Legume Research

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Legume Research, volume 45 issue 10 (october 2022) : 1287-1294

​​Assessment of Multiple Tolerance Indices for Moisture Stress in Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.)

M. Choudhary, O. Kumar, D.K. Gothwal, M. Bajya, B.K. Dadrwal, V.P. Singh
1Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221 005, Uttar Pradesh, India.
  • Submitted09-04-2022|

  • Accepted17-05-2022|

  • First Online 19-05-2022|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-4939

Cite article:- Choudhary M., Kumar O., Gothwal D.K., Bajya M., Dadrwal B.K., Singh V.P. (2022). ​​Assessment of Multiple Tolerance Indices for Moisture Stress in Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). Legume Research. 45(10): 1287-1294. doi: 10.18805/LR-4939.
Background: Drought and moisture stress is the most limiting factor affecting growth and productivity of crop plants. The genotypes may differ in their ability to withstand drought or moisture stress. Therefore, the research was carried out to identify suitable genotypes in moisture stress environments. 
Methods: The forty eight genotypes of fenugreek were planted in randomized block design with three replications under two environmental conditions namely, (i) normal irrigation (E1) and (ii) staggered irrigation (E2) during rabi 2016-2017. Eight stress tolerance indices viz., stress tolerance (TOL), stress susceptibility index (SSI), stress tolerance index (STI), mean production (MP), geometric mean production (GMP), yield index (YI), stress susceptibility percentage index (SSPI) and modified stress tolerance index (MSTI) were calculated based on seed yield under moisture stress (Ys) and non-stress condition (Yp). The correlation coefficient and mean rank of stress indices were calculated to identify the moisture stress tolerant genotypes. 
Result: The seed yield under non-stress condition (Yp) had significant positive association with TOL, SSI, STI, MP, GMP, SSPI and K1STI. The seed yield under stress condition (Ys) had significant positive association with STI, MP, GMP, YI and K2STI, while significant negative association with TOL, SSI and SSPI. The results showed that MP, GMP and STI indices were more effective in identifying high yielding genotypes in both stress and non-stress conditions while TOL, SSI, YI and SSPI under moisture stress condition. Based upon the mean seed yield and stress tolerance indices, the genotypes UM-124, UM-60, UM-55, UM-28 and UM-4 were found tolerant to staggered irrigation conditions. Hence, these genotypes may be used further in breeding programmes for moisture stress tolerance.

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