Effect of Bacterial Inoculation and Different Phosphorus Doses on Yield Components and Yield of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

DOI: 10.18805/LR-515    | Article Id: LR-515 | Page : 446-451
Citation :- Effect of Bacterial Inoculation and Different Phosphorus Doses on Yield Components and Yield of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.).Legume Research-An International Journal.2020.(43):446-451
N. Bildirici  numanbildirici@gmail.com
Address : Yüzüncü Yıl University, Gevaş Vocational School of Higher Education, 65700 Gevaş-Van, Turkey.
Submitted Date : 4-07-2019
Accepted Date : 22-11-2019

Abstract

This research was carried out in 2014-15 to determine yield and yield components of Azkan chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties with four different phosphorus doses and rhizobium bacteria in Van-Gevaº ecological conditions. The experiment was established as a randomized block design with three replications. The results of the research indicated that inoculation and phosphorus doses affected plant height, height of first pods, number of branches per plant, number of pods per plant, number of grain per plant and grain yield significantly. Grain yield averages ranged between 1556.10-1682.30 kg ha-1 in the first year and 1628.90-1677.30 kg ha-1 in the second year. When the results of inoculation and phosphorus doses were examined, the highest grain yield in both the years (1894.90-1867.70 kg ha-1, respectively) was obtained with 80 kg ha-1 phosphorus doses applied to inoculated plots. Increases in inoculation and phosphorus doses increased the grain yield.

