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Genetic Component and Vr-Wr Graphical Analysis in Blackgram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper]

DOI: 10.18805/LR-4505    | Article Id: LR-4505 | Page : 1490-1495
Citation :- Genetic Component and Vr-Wr Graphical Analysis in Blackgram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper].Legume Research.2022.(45):1490-1495
Neha Sharma, R.K. Mittal, V.K. Sood nsh9149@gmail.com
Address : Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, CSK Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University, Palampur-176 062, Himachal Pradesh, India.
Submitted Date : 8-09-2020
Accepted Date : 11-01-2021

Abstract

Background: To develop a new high yielding variety, it is important to generate utilitarian recombinants and devise an appropriate strategy for selection and advancement of those recombinants. 
Method: Keeping this in mind, genetic components of yield and its related traits were determined in nine genotypes of blackgram through half diallel analysis using Hayman’s numerical and graphical approach. 
Conclusion: The estimates of genetic components deduced the role of non-additive gene action in the inheritance of all traits. The Vr-Wr graphical analysis revealed that assumptions laid by Hayman for diallel analysis were seldom fulfilled. Epistatic effect was predominant in all traits except days to 75 per cent maturity. Unidirectional dominance was observed in days to 75 per cent maturity, pods per plants and seed yield per plant and crude protein content. One major gene group was found controlling all traits except days to 75 per cent maturity and branches per plant. These findings can be used by breeders to devise appropriate selection methodology for yield improvement in blackgram.

Keywords

Additive Blackgram Gene action Hayman Non-additive

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