Loading...

Nutrient Use Efficiency and Productivity of Field Pea (Pisum sativum L.) Influenced by Combined Nitrogen and Sulphur Application 

DOI: 10.18805/LR-4753    | Article Id: LR-4753 | Page : 497-501
Citation :- Nutrient Use Efficiency and Productivity of Field Pea (Pisum sativum L.) Influenced by Combined Nitrogen and Sulphur Application.Legume Research.2022.(45):497-501
Waseem Raja, M. Anwar Bhat, B.A. Allie, Intikhab A. Jehangir, Ashaq Hussain, A.A. Saad, M. Salim Mir waseemra1@gmail.com
Address : Division of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Wadura, Sher-i-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology Kashmir, Srinagar-190 025, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Submitted Date : 29-07-2021
Accepted Date : 2-11-2021

Abstract

Background: Field pea usually grows in the cold areas of the world unlike the other major pulses of the world. India is one of the largest producers of field pea (8.11 lakh tonnes) in the world on an area of 6.06 lakh hectares (FAOSTAT, 2019). The productivity of field pea is 13.37 q/ha which is quite low compared to France (40.4 q/ha), Italy (30.99 q/ha), Japan (24.8 q/ha) and USA (23.8 q/ha) (FAOSTAT, 2019). One of the reason for low productivity of field pea in India besides other aspects is imbalanced use of fertilizers. However, to apply chemical fertilizers especially nitrogen causes environment pollution. Thus the present study was undertaken to investigate combined effect of sulphur and nitrogen on field pea to increase the productivity and to reduce nitrogen rate. 
Methods: Field experiment were carried out at Faculty of Agriculture, Wadura, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology Kashmir, India during Rabi 2016-17 and 2017-18 under rainfed conditions. The experiment was laid out in factorial RBD with three levels of nitrogen (N0= 0 kg/ha, N1 = 15 kg/ha, N2 = 30 kg/ha) and four levels of sulphur (S0 = 0 kg/ha, S1 = 15 kg/ha, S2 = 30 kg/ha, S3= 45 kg/ha) with three replications. Field pea variety Shalimar Pea-1 was sown with row to row spacing of 30 cm. During both the years, the crop was sown on 2nd week of October and harvested at physiological maturity.
Result: Application 30 kg S/ha and 15 kg N/ha recorded significantly higher seed yield of field pea. Similarly the agronomic efficiency and yield attributing characters were also found significantly higher with application of 30 kg S/ha and 15 kg N/ha. Further increasing levels of sulphur and nitrogen application do not significantly improved seed yield of field-pea. Similar trend was recorded in yield contributing character and agronomic efficiency. 

