Priming Fresh and Aged Seed of Soybean (Glycine max L.)

DOI: 10.18805/LR-462    | Article Id: LR-462 | Page : 452-457
Citation :- Priming Fresh and Aged Seed of Soybean (Glycine max L.).Legume Research-An International Journal.2021.(44):452-457
Z. Miladinov, I. Maksimovic, S. Balesevic Tubic, P. Canak, J. Miladinovic, V. Djukic, P. Randjelovic zlatica.miladinov@ifvcns.ns.ac.rs
Address : Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Maksima Gorkog 30, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia.
Submitted Date : 31-10-2018
Accepted Date : 15-02-2021

Abstract

Background: High and stable production requires quality seed. Seed quality is the basis of efficient crop production and farmers need such seeds for optimum yield production. Therefore, various procedures are applied in seed production technology that aim to improve not only the germination of seeds but also the speed of its germination. These methods can reduce of seed aging and the effects of different agroecological factors. 
Methods: For research the impact of priming used seed aged seven months (fresh seeds) and seed was nineteen months old (aged seed). The seed was treated with following solutions: potassium nitrate (1%), ascorbic acid (100mgl-1) and potassium chloride (1%) for 6 hours and then germinated at 25°C in 8 days. 
Result: The analysis showed that seed aging resulted in a decrease in its germination energy and germination. Moreover, time required for germination is prolonged, the lipid peroxidation intensity and content of free proline are increased and the amount of vitamin C is reduced. The results showed that the effect of priming is dependable on variety selection, seed age and treatments. Therefore, we can conclude that there is no universal use of one only primer, as it may not be suitable for each particular cultivar and can ultimately lead to a decrease in the germination energy and germination.

