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Evaluation of Bush Type Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Genotypes for Morphological Characters and Anthracnose under Cold Arid Ladakh Conditions

DOI: 10.18805/LR-4283    | Article Id: LR-4283 | Page : 1223-1228
Citation :- Evaluation of Bush Type Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Genotypes for Morphological Characters and Anthracnose under Cold Arid Ladakh Conditions.Legume Research.2022.(45):1223-1228
S.A. Ganie, B.A. Wani shabeer.ganie@gmail.com
Address : High Mountain Arid Agriculture Research Institute, Leh-194 104, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Kashmir, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Submitted Date : 15-11-2019
Accepted Date : 5-05-2020

Abstract

In the present study 25 bush type common bean genotypes were evaluated for their adaptability, performance of yield, maturity and anthracnose disease. Among 25 genotypes, ten were red in colour, five were brown in colour, four genotypes were white, two purple and one each was black, pink, yellow and chocolate in colour. For seed shape, 16 genotypes were kidney shaped, 3 were oval, cylindrical and cuboidal. For seed coat pattern, 19 genotypes were plain and 6 were mottled. Seed size revealed that out of 25 genotypes, 6 were large, 17 were medium and two were small. Out of 25 genotypes, 14 were having green colour pods, 10 were yellow and one light green in colour. The pod curvature revealed that 15 genotypes were having medium pod curvature, 7 were curved and 3 genotypes were having straight pod curvature. WB-185 was earliest to flower, whereas WB-956 was earliest to maturity. Highest pod length was recorded in WB-185where as lowest was recorded in local Ladakh and WB-257. Maximum seeds per pod were recorded in genotype WB-185 whereas minimum seeds per pods were recorded in WB-956. Highest plant height was recorded in genotype WB-1690. Highest value for 100 seed weight was recorded in WB-966 and lowest value was recorded in WB-6. Highest yield per plant was recorded in WB-185 and lowest yield per plant was recorded in WB-1129. Analysis of variance revealed that the genotypes exhibited significant variability for all the traits. Screening of genotypes against anthracnose revealed that maximum disease incidence was shown by WB-1690 followed by WB-257, WB-1643, WB-956 and WB-1129. Maximum disease intensity was shown by WB-1690 while lowest disease intensity was recorded in WB-719.

Keywords

Anthracnose Common bean Maturity Screening Yield

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