Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 43 issue 3 (june 2020) : 440-445

Screening of 25 cowpea genotypes for resistance to Megalurothrips sjostedti Trybom in southern Ghana

Patrick Bonney, John Saviour Yaw Eleblu, Vincent Eziah
1West Africa Centre for Crop Improvement, College of Basic and Applied Science, University of Ghana, PMB LG 30, Legon, Accra, Ghana.
  • Submitted22-01-2019|

  • Accepted23-07-2019|

  • First Online 04-10-2019|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-477

Cite article:- Bonney Patrick, Eleblu Yaw Saviour John, Eziah Vincent (2019). Screening of 25 cowpea genotypes for resistance to Megalurothrips sjostedti Trybom in southern Ghana. Legume Research. 43(3): 440-445. doi: 10.18805/LR-477.
In sub-Saharan Africa, Megalurothrips sjostedti Trybom are the most destructive insect pest of cowpea. It causes approximately 100% reduction in cowpea yield. Synthetic insecticides are widely used in controlling this pest, however, health and environmental hazards are another challenge. This study sought to evaluate 25 cowpea genotypes from Ghana, Mali, Nigeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Togo and South-Sudan for resistance to this pest under field screening using a 5 by 5 alpha lattice design with 2 checks at University of Ghana farms. The results revealed Laduni 1B as resistant, 20 moderately resistant and 4 susceptible genotypes were also identified in this study. In the determination of correlated and non-correlated variables, ten traits were reported important to the resistance of cowpea genotypes to flower bud thrips. The genotypes with resistance could be used to introgress the resistant trait into other preferred but susceptible cowpea varieties.
  1. Abudulai, M., Salifu, A. B. and Mohammed, H. (2006). Screening of cowpea for resistance to the flower bud thrips, Megalurothrips sjostedti Trybom (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Journal of Applied Sciences. 6 (7): 1621-1624.
  2. Agbahoungba, S., Jeninah, K., Arfang, B., Kassim, S., Paul, G., Richard, E., Achille, E. A. and Patrick R. R., (2018). Inheritance of cowpea resistance to flower thrips in Uganda Germplasm. Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science. 10 (1): 21–32.
  3. Agbahoungba, S., Karungi, J., Odong, T. L. and Badji, A. (2017). Stability and extent of resistance of cowpea lines to flower bud thrips. African Crop Science Journal. 25: 1-24. https://doi.org/10.4314/acsj.v25i1.1 
  4. Alabi, O. Y., Odebiyi, J. A.and Jackai, L. E. N. (2003). Field evaluation of cowpea cultivars [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] for resistance to flower bud thrips (Megalurothrips sjostedti Trybom) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). International Journal of Pest Management. 49 (4): 287-291.
  5. Aliyu, O. M.and Makinde, B. O. (2016). Phenotypic analysis of seed yield and yield components in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L., Walp). Plant Breeding and Biotechnology. 4 (2): 252-261.
  6. Doumbia, I. Z. (2016). Genetic improvement of cowpea for resistance to thrips (Megalurothrips sjostedti) in Mali. Ph.D Thesis WACCI-University of Ghana, Legon.
  7. Hall, A. E., Singh, B. B. and Ehlers, J. D. (1997). Cowpea breeding. [Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons]. Plant Breed Reviews. 15: 215–274.
  8. Jackai, L. E. N. and Singh, S. R. (1988). Screening techniques for host plant resistance to insect pest of cowpea. Crop Grain Legume Bulletin. 35: 2–18.
  9. Makoi J. H. J. R., Belane A. K., Chimphango S. B. M. and Dakora F. D. (2010). Seed flavonoids and anthocyanins as markers of enhanced plant defence in nodulated cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.). Field Crops Research. 118: 21–27.
  10. Morse, J. G. and Hoddle, M. S. (2006). Invasion biology of Thrips. Annual Review of Entomology. 516: 7-8.
  11. Ngakou, A., Tamo, M., Parh, I. A., Nwaga, D., Ntonifor, N. N., Korie, S.and Nebane, C. L. N. (2008). Management of cowpea flower thrips, Megalurothrips sjostedti (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), in Cameroon. Crop Protection. 27(3): 481-488.
  12. Omo-Ikerodah, E. E., Fatokun, C. A. and Fawole, I. (2009). Genetics analysis of resistance to flower bud thrips (Megalurothrips sjostedti) in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.). Euphytica, 165: 143-154.
  13. Singh S. R. and Allen D. J. (1985). Pest, diseases, resistance and protection of Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. In: Advances in Legume Science. [Summerffield R. J., Bunting H. H. (Eds.)]. Royal Botanical Gardens and Ministry of Agriculture, Fish and Food, London, 419-434.
  14. Ta’ama, M., Price, M., Asema, J. and Mamewe, J. (1981). Evaluation of five insecticide on insect damage and yield of cowpea in Tanzania. Crop Research Bulletin. 1: 18-22.
  15. Taylor, T. A. (1969). Preliminary studies on the integrated control of the pest complex on cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.), in Nigeria. Journal of Economic Entomology. 62: 900–902. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)