Effects of Microalga (Chlorella vulgaris Beijerinck) on Seconder Metabolites and Antioxidative Defense System Improve Plant Growth and Salt Tolerance in Guar [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.]

DOI: 10.18805/LR-492    | Article Id: LR-492 | Page : 56-60
Citation :- Effects of Microalga (Chlorella vulgaris Beijerinck) on Seconder Metabolites and Antioxidative Defense System Improve Plant Growth and Salt Tolerance in Guar [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.].Legume Research-An International Journal.2020.(43):56-60
Alpaslan Kusvuran and A.G. Can akusvuran@gmail.com
Address : Department of Park and Garden Plants, Cankiri Karatekin University, Cankiri-18100, Turkey.
Submitted Date : 10-04-2019
Accepted Date : 26-09-2019

Abstract

Microalgae, such as Chlorella vulgaris, are beneficial microscopic organisms that may result in a plant having improved nutrient uptake, growth and abiotic stress tolerance. In this study, the application of microalga significantly increased the shoot length and fresh and dry weights; leaf number and area and photosynthetic pigments of guar plants when compared to those under salt stress alone. In addition, following the above-mentioned procedures, there were significant increases in the total phenolic (60.70%), flavonoid (174.80%), K+ (30.6%) and Ca2+ (36.10%) ion contents and ascorbate peroxidase (55.98%), catalase (256.45%), glutathione reductase (63.57%) and superoxide dismutase (113.58%) enzyme activities. However, the malondialdehyde (49.63%), Na+ (41.09%) and Cl– (37.10%) ion contents were significantly decreased. Hence, the results supported the administration of a foliar application of microalga in order to increase the guar plant’s defense system, enabling it to tolerate the negative effects resulting from salinity.

Keywords

Antioxidative enzyme activity Green algae Ion regulation Oxidative stress Superoxide dismutase

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