Loading...

Evaluation of Insecticides and Biopesticides against Helicoverpa armigera in Different Modules of Short Duration Pigeonpea

DOI: 10.18805/LR-4313    | Article Id: LR-4313 | Page : 1190-1193
Citation :- Evaluation of Insecticides and Biopesticides against Helicoverpa armigera in Different Modules of Short Duration Pigeonpea.Legume Research.2022.(45):1190-1193
Amit Yadav, Ram Keval, Abhishek Yadav abhicoa2@gmail.com
Address : Department of Entomology and Agricultural Zoology, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221 005, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Submitted Date : 2-01-2020
Accepted Date : 22-01-2021

Abstract

Background: Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] is an important legume crop from the Family Fabaceae. Pigeonpea commonly known as ‘Arhar’ or ‘Tim’ is mainly consumed in the form of split pulse as ‘dal’. Pigeonpea is cultivated as an annual or semi-perennial crop, usually in mixed cropping systems. Pigeonpea is attacked by insect-pests right from sowing to harvesting and also during the storage. Gram pod borer, H. armigera has been a major pest in most parts of the country. Therefore, keeping these views in mind, the present study was conducted.
Methods: Present investigations were carried out during Kharif season of 2013 and 2014 to evaluate some insecticides and biopesticides against Helicoverpa armigera in various modules on short duration pigeonpea.
Result: The mean larval population of H. armigera after spray was minimum in M3 (1.15 larvae plant-1) followed by M2 (1.17 larvae plant-1) and maximum in module M5 (1.61 larvae plant-1) during Khaif 2013. During Khaif 2014 mean larval population of H. armigera after spray was minimum in M2 (1.11 larvae plant-1) followed by M3 (1.12 larvae plant-1) and maximum in module M5 (1.58 larvae plant-1). Hence these modules (M2 and M3) can be adopted by the farmers for effective and economic management of H. armigera.

Keywords

Helicoverpa armigera Insecticides Modules Pigeon pea

References

  1. Anonymous. (2007). The medium term plan. ICRISAT, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India. p. 3.
  2. Anonymous. (2011). All India area, production and yield of pigeopea. Agricultural Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, New Delhi.
  3. Awale, R.G., Tamboli, N.D., Patil, S.C. and Chormule, A. (2014). Field Evaluation of Newer Insecticides against Helicoverpa armigera and Maruca testualalis on pigeonpea. Trends in Biosciences. 7: 1261-1264.
  4. Babariya, P.M., Kabaria, B.B., Patel, V.N. and Joshi, M.D. (2010). Chemical control of gram pod borer, Helicoverpa armigera Hübner infesting pigeonpea. Legume Research. 33: 224-226.
  5. Basandrai, A.K., Basandrai, D., Duraimurugan, P. and Srinivasan, T. (2011). Breeding for biotic stresses. In: Biology and Breeding of Food Legumes, (eds). CAB International, Oxfordshire, UK. pp. 220-40.
  6. Byrappa, A.M., Kumar, N.G. and Divya, M. (2012). Impact of biopesticides application on pod borer complex in organically grown field bean ecosystem. Journal of Biopesticide. 5: 148-160.
  7. Choudhary, A.K., Raje, R.S., Datta, S., Sultana, R. and Ontagodi, T. (2013). Conventional and molecular approaches towards genetic improvement in pigeonpea for insect resistance. American Journal of Plant Sciences. 4: 372-385.
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2013). FAO Statistical database. (19th July 2013, date last accessed). http://faostat.fao.org.
  9. Kumar, J., Singh, D.C. and Singh, A.P. (2012). Incidence of pod borer, Helicoverpa armigera Hub. and their management through newer insecticides in Chickpea. Trends in Biosciences. 5: 240-243.
  10. Mandal, S.K., Prabhakar, A.K. and Roy, S.P. (2009). Insect-pest complexes on a pulse crop pigeonpea, Cajanus cajan (L.) of Indo- Gangetic plain of Bhagalpur (Bihar), India. Journal of Environment Science. 3: 143-48.
  11. Mane, P.N., Rathod, P.K., Balode, K.L. and Deshmukh, S.N. (2013). Efficacy of microbials and botanicals against Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) in sunflower. Current Biotica. 7: 241-245.
  12. Narasimhamurthy, G.M. and Keval, R. (2012). Field evaluation of certain insecticides on podfly (Melanagromyza obtusa Malloch) in long duration pigeonpea. Journal of Food Legumes. 25: 250-251.
  13. Parmar, S.G., Naik, M.M., Pandya, H.V., Rathod, N.K., Patel, S.D., Dave, P.P. and Saiyad, M.M. (2015). Bio-efficacy of some insecticides against pest complex of blackgram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper]. International Journal of Plant Protection. 8: 162-168.
  14. Sharma, O.P., Bantewad, S.D., Patange, N.R., Bhede, B.V., Badgujar, A.G. and Bhagat, S. (2015). Implementation of integrated pest management in pigeonpea and chickpea pests in major pulse-growing areas of Maharashtra. Journal of Integrated Pest Management. 15: 12.
  15. Singh, A., Ali, S. and Gupta, P.K. (2014). Bio-efficacy of insecticides against gram Pod Borer, Helicoverpa armigera (Hüb.) in Chick pea. Annals of Plant Protection Science. 22: 257-259.
  16. Taggar, G.K. and Singh, R. (2015). Efficacy of some biopesticides against pod borer in pigeonpea. Agriculture Research Journal. 52: 200-201.

Global Footprints