Keywords

Field pea Interaction Nitrogen Sulphur

References

  1. Bhat, T.A., Gupta, M., Ganai, M.A., Ahanger, R.A. and Bhat, H.A. (2013). Yield, soil health and nutrient utilization of field pea (Pisum sativum L.) as affected by phosphorus and biofertilizers under subtropical conditions of Jammu. International Journal of Modern Plant and Animal Science. 1(1): 1-8.
  2. Chandra, D. and Khaldelwal, R.B. (2009). Effect of P and S nutrition on yield and quality of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science. 57: 352-356.
  3. Devasenapathy, P., Senthilkumar, G. and Shanmugam (2009). Energy management in crop production. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 54(1): 80-90.
  4. Dobermann, A. (2007). Nutrient use Efficiency - Measurement and Management. In “IFA International Workshop on Fertilizer Best Management Practices”, Brussels, Belgium: 1-28.
  5. FAOSTAT. (2019). http//www.fao.org/faostat/en/#ho.
  6. Fazli, I.S., Jamal, A., Ahmad, S., Masoodi, M., Khan, J.S. and Abdin, M.Z. (2008). Interactive effect of sulphur and nitrogen on nitrogen accumulation and harvest in oilseed crops differing in nitrogen assimilation potential. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 31: 1203-1220.
  7. Gan, Y.T., Liu, P.H., Sterveson, F.C. and Mcdonald, C.L. (2004). Inter-relationships among yield components of Chickpea In semi-arid environments. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 83(4): 759-767.
  8. Jamal, A., Fazli, I.S., Ahmad, S. and Abdin, M.Z. (2006). Interactive effect of nitrogen and sulphur on yield and quality of groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.). Korean Journal Crop Science. 51(6): 519-522
  9. Jamal, A., Fazli, I.S., Ahmad, S., Abdin, M.Z., Yun, S.J. (2005). Effect of sulphur and nitrogen application on growth characteristics, seed and oil yield of soybean cultivars. Korean Journal of Crop Science. 50(5): 340-345
  10. Khokhar, A.K., Bawa, S.S., Singh, S., Sharma, V., Sharma, S.C. (2018). Tillage and nutrient-management practices for improving productivity and soil physico-chemical properties in maize (Zea mays)-wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system under rainfed conditions in Kandi region of Punjab. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 63(3): 278-284.
  11. Lal, H., (2004). Effect of nitrogen and phosphorous on seed yield of pea (Pisum sativum L.) and French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Progressive Horticulture. 36(1): 150-151.
  12. Liu, J. and Diamond, J. (2005). China’s environment in a globalizing world. Nature. 435(7046): 1179-1186.
  13. Ma, Q., Yu, T., Shen, S.M., Zhou, H., Jiang, Z.S. and Xu, Y.G. (2010). Effects of fertilization on nutrient budget and nitrogen use efficiency of farmland soil under different precipitations in Northeastern China. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. 88(3): 315-327.
  14. Munshi, S.K., Juneja, R. and Juneja, R. (2001). Effect of sulphur on nitrogen assimilation, carbohydrates in nodules as well as leaves and lipids in kernels of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Journal of Plant Biology. 28: 189-198.
  15. Nannim, S., Kuberi, J.R. and Kumdet, A. (2018). The Performance of field pea (Pisum sativum L.) as influenced by nitrogen application and plant density in Vom Plateau State. International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research. 9(6): 484- 498.
  16. Nawange, D.D., Yadav, A.S. and Singh, R.V. (2011). Effect of phosphorus and sulphur application on growth, yield attributes and yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L). Legume Research. (34): 48-50.
  17. Nina, K.M., Ksenija, S.M., Rok, M., Marijan, N., Metka, H. and Jerneja, J. (2021). Nitrogen and sulphur fertilisation for marketable yields of cabbage [Brassica oleracea (L.) var. Capitata], leaf nitrate and glucosinolates and nitrogen losses studied in a field experiment in central slovenia. Plants. 10(1304): 2-16.
  18. Raja, W., Dar, S.A. and Hussain, Z. (2017). Agronomic evaluation of mungbean genotypes under delayed sowing conditions. Agricultural Science Digest. 37(4): 317-319.
  19. Ramesh, Negi, S.C., Rana, S.S. and Kumar, S. (2018). Effects of resource conservation technologies on productivity, nutrient  acquisition, employment generation and energetics of maize (Zea mays)-based cropping systems in North- Western Himalayan region. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 63(3): 285-292.
  20. Rao, C.S., Singh, K.K. and Masood, A. (2001). Sulphur: A key nutrient for higher pulse production. Fertiliser News. 46(10): 37-38.
  21. Saad, A.A., Das, T.K., Rana D.S., Sharma, A.R., Bhattacharyya, R., Lal, K. (2016). Energy auditing of a maize-wheat- greengram cropping system under conventional and conservation agriculture in irrigated north-western Indo- Gangetic Plains. Energy. 116: 293-305.
  22. Sinclair, T., Purcell, L. and Sneller, C. (2004). Crop transformation and the challenge to increase yield potential. Trends in Plant Science. 9: 70-75.
  23. Singh, D.K., Singh, G.D., Singh. R., Chaturvedi, S. and Singh, M. (2017). Himalayas farmer participatory evaluation of balanced application of nutrients in rice (Oryza sativa)- wheat (Triticum aestivum) system in Kumaon hills. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 62(4): 401-406.
  24. Tandon, H.L.S. and Messick, D.L. (2007). Practical of Sulphur Guide. The Sulphur Institute, Washington, D.C.: 1-2.

Global Footprints