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Studies on Determination of Critical Growing Degree Days, Base Temperature (Tb) and Response of Temperature Variations on Flowering and Yield per se in Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.]

DOI: 10.18805/LR-4262    | Article Id: LR-4262 | Page : 1430-1436
Citation :- Studies on Determination of Critical Growing Degree Days, Base Temperature (Tb) and Response of Temperature Variations on Flowering and Yield per se in Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.].Legume Research.2021.(44):1430-1436
Venkatesh Bondade, Sanjeev K Deshpande venkateshbondade@gmail.com
Address : Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad-580 005, Karnataka, India. 
Submitted Date : 16-10-2019
Accepted Date : 5-02-2020

Abstract

Growing degree days (GDD) or heat units accumulation is the major factor that affects the dry matter production in the plants. In the present investigation eleven genotypes were used to screen for temperature insensitivity through staggered plantings across the seasons in a year. Days to flowering initiation was recorded and base temperature (Tb) was determined using mean daily air temperature (MAT). GDD of individual genotypes was estimated using base temperatures of particular genotypes. It was observed that the GDD, days to flowering initiation and yield were exhibited high variation across the seasons, the flowering time from days to planting (FTDAP) registered significant negative correlation with GDD and MAT and positively correlated with yield. Whereas GDD is positively correlated with MAT and negatively correlated with yield. Here three genotypes namely, IC202926, IC198326 and IC257428 were identified as temperature insensitive genotypes as their performances were comparable across the seasons without much fluctuations.

Keywords

Base temperature Cowpea Growing degree days

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