Keywords

Chickpea Nitrogen Phosphorus Yield Components Yield

References

  1. Adiloðlu, A. and Adiloðlu S. (2005). An Invertigation on nutritional problems of hazelnut (Corylus avellana) grown in acid soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 36: 2219-2226.
  2. Akdað, C. (1990). Bakteri (Rhizobium ssp.) aþýlama, azot dozlarý ve ekim sýklýðýnýn nohut (Cicer arietinum L.)’un verim ve verim unsurlarýna etkileri. Ankara Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Doktora Tezi, Türkiye
  3. Connor, D.J., Loomis, R.S., Cassman, K.G. (2011). Crop ecology productivity and management in agricultural systems second edition, Cambridge, pp. 562.
  4. Çetin, S. H. and Öztürk, Ö. (2012). Soyada farklý fosfor dozlarýnýn verim ve verim unsurlarý üzerine etkisi. Tarým Bilimleri Araþtýrma Dergisi. 5: 157-161.
  5. Dahiya, S., Singh, M., Singh, M. (1993). Relative growth performance of chickpea genotypes to irrigation and fertilizers application. Haryana Journal of Agronomy. 9:172-175.
  6. Düzgüneþ, O., Kesici, T., Koyuncu, O., Gürbüz, F. (1987). Araþtýrma ve deneme metotlarý. AÜ, Ziraat Fak. Yayýnlarý: 1021 Ders Kitabý. 295:381.
  7. Erdin, F. and Kulaz, H. (2014). Van-Gevaþ ekolojik koþullarýnda bazý nohut (Cicer arietinum L.) çeºitlerinin ikinci ürün olarak yetiºtirilmesi. Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Science. 1: 910- 914.
  8. Fehr, W.R. (1987). Genotyp x enviroment interaction. principles of cultivar development, Vol: I. Theory and Tecnique (Ed. W.R. Fehr). Macmillan Publishing Company, New York. 1: 247-260.
  9. Havlin, J.L., Tisdale, S.L., Nelson, L.N., Beaton, J.D. (2004). Soil fertility and fertilizers: an introduction to nutrient management, 7th Edition. Prentice Hall. pp 528, ISBN:10-013027824.
  10. Hernandez, L.G. and Hill, G.D. (1983). Effect of plant population and inoculation on yield and yield components of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Proceedings. Agronomy Society of New Zealand. 13: 75-79.
  11. Islam, R. (1981). Nodulation aspects of winter-planted chickpeas. Proceedings of The Workshop on Ascochyta Blight and Winter Sowing of Chickpeas. Aleppo (Syria). 4-7 May 1981.
  12. Kumbhare, N.V., Dubey, S.K., Nain, M. S., Bahal, R. (2014). Micro analysis of yield gap and profitability in pulses and cereals. Legume Research-An International Journal. 37: 532-536.
  13. Lal, B., Rana, K.S., Rana, D.S., Gautam, P., Shivay, Y.S., Ansari, M.A., and Kumar, K. (2014). Influence of intercropping, moisture conservation practice and P and S levels on growth, nodulation and yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under rainfed condition. Legume Research. 37: 300-305.
  14. Lynch, J. (1995). Root architecture and plant productivity. Plant Physiol. 109:7-13.
  15. Meena, L.R., Singh, R.K., Gautam, R.C. (2006). Effect of moisture conservation practices, phosphorus levels and bacterial inoculation on growth, yield and economics of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Legume Research. 29: 68-72.
  16. Mimura, T., Dietz, K.J., Kaiser, W., Schramm, M., Kaiser, G., Heber, U. (1990). Phosphate transport across biomembranes and cytosolic phosphate homeostasis in barley leaves. Planta. 180: 139–146.
  17. Pingoliya, K.K., Mathur, A.K., Dotaniya, M.L., Jajoria, D.K., Narolia, G.P. (2013). Effect of phosphorus and iron levels on growth and yield attributes of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under agroclimatic zone IV a of Rajasthan, India. Legume Research. 37: 537-541.
  18. Rathore, A.L. and Patel, S.L. (1991). Response of late sown chickpea to method of sowing, seed rate and fertilizer. Indian J. of Agron. 36: 180-183, India.
  19. Rupela, O.P. and Rao, J.V.D. (1987). Effects of drought, temperature and salinity on symbiotic nitrogen fixation in legumes, with emphasis on chickpea and pigeonpea. Adaptation of Chickpea and Pigeonpea to Abiotic Stresses: Proceedings of the Consultants Workshop. Patancheru, A.P. (India). ICRISAT. pp. 123-131.
  20. Sharma, A.K., Haribendra, S., Sushil., S., Singh,. H., Singh, S. (1989). Response of Cicer arietinum L. to rhizobial and N fertilization. Indian J. of Agron. 34:381-383. India.
  21. Schachtman, D.P., Reid, R.J., Ayling, S. M. (1998). Phosphorus uptake by plants: from soil to cell. Plant Physiol. 116:447-453.
  22. Taban, S., Ýbrikçi, H., Ortaþ, Ý., Karaman, M. R., Orhan, Y., Güneri, A. (2005). Türkiye’ de gübre üretimi ve kullanýmý. Türkiye Ziraat Mühendisliði Kongresi Bildiri Kitabý, Ankara. 2:847-867.
  23. Theodorous, M. and Plaxton, W. (1993). Metabolic adaptations of plant respiration to nutritional phosphate deprivation. Plant Physiol. 101: 339-344.
  24. Yaðmur, M. and Engin, M. (2005). Nohut (Cicer arietinum L.)’ta fosfor ve azot dozlarý ile bakteri (Rhizobium ciceri) aþýlamanýn bazý morfolojik özellikler ile tane verimi üzerine etkileri ve bazý bitkisel özellikler arasýndaki iliþkiler. Yüzüncü Yýl Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi, Tarým Bilimleri Dergisi (J. Agric. Sci.). 15: 103-112.
  25. Varoglu, H. and Abak, K. (2019). Effect of sowing dates on yield and quality characteristics of chickpea varieties under Mediterranean climate conditions. Legume Research-An International Journal. 42: 360-364.
  26. Vadavia, A.T., Kalaria, K.K., Patel, J.C., Baldha,. N.M. (1991). Influence of organic, inorganic and biofertilizers on growth yield on nodulation of chickpea. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 36: 263-264.
  27. Vincent, J.M. (1970). Manual for the Practical Study of the Root-    nodule Bacteria. I.B.P. Handbook No 15. Blackwell Scientific Pub. Oxfort: pp.164.

Global Footprints