Keywords

Aging of seeds Germination Glycine max L. Priming

References

  1. Ahmadvand, G., Soleimani, F., Bijan Saadatian, B., Pouya, M. (2012). Effects of seed priming on germination and emergence traits of two soybean cultivars under salinity stress. Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research. 3: 234-241.
  2. Arun, M.N., Shankara Hebbar, S., Bhanuprakas, K., Senthivel, T. (2017). Seed priming improves irrigation water use efficiency, yield and yield components of summer cowpea under limited water conditions. Legume Research. 40(5): 864-871.
  3. Bailly, C., Benamar, A., Corbineau, F., Côme, D. (2000). Antioxidant systems in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) seeds as affected by priming. Seed Science Research. 10: 35-42. 
  4. Basra, S.M.A., Iftikhar, M.N., Afzal, I. (2011). Potential of moringa (Moringa oleifera) leaf extract as priming agent for hybrid maize seeds. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 13: 1006-1010.
  5. Bates, L.S., Waldren, R.P., Teare, I.D. (1973). Rapid determination of proline for water-stress studies. Plant, Soil and Environment. 39: 205-207.
  6. Benech-Arnold, R.L., Sanchez, R.A., Forcella, F., Kruka, B.C., Ghersa, C.M. (2000).  Environmental control of dormancy in weed seed banks in soil. Field Crops Research. 67: 105-122.
  7. Benderitter, M., Maupoli, V., Vergely, C., Dalloz, F., Briot, F., Rochette, L. (1998). Studies by electron paramagnetic resonance of the importance of iron in the hydroxyl scavenging properties of ascorbic acid in plasma: Effects of iron chelators. Fundamental and Clinical Pharmacology. 12(5): 510-516.
  8. Bliss, R.D., Platt-Aloia, K.A., Thomson, W.W. (1986). The inhibitory effect of NaCl on barley germination. Plant, Cell and Environment. 9: 727-733.
  9. Coolbear, P., McGill, C.R. (1990). Effects of a low-temperature pre-sowing treatment on the germination of tomato seed under temperature and osmotic stress. Scientia Horticulture. 44: 43-54.
  10. Ellis, R.A., Roberts, E.H. (1981). The quantification of ageing and survival in orthodox seeds. Seed Science and Technology. 9: 373-409.
  11. Hsu, C.C., Chen, C.L., Chen, J.J., Sung, J.M. (2003). Accelerated aging enhanced lipid peroxidation in bitter gourd seeds and effects of priming and hot water soaking treatments. Sciencia Horticulture. 98: 201-212.
  12. Heuer, B. (2003). Influence of exogenous application of proline and glycinebetaine on growth of salt stressed tomato plants. Plant Science. 165: 693-699.
  13. Iqbal, N., Basra, S.M.A., Ur-Rehman, K. (2002). Evaluation of vigour and oil quality in cotton seed during accelerated ageing. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 4: 318-322.
  14. Karta, K.K., Tomer, R.P.S., Bekele, A. (2011). Effects of storage duration and hydro-priming on seed germination and vigour of Common vetch. Journal of Development Studies. 1: 65-73.
  15. Li, R., Min, D., Chen, L., Chen, C., Hu, X. (2017). Hydropriming accelerates seed germination of Medicago sativa under stressful conditions: A thermal and hydrotime model approach. Legume Research. 40(3): 401-408.
  16. Miladinov, Z., Balešević-Tubić, S., Ðorđević, V., Ðukić, V., Ilić, A., Èobanović, L. (2015). Optimal time of soybean seed priming and primer effect under salt stress conditions. Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 60(2): 109-117.
  17. Miladinov, Z., Maksimovic, I., Balesevic-Tubic, S., Djukic, V., Canak, P., Miladinovic, J., Djordjevic, V. (2020). Priming seed mitigates the effects of saline stress in soybean seedlings. Legume Research. 43 (2): 263-267. 
  18. Musa A.M., Harris D., Johansen C., Kumar J. (2001). Short duration chickpea to replace fallow after aman rice: the role of on-farm seed priming in the High Barind Tract of Bangladesh. Experimental Agriculture. 37: 509-521.
  19. Placer, Z.A., Cushman, L.L. and Johnson, B.C. (1966). Estimation of product of lipid peroxidation (malonyl dialdehyde) in biochemical systems. Analytical Biochemistry. 16: 359-364.
  20. Rajjou, L., Lovigny, Y., Groot, S.P., Belghazi, M., Job, C., Job, D. (2008). Proteome-wide characterization of seed ageing  in Arabidopsis: a comparison between artificial and natural ageing protocols. Plant Physiology. 148: 620-641.
  21. Schopfer, P., Plach, C., Frahry, G. (2001). Release of reactive oxygen intermediates (superoxideradicals, hydrogenperoxide and hydroxyl radicals) and peroxidase in germination radish seeds controlled by light, gibberellins and abscisic acid. Plant Physiology. 125: 1591-1602.
  22. Shivasharanapa, S., Patil, S.R., Doddagoudar, V.K.K.R., Mathad, C., Patil, R.P. (2018). Prediction of storability in soybean seeds through accelerated ageing technique [Glycine max (L.) Merill]. Legume Research. 41(4): 572-577.
  23. Sibande, G.A.K., Kabambe, V.H., Maliro, M.F.A., Karoshi, V. (2015). Effect of priming techniques and seed storage period on soybean (Glycine max L.) germination. Journal of Dynamics in Agricultural Research. 2: 46-53.
  24. Siri, B., Vichitphan, K., Kaewnaree, P., Vichitphan, S., Klanrit, P. (2013). Improvement of quality, membrane integrity and antioxidant systems in sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum Linn.) seeds affected by osmopriming. Australian Journal of Crop Science. 13: 2068-2073.
  25. Ya-jing, G., Jin, H.U., Xian-ju, W., Chen-xia, S. (2009). Seed priming with chitosan improves maize germination and seedling growth in relation to physiological changes under low temperature stress. Journal of Zhejiang University. Science B. 6: 427-433.

Global Footprints