Loading...

Effect of Phosphorus on Yield, Nutrient Acquisition and Use Efficiency of Groundnut in West Bengal, India

DOI: 10.18805/LR-4355    | Article Id: LR-4355 | Page : 1149-1154
Citation :- Effect of Phosphorus on Yield, Nutrient Acquisition and Use Efficiency of Groundnut in West Bengal, India.Legume Research.2022.(45):1149-1154
Everest Lepcha, Shyamal Kheroar, Debjani Halder, Swapan Kumar Barman, Kausik Mandal, Parimal Panda kheroarshyamal@gmail.com
Address : Department of Agronomy, Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Pundibari, Cooch Behar-736 165, West Bengal, India. 
Submitted Date : 22-02-2020
Accepted Date : 13-07-2020

Abstract

Background: Phosphorus is the crucial element to enhance yields as well bio-chemical properties namely protein and oil content in groundnut. Buildup of insoluble phosphates and chemical fixation in soil reduces phosphorus consumption ability in plants. Phosphorus use efficiency (PUE) can be increased with higher levels of phosphorus rate. The study was framed to investigate the effect of phosphorus fertilization on yield, nutrient acquisition, use efficiency and bio-chemical compositions of groundnut. 
Methods: The experiment was conducted in summer seasons of 2016 and 2017, using split plot design with three varieties (‘JL-24’, ‘Gangapuri’, ‘TAG-24’) in main plot and four fertilization levels (0, 40, 60, 80kg P2O5 ha-1) in sub plots. 
Result: The study revealed that pod yield enhanced significantly by 15.4%, 27.3% and 39.9% with increase in fertilization rates from 40kg to 80kg ha-1 compare to unfertilized plots. Protein and oil content showed a positive response with phosphorus application. Agronomic efficiency, recovery efficiency and utilization efficiency were also increased with phosphorus rates, whereas, partial factor productivity, agro-physiological efficiency and physiological efficiency had decreasing trends. ‘Gangapuri’ gave higher pod yield (1.80t ha-1), protein (24.27%) and oil (45.41%) content than other selected varieties. Enhanced phosphorus rate also increases nutrient uptake in groundnut.

