Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.67

  • SJR .391

  • Impact Factor .669 (2022)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 45 issue 12 (december 2022) : 1540-1546

Effect of Different Land Configuration, Superabsorbent and Nutrient Management on Yield and Economics of Soybean (Glycine max L.) -Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) Cropping System

C.K. Bhadre, W.N. Narkhede, M.M. Desai
1All India Coordinated Research Project for Dryland Agriculture Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidyapeeth, Parbhani-431 401, Maharashtra, India.
  • Submitted10-01-2020|

  • Accepted28-12-2021|

  • First Online 03-03-2022|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-4319

Cite article:- Bhadre C.K., Narkhede W.N., Desai M.M. (2022). Effect of Different Land Configuration, Superabsorbent and Nutrient Management on Yield and Economics of Soybean (Glycine max L.) -Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) Cropping System. Legume Research. 45(12): 1540-1546. doi: 10.18805/LR-4319.
Background: Oilseed crops are sources of fats and oils, which are essential for human diet, comprising about 40% of the calories in the diet of the average person safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) is a major rabi oilseed crop in the country. Like soybean its productivity is also very low as compared to the global average. Horizontal expansion to augment the food production is limited and the alternative way is to move on vertical growth by enhancing the productivity of the area. Therefore, production technology and management practices should be developed keeping in view all the above point, for efficient use of costly inputs, beside reduction in production cost, for instance residual effect of manures and fertilizers applied and nitrogen fixed by legumes can considerably bring down the production cost. 
Methods: A field experiment was carried out to study the performance of soybean-safflower cropping sequence under different land configuration and nutrient management. Treatment consists of eighteen treatment combinations comprising three land configuration (L1- flat beds, L2- ridges and furrow and L3- Broad bed furrow) and three superabsorbent levels (S1- 0 kg ha-1, S2- 2.5 kg ha-1 and S3- 5.0 kg ha-1) in main plot, two nutrient levels i.e., N1- 30:60:30 NPK kg ha-1 + 5 t FYM ha-1 and N2- 30:60:30:30 NPKS kg ha-1 + 20 kg ZnSO4 + 5 t FYM ha-1 to soybean and N1- 40:20:0 NPK kg ha-1 and N2- 30:15:0 NPK kg ha-1 to safflower during kharif and rabi seasons, respectively as sub plot treatments were assigned in a split plot design with three replications. 
Result: Broad bed furrows planting method with the application of 30:60:30:30 NPKS kg ha-1 + 20 kg ZnSO+ 5 t FYM ha-1 to soybean and 40:20:0 NPK kg ha-1 to safflower during kharif and rabi seasons, respectively recorded significantly higher yield and yield attributes as well as net monetary returns but the applications of superabsorbent reordered non-significant effect during both the year of study.

  1. Arya, R.L., Kumar, L., Singh, K.K. and Kushwaha, B.L. (2005). Effect of fertilizers and tillage management in rice (Oryza sativa) chickpea (Cicer arietinum) cropping system under varying irrigation schedules. Indian J. Agron. 50(4): 256-259. 

  2. Auti, A.K.,S.C.Wadile and V.S., Pawar. (1998). Influence of levels and sources of fertilizer on yield of wheat. Journal of Maharashtra Aagricultural University. 23(1): 16-18.

  3. Awlad, H.M., Chowdhury, M.A.H. and Talukder, N.M. (2003). Effect of sulphur and zinc on nodulation, dry matter yield and nutrient content of soybean. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 6(5): 461-466. 

  4. Bhatnagar, P.S. and Joshi, O.P. (1999). Soybean in Cropping System. In: Integrated Crop Management Series. FAO, Rome 3: 1-39.

  5. Chitaranjan, S. (1981). Rainwater harvesting and recycling. Indian Journal of Soil Conservation. 3: 119-143.

  6. Dordas, C.A. and Sioulas, C. (2008). Safflower yield, chlorophyll content, photosynthesis and water use efficiency response to nitrogen fertilization under rainfed conditions. Indus. Crops and Products. 27(1): 75-85.

  7. Gautum,V.S., Kushwaha, B.B., Nayak, S. and Kushwaha, S.S. (2001). Integrated nutrient management on kharif sorghum. Indian J. Dryland Agric. Res and Dev.16(1): 83-85.

  8. Girase, P.D., Kamble, L.B. and Deolankar, A.B. (1997). Response of safflower to application of fertilizer under rainfed condition. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities.1: 148-149. 

  9. Jain, H.C., Deshmukh, M.R., Goswami, V. and Hedge, D.M. (2000). Studies on land configuration and seed hardening on productivity of sesame in different soil types. J. Maharashtra Agric. Univ. 25(1): 1-24.

