Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu
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Increasing Productivity of Lentil (Lens culinaris) using Improved Varieties under Alluvial Soil of Uttar Pradesh by Cluster Front Line Demonstrations
First Online 21-02-2022|
Methods: The present study carried out by Krishi Vigyan Kendra, PG College Ghazipur through cluster front line demonstrations (CFLD) on lentil (Masoor) using improved varieties PL-8 and IPL-316 with seed rate @40 kg/ha. The 135 demonstration were conducted during Rabi season of the year 2017-18, 2018-19 and 2020-21 in three clusters of Devkali block of district Ghazipur. The soils condition was sandy loam in texture having low in pH with 6.2- 6.9, Organic carbon (0.39-0.4.3%) and available P2O5 (18-21 kg/ha) and medium in N and K content.
Result: The technology of improved variety viz. PL-8 and IPL-316 increased the average productivity by 32.53%, 59.69% and 44.85% and increased the net return by Rs. 15,431.00, with an improved B:C ratio of 3.34 instead of 2.54, Rs. 24,572.00 with an improved B:C ratio of 3.58 instead of 2.42 and Rs. 20,585.00 with an improved B:C ratio of 3.93 instead of 2.97 than those of local check variety choti masoor during the three consecutive years respectively. Soil health and soil nitrogen was also improved along with better nodulation in the demonstration plots.
Pulse productivity in India is much lower than other pulse producing countries. This is mainly because of unavailability of quality seed at desired time, cultivation on marginal and sub-marginal lands, injudicious use of fertilizers and non-adoption of crop management practices and poor marketing infrastructure (Chandra, 1994; Choudhary, 2013). So, the National Agricultural Research System including ICAR Institutes, Agricultural Universities, All India Coordinated Research Projects and Krishi Vigyan Kendras to develop and demonstrate new technologies of various pulse crops. A large number of region-specific and widely adapted high yielding short duration varieties of pulses with tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses have been developed. Kumar and Srivatava (2015) established the impact of reproductive duration on yield in lentil. ICAR has also made sincere efforts in producing required quantity of breeder seeds of major pulse crops. Since 2010-11 ICAR had envisioned to undertake well designed programme of Technology Demonstration for Harnessing Pulses Productivity through KVKs in 137 districts of 11 States by conducting front line demonstrations every year. The results of these CFLD’s are very encouraging in showing production potential of various technologies in varying field conditions across the country. These efforts for harnessing pulse production need to be scale up throughout the country in more number of districts identified by the Government under NFSM-Pulses scheme with the financial support from Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer’s Welfare, Govt. of India. It is felt that there is shortage of quality seeds of newer varieties of pulses. So, Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVKs), a vast network of ICAR in the country, can play an important role in demonstrating the improved crop production technologies in farmer’s fields and multiplication of seeds. Under the scenario, the programme was undertaken with the following objectives:
• To minimize the problem of low yield of lentil.
• To increase the area, production and productivity of lentil in the district
• To spread the technology of new improved variety throughout the district instead of local variety.
• To increase the benefits of the farmers in the same time and same unit of land.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
The area, production and producitvity of lentil crop in the Ghazipur district of Uttar Pradesh has been increased from 2015-16 to 2019-20 which is given in the Table 4.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
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