Li, D., Zhang, X., Xu, C., Zhang, Y., Li, W. and Zhao, L. (2020). Identification of traits contributing to high and stable yields in different soybean varieties across three Chinese latitudes. Frontiers Plant Science. 10: 1642.

  15. Nevhudzholi, K.M., Gwata, E.T., and Mchau, G.R.A. (2020). A genetic study of pod shattering resistance in F2 soybean (Glycine max) germplasm. South African Journal of Plant and Science. 37: 174-176.

  16. Oliviera, T.R.A., Gravina, G.A., Oliviera, G.H.F., Araujo, K.C., Araujo, L.C., Daher, R.F., Vivas, M., Gravina, L.M. and Cruz, D.P. (2018). The GT biplot analysis of green bean traits. Ciencia Rural, Santa Maria. 48: 06.

  17. Paramesh, M., Reddy, D.M., Priya, S., Sumathi, P., Sudhakar, P., and Reddy, K.H.P. (2016). GT biplot analysis for yield and drought related traits in mung bean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek]. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding. 7: 538-543.

  18. Priya, L., Pillai, M.A. and Shoba, D. (2021). Genetic divergence, variability, and correlation studies in black gram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper]. Legume Research. 44: 36-40.

  19. RStudio Team. (2020). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. Retrieved from https://www.R-project.org/.

  20. Seo, J.H., Han, W.Y., Baek, I.Y., Kim, H.S., Kim, H.T., Kang, B.K., Ko, J.M., Yun, H.T., Lee, B.W., Oh, J.H., Shin, S.O. and Kwak, D.Y. (2020). Lodging and pod shattering tolerance of large-seeded black soybean cultivar ‘Taecheong’. Korean Journal of Breeding Science. 52: 426-432.

  21. Sharifi, P. and Ebadi, A.A. (2018). Relationships of rice yield and quality based on genotype by trait (GT) biplot. Annals of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences. 90: 343-356.

  22. Sulistyo, A., Purwantoro, Mejaya, M.J., Nugrahaeni, N. and Suhartina (2021). Determination of genetic parameters of seed characteristics in edible soybean. Legume Research. DOI: 10.18805/LR-585.

  23. Thakare, D.S., Chimote, V.P., Adsul, A., Deshmukh, A.P. and Pulate, S.C. (2017). Molecular tagging of pod shattering tolerance trait in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] genotype MACS- 450. Legume Research. 40(2): 224-231.

  24. Tiwari, S. and Bhatnagar, P. (1991). Pod shattering as related to other agronomic attributes in soybean. Tropical Agriculture (Trinidad). 68: 102-103.

  25. Umar, F.A., Mohammed, M.S., Oyekunie, M., Usman, I.S., Ishaq, M.N. and Dachi, S.N. (2017). Estimates of combining ability for resistance to pod shattering in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] genotypes. Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science. 9: 217-223.

  26. Yahaya, S.U. and Ankrumah, E. (2017). Character association and path coefficient analysis for yield components and grain yield in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merill.]. Legume Research. 40: 630-634

  27. Yan, W. and Kang, M.S. (2003). GGE-biplot Analysis: A Graphical Tool for Breeders, Geneticists and agronomists. CRD Press, Boca Raton.

  28. Yan, W. and Rajcan, I.R. (2002). Biplot analysis of test sites and trait relations of soybean in Ontario. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 42: 11-20.

  29. Yan, W. and Tinker, N.A. (2006). Biplot analysis of multi environment trial data: Principles and applications. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 86: 623-645.

Editorial Board

View all (0)