  10. Jayapaul, P., Uthayankumar, B., Markendevasagayami, M.B., Padian, J., Palchamy, A. and Balakrishnan, A. (1996). Effect of land configuratiuon methods, irrigation regimes and soil moisture conservation amendmentson soybean yield and quality charaecters. Crop Research.11(3): 253-257.

  11. Kadam, A.K. (2015). Effect of various land layouts and nutrient levels on growth, yield and quality of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill.] under rainfed condition. M.Sc.(Agri.) Thesis, VNMKV, Parbhani (M.S.), India.

  12. Kanwar, J.S. and Sekhon, G.S. (1998). Nutrient management for sustainable intensive agriculture. Ferttilizer News. 43(2): 33-40.

  13. Mandal, K.G., Hati, K.M., Mishra, A.K. Bandyopadhyay, K.K. and Tripathi, A.K. (2013). Land surface modification and crop diversification for enhancing productivity of a vertisol. International Journal of Plant Propduction. 7(3): 455-472.

  14. More, S.R., S.N. Mendhe and H.S. Kolte. (2006). Growth and yield attributes of soybean as influenced by nutrient management. Journal of Soil and Crops.18(1): 154-157.

  15. Paliwal, D.K., Kushwaha, H.S. and Thakur, H.S. (2011). Performance of soybean (Glycine max) - wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system under land configuration, mulching and nutrient management. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 56(4): 334-339.

  16. Pandey, I.B., Thakur, S.S. and Singh, S.K. (1999). Response of timely sown wheat (Triticum aestivum) varieties to seed rate and fertility level. Indian J. Agron. 44(4): 745-749.

  17. Prabhakaran, N.K. and Lourduraj, A.C. (2003). Nutrient management in soybean. Agric. Res. 24(3): 230-228.

  18. Prajapat, K., Vyas, A.K. and Dhar, S. (2014). Productivity, profitability and land-use efficiency of soybean based cropping system under different nutrient management practices. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 59(2): 229-234. 

  19. Raut, S.S., Basole, V.D., Deotale, R.D., Ilmulwar S.R. and Kadwe, S.B. (2003). Effect of hormone and nutrients on morpho-physiological characters and yield of soybean. Journal of Soils and Crops. 13: 135-139.

  20. Raut, V.M., Taware, S.P., Halvankar, G.B. and Varghese, P. (2000). Comparison of different sowing methods in soybean. Journal Maharashtra Agriculturale Universitiesy. 25(2): 218- 219.

  21. Reddi, G.H.S. and Reddi, T.Y. (1995). Irrigation of Principal Crops. In: Efficient Use of Iirrigation Water, 2nd ed. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, India. pp. 229-259.

  22. Saxena, S.C., Manral, H.C. and Chandel, A.S. (2003). Effect of organic and inorganic sources of nutrients on soybean. Indian J. Agron. 46(1): 135-140.

  23. Shivakumar, B.G. and Ahlawar, I.P.S. (2008). Integrated nutrient management in soybean (Glycine max)-wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 54(4): 273-278.

  24. Sinaki, J.M., Heravan, E.M., Rad, A.H.S., Noormohammadi, G. and Zarei, G. (2007). The effect of water deficit during growth stages of canola (Brassica napus L.). American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.  2(4): 417-422.

  25. Singh S., Kaul, J.N. and Kaur, N. (2005). Productivity of summer planted groundnut in relation to land configurations and the seeding rates. Environment and Ecology. 23(2): 246- 249.

  26. Singh, D.P. (2000). Drought management in field crops. Recent Aadvances in Agronomy. pp. 253-277.

  27. Singh, P., Alagarswamy, G., Pathak, P., Wani, S.P., Hoogenboom, G. and Virmani, S.M. (1999b). Soybean-chickpea rotation on Vertic Inceptisols I. Effect of soil depth and landform on light interception, water balance and crop yields. Field Crops Res. 63(3): 211-224.  

  28. Tomar, R.K., Namdeo, S.K.N. and Raghu, J.S. (1996). Productivity and economics of double cropping with pulses and oilseeds against the base crop wheat (Triticum aestivum) Indian J. Agron. 41(2): 205-208.

  29. Wadile, S.C., Solunke, A.V., Tumbhare, A.D. and Ilhe, S.S. (2017). Influence of land configurtation and nutrient management on yield, quality and economics of soybean (Glycine max)- sweet corn (Zea mays) cropping sequence. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 62(2): 141-146.

  30. Wani, A.G., Patil, V.S. and Todmal, S.M. (2011). Efficient Alternative Cropping Systems. Project Directorate for Farming Systems Research, Modipuram, Meerut, India. pp. 339.

  31. Zohra Ahmed, S., Medekkar and Shaik Mohamad. (1985). Response of safflower to nitrogen and phosphorus. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 30: 128-130.

Editorial Board

View all (0)