Biochemical Composition of Lathyrus L. Seeds: Antioxidant Activities, Phenolic Profiles, β-ODAP and Protein Contents

DOI: 10.18805/LR-516    | Article Id: LR-516 | Page : 723-727
Citation :- Biochemical Composition of Lathyrus L. Seeds: Antioxidant Activities, Phenolic Profiles, β-ODAP and Protein Contents.Legume Research-An International Journal.2020.(43):723-727
S. Ozbek Yazici, I. Ozmen, B. Yildirim, H. Genc, B. Ozeloglu, M. Gülsün, H. Elmas and S. Ozcaka sozbekyazici@hotmail.com
Address : Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Burdur Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Istiklal Yerleskesi, Burdur, 15100, Turkey.
Submitted Date : 4-07-2019
Accepted Date : 17-10-2019

Abstract

Lathyrus taxa are used in different areas including nutritive, agricultural areas, and they are seen as the source of both protein and phenolics. Lathyrus taxa seeds contain a neurotoxic substance called β-N-oxalyl-l-β,β-diaminopropionic acid (β-ODAP) in different amounts. Lathyrus species grown in Turkey is reported to have low β-ODAP and high protein content. In this study, antioxidant activities, phenolic profiles, β-ODAP and protein contents of six Lathyrus taxa were investigated. Total phenolic content (TPC) in Lathyrus taxa used was ranging from 0.17±0.05 to 5.10±0.02. The antioxidant activities were observed in a wide interval that IC50 values were between 7.05±0.11 to 1.15±0.08 mg/mL. The highest TPC and antioxidant activity were recorded for L. clymenum. In HPLC analysis, gallic, p-hydroxybenzoic, caffeic, chlorogenic acid and epicatechin in all of the extracts were determined. Also, β-ODAP and protein contents in seeds of the Lathyrus taxa were found between 0.20–1.18 mg/g and 22.66–29.74%, respectively. β-ODAP contents of investigated Layhyrus taxa were within the safe consumption range in terms of health (<2.00 mg/g). The investigated Lathyrus taxa were found to be excellent protein sources with low β-ODAP content and contain natural antioxidants. As a result, this study has provided important data for wild Lathyrus taxa to be used as a cheap protein source and functional food for promoting health.

Keywords

β-ODAP Lathyrus L. Phenolic profile Protein content.

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