Loading...

Morphological and Physiological Characterization of Sesbania genotypes

DOI: 10.18805/LR-4294    | Article Id: LR-4294 | Page : 1087-1091
Citation :- Morphological and Physiological Characterization of Sesbania genotypes.Legume Research.2021.(44):1087-1091
Sontosh Chandra Chanda, Md. Rishad Abdullah, Md. Abdur Razzak, A.K.M. Golam Sarwar sontoshchanda@gmail.com
Address : Laboratory of Plant Systematics, Department of Crop Botany, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202, Bangladesh.
Submitted Date : 3-12-2019
Accepted Date : 14-07-2020

Abstract

Background: Sesbania species are widely used in different agricultural systems providing green manure, forage, firewood, pulp, food, landscape decoration, control of soil erosion and soil improvement. The biomass yield and yield contributing descriptors of Sesbania depend on different physiological traits. 
Methods: An experiment was conducted at Bangladesh Agricultural University to find out the morphological and physiological variability among four Sesbania genotypes. Sesbania species, viz. S. bispinosa, S. cannabina, S. sesban and S. rostrata, were used as experimental materials. Seeds were sown in 2.5 m × 2.0 m plots to maintain 200 plants m-2 following randomized complete block design with three replications. Seed length and width, 1000-seed weight, germination percentage, vigour index, seedling length and biomass yield parameters were recorded. Different growth data were recorded and physiological descriptors were calculated at every 10 days intervals up to 60 days after sowing (DAS). 
Result: The results revealed that the highest value of plant height, number of leaflets pair leaf-1, leaf length and biomass yield were found in S. bispinosa and the lowest in S. sesban at 60 DAS. Sesbania sesban produced higher biomass and studied growth descriptors up to 20 DAS and thereafter declined, however, other three species produced higher biomass and studied growth descriptors from 30 to 60 DAS.

