Loading...

​Effect of Genotype and Sowing Period on Chickpea Quality, Bioactive and Antioxidant Traits

DOI: 10.18805/LR-602    | Article Id: LR-602 | Page : 1026-1031
Citation :- ​Effect of Genotype and Sowing Period on Chickpea Quality, Bioactive and Antioxidant Traits.Legume Research.2021.(44):1026-1031
A. Koskosidis, E. Khah, A. Mavromatis, M. Irakli, D.N. Vlachostergios vlachostergios@gmail.com
Address : Hellenic Agricultural Organization Demeter, Institute of Industrial and Forage Crops, 41335, Larissa, Greece.
Submitted Date : 5-12-2020
Accepted Date : 5-06-2021

Abstract

Background: Climate change is expected to be a major constraint for chickpea as it increases the frequency of drought and temperature extremes. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of drought and heat stress conditions on chickpeas’ physical, quality and bioactive traits, along with antioxidant activity of five chickpea genotypes in normal and late sowning conditions.
Methods: Field trials were carried out at Institute of Industrial and Forage Crops. All the five genotypes were planted at two different sowing dates, one during the normal sowing period (February 28, 2019) and one off-season (April 1, 2019) in order to achieve dry-heat conditions during the chickpea’s critical stages of off-season sowing.
Result: Sowing period significantly affected cooking time and bioactive traits, resulted in decreased cooking time and increased bioactive traits values, in the later sowing period. Genotype’s effects were significant for all the traits studied. Amorgos appeared to be a promising variety with high nutritive value as it showed the highest values in terms of bioactive traits and antioxidant activity in both sowing periods, combined with low cooking time and high protein content at the off-season sowing.

Keywords

​Antioxidant Climate change Genotypic effect Off-season sowing Varieties

References

  1. Alajaji, S.A., El-Adawy, T.A. (2006). Nutritional composition of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) as affected by microwave cooking and other traditional cooking methods. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. 19: 806-812.
  2. Brankovic, G., Dragičević, V., Dodig, D., Zorić, M., Knežević, D., Žilić, S., Denčić, S., Šurlan, G. (2015). Genotype × Environment interaction for antioxidants and phytic acid contents in bread and durum wheat as influenced by climate. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research. 75(2): 139-146.
  3. Cobos, M.J., Izquierdo, I., Sanz, M.A., Tomas, A., Gil, J., Flores, F. and Rubio, J. (2016). Genotype and environment effects on sensory, nutritional and physical traits in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research. 14(4), e0709: 10 p.
  4. Dehal, I.B., Kalia, R. and Kumar, B. (2016). Genetic estimates and path coefficient analysis in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under normal and late sown environments. Legume Research. 39: 510-516.
  5. Frimpong, A., Sinha, A., Tar’an, B., Warkentin, T.D., Gossen, B. and Chibbar, R.N. (2009). Genotype and growing environment influence chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) seed composition. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 89: 2052- 2063. 
  6. Horwitz, W. and Latimer, G.W. (2005). Official methods of analysis of AOAC International. Gaithersburg, Md.: AOAC International, 2005.
  7. Iliadis, C. (2003). Influence of genotype and soil type on cooking time in lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus). International Journal of Food Science and Technology. 38: 89-93.
  8. Kaur, G., Kumar, S., Nayyar, H. and Upadhyaya, H.D. (2008). Cold stress injury during the pod-filling phase in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.): Effects on quantitative and qualitative components of seeds. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science. 194: 457-464.
  9. Kaur, M., Singh, N. and Sodhi, N.S. (2005). Physicochemical, cooking, textural and roasting characteristics of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars. Journal of Food Engineering. 69: 511-517.
  10. Khattak, A.B., Khattak, G.S.S., Mehmood, Z., Bibi, N. and Ihsanullah, I. (2006). Study of selected quality and agronomic characteristics and their interrelationship in kabuli-type chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes. International Journal of Food Science and Technology. 41: 1-5.
  11. Kumar, R., Appunu, C., Mahadeviah, C., Sreenivasa, V., Waldia, R.S., Meena, M.R., Chhabra, M.L. (2013). Impact of ascochyta blight disease on the expression of biochemical compounds in chickpea. Legume Research. 36: 268-70.
  12. Makkar, H.P.S., Bluemmel, M., Borowy, N.K., Becker, K. (1993). Gravimetric determination of tannins and their correlation with chemical and protein precipitation method. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 61: 161-165.
  13. Nikolopoulou, D., Grigorakis, K., Stasini, M., Alexis, M. and Iliadis, K. (2006). Effects of cultivation area and year on proximate composition and antinutrients in three different kabuli- type chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties. European Food Research and Technology. 223: 737-741.
  14. Patel, P.K., Hermantaranjan, A., Sarma, B.K. and Singh, R. (2013). Growth and antioxidant system under drought stress in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) as sustained by salicylic acid. Journal of Stress Physiology and Biochemistry. 7(4): 130-144.
  15. Primi, R., Ruggeri, R., Ronchi, B., Bernabucci, U., Rossini, F., Martin- Pedrosa, M. and Paolo Danieli, P.P. (2019). Sowing date and seeding rate affect bioactive compound contents of chickpea grains. Animals. 9(8): 571.
  16. Re, R., Pellegrini, N., Proteggente, A., Pannala, A., Yang, M. and Rice-Evans, C.A. (1999). Antioxidant activity applying an improved ABTS radical cation decolorization assay. Free Radical Biology and Medicine. 26: 1231-1237.
  17. Ruggeri, R., Primi, R., Danieli, P.P., Ronchi, B., Rossini, F. (2017). Effects of seeding date and seeding rate on yield, proximate composition and total tannins content of two Kabuli chickpea cultivars. Italian Journal of Agronomy. 12: 207-207.
  18. Singh, U.B., Erskine, W., Robertson, L.D., Nakkoul, H. and Williams, P.C. (1988). Influence of pretreatment on cooking quality parameters of dry food legumes. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 44: 135-142.
  19. Singleton, V.L., Orthofer, R., Lamuela-Raventos, R.M. (1999). Analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of Folin-Ciocalteu reagents. Methods in Enzymology. 299: 152-178.
  20. Williams, P.C., Nakoul, H., Singh, K.B. (1983). Relationship between cooking time and some physical characteristics in chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 34: 492-496.
  21. Wood, J.A., Knights, E.J., Harden, S. (2008): Milling performance in desi-type chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Effects of genotype, environment and seed size. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 88: 108-115.
  22. Yucel, D. (2018). Response of chickpea genotype to drought stress under normal and late sown condition. Legume Research. 41(6): 885-890.

Global Footprints