Effect of Soil Available Phosphorus Levels on Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) - Rhizobia Symbiotic Association

DOI: 10.18805/LR-524    | Article Id: LR-524 | Page : 878-883
Citation :- Effect of Soil Available Phosphorus Levels on Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) - Rhizobia Symbiotic Association.Legume Research.2020.(43):878-883
Khadraji Ahmed, Mohammed Bouhadi, Ghoulam Cherk khadraji_ahmed@yahoo.fr
Address : Depatment of Biology Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Cadi Ayyad University, PO.Box 549, Gueliz, Marrakech, Morocco.
Submitted Date : 10-09-2019
Accepted Date : 5-06-2020


Background: Growing chickpea (Cicer arietinum) plants is affected by several environmental constraints   as osmotic stress and nutrients deficiency particularly phosphorus (P). For other legume species, it was confirmed that P deficiency affects negatively their rhizobial symbiosis. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of soil available P level on chickpea-rhizobia symbiosis under field conditions at Oualidia region of Morocco.
Methods: Ten farmers’ fields with different soil available P levels were considered to carry out this study based on samples of 10 plants per plot. 
Result: The results showed that the plants from soil 7, with the lowest pH and the highest available P level (23.52ppm), presented high shoot dry weight (38.3 g/plant). Meanwhile the soil 5 with the lowest available P content showed low plant growth. The shoot P content was positively linked to soil P level but nodule biomass showed an irregular variation with soil available P level. Furthermore, it was confirmed that adequate plant P nutrition results in high chickpea yield and it was the case for plants from soil 7 presenting a mean yield of 62 seeds per plant). Finally, strong correlation was noted between yield and phosphorus concentration in soil (r=0.94).


Available phosphorus Chickpea Nodules Soil Yield


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