Keywords

​​CGR Morphology RGR Root-shoot ratio Sesbania Shoot weight ratio

References

  1. Aguirre, R.J.R., Peña-Valdivia, C.B. and Bayuelo-Jiménez, J.S. (2003). Morphology, phenology and agronomic traits of two wild Mexican common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) populations under cultivation. South African Journal Botany. 69: 410-421. 
  2. Ahmed, Z.U., Hassan, M.A., Begum, Z.N.T., Khondker, M., Kabir, S.M.H., Ahmad, M. and Ahmed, A.T.A. (2009). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, Vol. 8. Angiosperms: Dicotyledons (Fabaceae–Lythraceae). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh Dhaka.
  3. Berrocal, I.S., Ortiz, C.J. and Peña-Valdivia, C.B. (2002). Yield components, harvest index and leaf area efficiency of a sample of wild population and a domesticated variant of the common bean Phaseolus vulgaris. South African Journal Botany. 68: 205-211.
  4. Bewley, J.D. and Black M. (1994). Seeds Physiology of Development and Germination. Plenum Press. USA. 
  5. Brown, R.H. (1984). In: Teasar, M.B. (ed.). Growth of the Green Plant Physiological Basis of Crop Growth and Development. ASA. CSSA. Madison, Wisconsin, USA. pp: 153-173.
  6. Chanda, S.C. (2019). Agro-morphological characterization of dhaincha genetic resources for improvement of soil nutrient status. Ph. D. Thesis, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh. pp. 1-173.
  7. Chanda, S.C., Prodhan, A.K.M.A. and Sarwar, A.K.M. Golam. (2017). Screening of Sesbania accessions based on early biomass yield. Journal of Bangladesh Agricultural University. 15: 188-192.
  8. Chanda, S.C., Prodhan, A.K.M.A., Sarwar, A.K.M., Golam (2018). Morphological descriptors of seed and seedling for identification of dhaincha (Sesbania spp.) accessions. Bangladesh Journal Botany. 47: 237-246. 
  9. Chanda, S.C., Sagar, A., Islam, M.M., Hossain, M.A. and Sarwar, A.K.M. Golam. (2019). Phenology and reproductive biology of three Sesbania species. International Journal of Minor Fruits, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. 5: 29-37.
  10. De Melo, P.A.F.R., Silva, K.B., Alves, E.U., de Medeiros, R.L.S., dos Anjos, Neto, A.P., Pinto, K.M.S., de Sousa, Leite, W. and Matos, V.P. (2016). Morphological analysis of fruits, seeds and seedling germination Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 11: 2913-2919.
  11. Evans, D.O. (1990). What is Sesbania? Botany, taxonomy, plant geography and natural history of the perennial members of the genus. In: Perennial Sesbania species in Agroforestry Systems Proc. [Macklin, B. and Evans, D.O. (eds)]. Workshop, Nairobi, Kenya. March 27-31. 1989. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Association, Waimanalo, Hawaii, USA.pp. 5-19. 
  12. Gan, Y., Stobbe, E.H. and Njue, C. (1996). Evaluation of nonlinear regression models in quantifying seedling emergence rate of spring wheat. Crop Science. 36: 165-168.
  13. Heering, J.H., Nokoe, S. and Jemal, M. (1996). The classification of a Sesbania sesban (ssp. sesban) collection. I. Morphological attributes and their taxonomic significance. Tropical Grassland. 30: 206-214. 
  14. Joshi-Saha, A. and Gopalakrishna, T. (2007). Agro-morphological and molecular variability in the genus Sesbania. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. 54: 1727-1736.
  15. Kalpana, R., Palaniappan, -S.P. and Balasubramanian, A. (2002). Studies on dual purpose rice based cropping systems. Agricultural Science Digest. 22:75-78.
  16. Lamers, J.P.A., Khamzina, A. and Worbes, M. (2006). The analyses of physiological and morphological attributes of 10 tree species for early determination of their suitability to afforest degraded landscapes in the Aral Sea basin of Uzbekistan. Forest Ecology and Management. 221: 249-259. 
  17. Larcher, W. (1995). Physiological Plant Ecology. Ecophysiology and stress physiology of functional groups. Springer-Verlag. Berlin Heidelberg, Germany. 
  18. Malek, M.A., Mondal, M.M.A., Ismail, M.R., Rafil, M.Y. and Berahim, Z. (2012). Physiology of seed yield in soybean: Growth and dry matter production. African Journal of Biotechnology. 11: 7643-7649. 
  19. Marcos-Filho, J.F. (2005). Fisiologia de Sementes de Plantas Cultivadas (Seed Physiology of Cultivated Plants). Fundação de Estudos Agrários “Luiz de Queiroz” (Foundation for Agrarian Studies “Luiz de Queiroz”), FEALQ, Piracicaba, Brazil. 
  20. Mondal, M.M.A., Howlader, M.H.K., Akter, M.B. and Dutta, R.K. (2007). Evaluation of five advanced lentil mutants in relation to morpho-physiological characters and yield. Bangladesh Journal of Crop Science. 18: 367-372. 
  21. Oh, E.I., Uwagoh, R., Jyo, S., Saitoh, K. and Kuroda, T. (2007). Effect of rising temperature on flowering, pod set, dry matter production and seed yield soybean. Japanese Journal of Crop Science. 76: 433-444.
  22. Pandey, R.K., Saxena, M.C. and Singh, V.B. (1978). Growth analysis of blackgram genotypes. Indian Journal of Agricultural Science. 48: 466-473.
  23. Porpavai, S., Palchamy, A., Boopathi, S.N.M.R. and Jayapaul, P. (2005). Feasibility studies on intercropping green manures with grain legumes and performance of ratooned green manure in pre-rice season and its effect on rice yield. Legume Research. 28:303-305.
  24. Prain, D. (1903). Bengal Plants. Indian Rep., B. Singh and M.P. Singh, Dehra Dun, India. pp. 402-404. 
  25. Radford, P.J. (1967). Growth analysis formulae. Their use and abuse. Crop Science. 7: 171-175. 
  26. Rajput, A., Rajput, S.S. and Jha, G. (2017). Physiological parameters leaf area index, crop growth rate, relative growth rate and net assimilation rate of different varieties of rice grown under different planting geometries and depth in SRI. International Journal of Pure and Applied Bioscience. 5: 362-367.
  27. Shirawa, T., Ueno, N., Shimada, S. and Horie, T. (2004). Correlation between yielding ability and dry matter productivity during initial seed filling stage in various soybean genotypes. Plant Production Science. 7: 138-142.
  28. Shreelalitha, S.J., Sridhar, K.R., Sukesh, S. 2015. Seed dormancy and germination in two wild genotypes of Sesbania of the Southwest mangroves in India. International Journal of Agricultural Technology. 11: 895-902. 
  29. Takawale, P.S., Jade, S.S. and Ghorpade, S.D. (2016). Leguminous blocks: Nutritional values and economics. Agricultural Science Digest. 36:149-151.
  30. UNDP and FAO. 1988. Land Resources Appraisal of Bangladesh for Agricultural Development. Report 2. Agroecological Regions of Bangladesh. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), pp. 212-221.

Global Footprints