Legume Research

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Legume Research, volume 44 issue 8 (august 2021) : 952-955

Additional Income Generation from Cultivation of Summer Mungbean in Rice-Wheat System of Haryana

D.P. Malik, D.K. Bishnoi, Neeraj Pawar, Nirmal Kumar, Sumit
1Department of Agricultural Economics, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125 004, Haryana, India.
  • Submitted04-10-2019|

  • Accepted14-03-2020|

  • First Online 22-08-2020|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-4253

Cite article:- Malik D.P., Bishnoi D.K., Pawar Neeraj, Kumar Nirmal, Sumit (2021). Additional Income Generation from Cultivation of Summer Mungbean in Rice-Wheat System of Haryana. Legume Research. 44(8): 952-955. doi: 10.18805/LR-4253.
Background: Mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek], also known as green gram is cultivated on area of 4.75 million ha in kharif and rabi/ spring seasons as monocrop or intercrop in India. It serves as a major source of dietary protein for the vast majority of vegetarian people in the country. Mungbean contributed 10.03 per cent of total pulses production (23.40 million tonnes) in the country with productivity level of 494 kg ha-1 in 2018-19. The pulses cultivation in Haryana is almost eliminated in kharif season owing to deviation of area towards cotton, cluster bean and pearlmillet because of low profitability. However, the new window opens for cultivation of mungbean in rice-wheat cropping system in summer season to generate additional farm income and to improve soil health. The area under summer mungbean in state was around 64 thousand ha with the production of 50 thousand tonnes and the average productivity of 780 kg/ha during 2017-18. Although rice-wheat system provides better farm returns, but it has imposed threat to soil health, availability and contamination of ground water, weed and biotic stress management. 
Methods: The data  pertains to costs and returns from  summer mungbean cultivation was gathered from  60 mungbean cultivators of Hisar, Kurukshetra and Panipat districts of Haryana having adequate irrigation water availability adopting personal interaction approach in 2018-19. Simple budgeting technique was employed to draw practical implications which ultimately help to take favourable policy decisions for enhancing acreage of summer mungbean.
Result: The inquiry profound that mungbean cultivation in summer season particularly in rice-wheat was established as additional income generation farm enterprise. The net benefits accrued from short duration varieties of mungbean over variable cost was Rs. 31831 ha-1  with time span of 60-70 days by utilizing fallow land in summer season. The B-C ratio toiled considering expenses incurred on variable resources with value of 2.99 divulges economic viability of mungbean cultivation in the study area. It is imperative from results that cultivation of short duration cultivars of mungbean is viable option to enhance farm income, restoration of diminishing soil fertility owing to adoption of continuous rice-wheat rotation by inherent characteristics of converting atmospheric nitrogen. Distinctive efforts are essential to evolve mungbean cultivars suitable to prevailing cropping system in Haryana and assure market procurement. The exploration of mungbean cultivation will reduce dependency on import and improve net availability of pulses in India.
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