Keywords

Groundnut Nutrient uptake Pod yield Recovery efficiency Utilization efficiency

References

  1. AOAC. (1990). Association of Official Chemists. Inc. Official Methods of Analytical Chemists. (15th Edition). Washington DC.pp. 1298.
  2. Balasubramanian, V., Singh, L. and Nandi, L.A. (1980). Effect of long-term fertilizer treatments on groundnut yield, nodulation and nutrient uptake at Samaru, Nigeria. Plant and Soil. 55: 171-180. 
  3. Bray, R.H. and Kurtz, L.T. (1945). Determination of total organic and available forms of phosphorus in soil. Soil Science. 59: 36-46.
  4. Chakraborty, S., Li, B., Weindorf, D.C., Deb, S., Acree, A., De, P. and Panda, P. (2019). Use of portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometry for classifying soils from different land use land cover systems in India. Geoderma. 338: 5-13.
  5. Daft, M.S. and El-Giahmi, A.A. (1975). Effect of Glomus infection on tree legume In Sanders, F.E., B.Mosse and P.B.Tinker, (Eds.). Endomycorrhizae Academic press New York. pp. 581-592.
  6. Das, P.C. (1997). Oil seed crops of India. Kalyani Publishers. Groundnut. 3: 72-113.
  7. Deuis, J. and Freitas, F. (1984). In Physical and Chemical Methods of Soil and Water Analysis. Oxford andIBH, New Delhi. pp. 51-106.
  8. Elsheikh, E.A.E. and Mohamedzein, E.M.M. (1998). Effect of Bradyrhizobium, VA mycorrhiza and fertilizers on seed composition of groundnut. Annals of Applied Biology. 132: 325-330.
  9. Gaur, A.C. (1990). Phosphate solubilising Micro-organisms as biofertilizers. Omega Scientific Publishers, New Delhi. pp. 176.
  10. Gervey, R. (1987). Fertilizer and Agriculture. IFA Ltd. July 1987, 28 Rue Marberf. 75008, Paris, pp 37, 95.
  11. Gregory, W.C., Krapovickas, A. and Gregory, M.P. (1980). Structure, variation, evolution and classification in Arachis. In: Advances in Legume sciences. [R..J. Summerfield and A.H. Bunting (eds).] Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew, UK. pp. 409-411.
  12. Halder, D. and Panda, R.K. (2014). Determination of appropriate sowing date and phosphorus fertilization strategy for peanut in eastern India. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 9(32): 2475-2487.
  13. Havlin, J.L., Beaton, J.D., Tisdale, S.L. and Nelson, W.L. (2005). Soil Fertility and Fertilizers: An Introduction to Nutrient Management. 7th Edn., Pearson Prentice Hall, New Delhi, India. pp. 515.
  14. Hayman, D.S. (1986). Mycorrhizal of nitrogen fixing legumes. Journal of Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 2: 121-145.
  15. Jackson, M.L. (1973). Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India. pp. 183-204.
  16. John, H.S. and William, J.D. (1999). Better crops with plant food. ISSN:0006-0089, Vol. 83:1.
  17. Jones, D.B. (1931). Factors for converting Percentages of Nitrogen in Foods and Feeds, Circular No.183. U.S. Department of Agriculture. pp. 1-21.
  18. Kamara, E.G., Olympio, N.S. and Asibuo, J.Y. (2011). Effect of calcium and phosphorus on the growth and yield of groundnut (ArachishypogaeaL.). International Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Soil Science. 1(8): 326-331.
  19. Nelson, D.W. and Sommers, L.E. (1982). Total carbon, organic carbon and organic matter. Methodsof Soil Analysis. Part II. Chemical and Microbiological Properties. Second Edition, Agronomy Monograph.9 (A.L. Page et al., Eds.). ASA and SSSA, Madison, WI. pp. 539-579
  20. Nelson, D.L. and Cox, M. (2017). Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry, 7th Edition, illustrated, Publisher: W H Freeman. ISBN: 1464187975, 9781464187971.
  21. Okello, D.K., Biruma, M. and Deom, C.M. (2010). Overview of groundnuts research in Uganda. Past, present and future. African Journal of Biotechnology. 9(39): 6448-6459.
  22. Prihar, S.S. and Tripathi, R.S. (1989). Dry matter, nodulation and nutrient uptake in chickpea as influenced by irrigation and phosphorus. Experimental Agriculture. 25: 349-355.
  23. Ranjit, R., Dasog, G.S. and Patil, P.L. (2007). Effect of lime ad phosphorus levels on nutrient uptake by groundnut genotypes in acid soils of coastal agro system of Karnataka. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 20(3): 631-633.
  24. Rezaul, K., Sabina, Y., Mominul, O.A.K. and MdAbdur, R.S. (2013). Effect of Phosphorus, Calcium and Boron on the Growth and Yield of Groundnut (ArachishypogaeaL.). International Journal of Bio-Science and Bio-Technology. 5(3): 1-10.
  25. Rokade, S.M. and Patil, P.L. (1992). Phosphate solubilising micro organisms -a review. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities. 17(3): 458-465.
  26. Sadras, V.O. (2006). The N:P stoichiometry of cereal, grain legume and oilseed crops. Field Crops Research. 95: 13-29.
  27. Sharma, B.M. and Yadav, J.S.P. (1997). Availability of phosphorus to grain as influenced by phosphatic fertilization and irrigation regimes. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 46: 205-210.
  28. Shiyam, J.O. (2010). Growth and yield response of groundnut (ArachishypogaeaL.) to plant densities and phosphorus on an ultisol in Southeastern Nigeria. Libyan Agriculture Research Centre Journal International. 1: 211–214.
  29. Singh, Y., Singh, S.P. and Bhardwaj, A.K. (2000). Long-term effects of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers on rice-wheat productivity and properties of mollisols in himalayan foothills. In: Rice-Wheat Consortium Paper Series 6. Rice- Wheat Consortium for the Indo-Gangetic Plains. [Abrol, I.P., Bronson, K.F., Duxbury, J.M., Gupta, R.K., (eds.)], New Delhi, India. pp. 14-21
  30. Taru, V.B., Khagya, I.Z., Mshelia, S.I. and Adebayo, E.F. (2008). Economic efficiency of resource use in groundnut production in Adamawa State of Nigeria. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 4(s): 896-900.
  31. Tran, T. and Tu, H. (2011). Effect of phosphorus fertilizer on groundnut yield in poor alluvial and sandy soils of Thua Thien Hue. Better Crops International. 17: 16-17.
  32. Walkley, A. and Black I.A. (1934). An examination of the Degtjareff Method for Determining Soil Organic Matter and a proposed Modification of the Chromic Acid Titration Method. Soil Science. 37(1): 29-38.
  33. Zhu, X.K., Li, C.Y., Jiang, Z.Q., Huang, L.L., Feng, C.N., Guo, W.S. and Peng, Y.X. (2012). Responses of phosphorus use efficiency, grain yield and quality to phosphorus application amount of weak-gluten wheat. Journal of Integrative Agriculture. 11(7): 1103-1110.

Global Footprints