Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 44 issue 10 (october 2021) : 1144-1151

Cross-tolerance Physiology of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Genotypes under Combined Salinity and High Temperature Stress Condition

Trisha Sinha, Ajay Kumar Singh, Shailesh Kumar
1Department of Botany, Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa-848 125, Samastipur, Bihar, India.
  • Submitted06-04-2020|

  • Accepted26-09-2020|

  • First Online 29-12-2020|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-4390

Cite article:- Sinha Trisha, Singh Kumar Ajay, Kumar Shailesh (2021). Cross-tolerance Physiology of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Genotypes under Combined Salinity and High Temperature Stress Condition. Legume Research. 44(10): 1144-1151. doi: 10.18805/LR-4390.
Background: Chickpea at seedling stage is highly sensitive to salinity and high temperature stress. Many studies explained plant responses under independent salinity and high temperature stress, but very little findings had revealed the combined effects of these two stresses on plants. So, the present experiment was aimed to study the response of chickpea genotypes for growth parameters and stress tolerance indices at seedling stage under individual and combined salinity and high temperature stress.
Methods: A laboratory experiment during rabi season of 2018-2019 was conducted with thirty chickpea genotypes by comparing their responses under different salinity stresses i.e. EC 4.0 dSm-1 and 8.0 dSm-1 and high temperature (37°C). Seedling growth parameters i.e. germination percentage, vigour index and seedling dry weight along with stress tolerance indices like yield stability index and tolerance index were measured for 10-day-old seedlings.
Result: The results revealed genotypic variations for all the parameters, based on which the genotypes KPG-59, IPC 2013-74 and NDG 15-6 were identified as tolerant, whereas KWR-108, BG-3075 and BG-3076 as susceptible. Interestingly, the results also showed that the tolerant genotypes exhibited maximum cross-tolerance at highest level of stress (T5) for germination percentage and vigour index, over control (T0), which might be attributed to their acclimatization while facing different stresses during early growth. So, the genotypic variations in chickpea for these parameters at germination stage might be good criteria for selection of tolerant genotypes under salinity and high temperature individually and also when combined.
  1. Abdul-Baki, A.A. and Anderson, J.D. (1973). Vigour determination in soybean by multiple criteria. Crop Science. 13(6): 630-633.
  2. Akasha, A., Ashraf, M., Shereen, A., Mahboob, W. and Faisal, S. (2019). Heat tolerance screening studies and evaluating salicylic acid efficacy against high temperature in rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes. Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Physiology. 7: 235. doi: 10.35248/2329-9029.19.7.235.
  3. Ashagre, H., Hamza, I.A., Fasika, E. and Temesgen, F. (2013). Effect of salinity stress on germination and seedling vigour of chickpea genotypes. Academia Journal of Agricultural Research. 1(9): 161-166.
  4. Ashraf, M. and Harris P.J. (2005). Abiotic stresses: Plant resistance through breeding and molecular approaches. Food Products Press, 2005.
  5. Bidgoly, R.O., Balouchi, H., Soltani, E. and Moradi, A. (2018). Effect of temperature and water potential on (Carthamus tinctorius L.) seed germination: Quantification of the cardinal temperatures and modeling using hydrothermal time. Industrial Crops and Products. 113: 121-127.
  6. Bina, F. and Bostani, A. (2017). Effect of Salinity (NaCl) stress on germination and early seedling growth of three medicinal plant species. Advancements in Life Sciences. 4(3): 77-83.
  7. Bouslama, M. and Schapaugh, W.T. (1984). Stress tolerance in soybean. Part. 1: Evaluation of three screening techniques for heat and drought tolerance. Crop Science. 24: 933-937.
  8. Bybordi, A. and Tabatabaei, J. (2009). Effect of salinity stress on germination and seedling properties in canola cultivars (Brassica napus L.). Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca. 37: 71-76.
  9. Huang, J. and Redmann, R.E. (1995). Salt tolerance of Hordeum and Brassica species during germination and early seedling growth. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 75: 815-819.
  10. Kandil, A.A., Shareif, A.E. and Gad, M.A. (2017). Effect of salinity on germination and seeding parameters of forage cowpea seed. Research Journal of Seed Science. 10(1): 17-26.
  11. Kumawat, K.R., Gothwal, D.K., Kumawat, S., Kumawat, R. and Choudhary, M. (2017). Effect of salinity stress on germination and seedling characters of lentil (Lens culinaris M.) genotypes. Research Journal of Chemical and Environmental Sciences. 5(5): 34-39.
  12. Mohammadi, R., Armion, M., Kahrizi, D. and Amri, A. (2010). Efficiency of screening techniques for evaluating durum wheat genotypes under mild drought conditions. International Journal of Plant Production. 4: 11-24.
  13. Naim, A.H. and Ahmed, F.E. (2015). Interactive effect of temperature and water stress induced by polyethylene glycol (PEG) on germination and recovery of two chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars. Open Access Library Journal. 2: e2005. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1102005
  14. Panse V.G. and Sukhatme P.V. (1989). Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers. ICAR, New Delhi.
  15. Piramila, H.M.B., Prabha, L.A., Nandagopalan, V. and Leo, A.S. (2012). Effect of heat treatment on germination, seedling growth and some biochemical parameters of dry seeds of black gram. International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Phytopharmacological Research. 1(4): 194-202.
  16. Rosielle, A.A. and Hamblin, J. (1981). Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and non-stress environments. Crop Science. 21: 943-946.
  17. Ruan, S., Xue, X. and Tylkowska, K. (2002). The influence of priming on germination of rice (Oryza sativa L.) seeds and seedling emergence and performance in flooded soil. Seed Science and Technology. 30: 61-67.
  18. Shanko, D., Jateni, G. and Debela, A. (2017). Effects of salinity on chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) landraces during germination stage. Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. 3(2): 10. DOI: 10.21767/2471-8084.100037
  19. Singh, D., Singh, C.K., Kumari, S., Singh Tomar, R.S., Karwa, S., Singh, R., Singh, R.B., Sarkar, S.K. and Pal, M. (2017). Discerning morpho-anatomical, physiological and molecular multiformity in cultivated and wild genotypes of lentil with reconciliation to salinity stress. PLoS One. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0177465.
  20. Singh, S., Sengar, R.S., Kulshreshtha, N., Datta, D., Tomar, R.S., Rao, V.P., Garg, D. and Ojha, A. (2015). Assessment of multiple tolerance indices for salinity stress in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal of Agricultural Science. 7(3): 49-57. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)