Loading...

Production Potential and Economic Feasibility of Planting Pattern and Nutrient Management in Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) Based Intercropping System under Rainfed Condition

DOI: 10.18805/LR-4226    | Article Id: LR-4226 | Page : 1284-1292
Citation :- Production Potential and Economic Feasibility of Planting Pattern and Nutrient Management in Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) Based Intercropping System under Rainfed Condition.Legume Research.2021.(44):1284-1292
I.B. Pandey, S. Tiwari, R.S. Singh indubhushanpandey@gmail.com
Address : Tirhut College of Agriculture, Dholi, Muzaffarpur, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University,Pusa, Samastipur-848 125, Bihar, India.
Submitted Date : 29-08-2019
Accepted Date : 4-01-2020

Abstract

Background: Pigeonpea grown as sole crop is not economically viable because of its slow initial growth rate, low productivity and longer duration. The initial slow growth rate, widely spaced, deep root system and longer duration of pigeonpea offers a good scope for intercropping with fast growing and early maturing compatible crops. Proper row arrangement of main as well as intercrops in appropriate proportion is the promising way to exploit the natural resources such as space, nutrient, sunlight, soil moisture to greater extent and boost up the system productivity.
Methods: The study was carried out for four consecutive years during kharif 2013-14 to 2016-17 at Tirhut College of Agriculture, Dholi, RPCAU, Pusa, Bihar. The treatment comprised 3 intercropping systems with two method of planting viz, pigeonpea (60 cm)+ urdbean (1:1), pigeonpea (60 cm) + sesame (1:1), pigeonpea (60 cm) + sorghum (1:1), pigeonpea paired (45 cm) + urdbean (2:2), pigeonpea paired (45 cm) + sesame (2:2), pigeonpea paired (45 cm) + sorghum (2:2) and 3 fertilizer levels of intercrop viz, 75% recommended dose of fertilizer (RDF), 100% RDF and 125% RDF along with sole crop of pigeonpea, urdbean, sesame and sorghum. 
Result: Intercropping of urd bean [Vignamungo (L.) Hepper], sesame (sesamumindicum (L.) and sorghum (sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] paired row planting of pigeonpea (45 cm) in 2:2 row ratio recorded significantly higher pigeonpea – equivalent yield, LER, water-use efficiency, production efficiency and net return than their intercropping with pigeonpea in normal planting pattern (60 cm) in 1:1 row ratio and sole pigeonpea. However, only pigeonpea + urdbean and pigeonpea + sesame in paired row planting recorded significantly higher B:C ratio than sole pigeonpea. Pigeonpea + urdbean in paired row planting recorded significantly higher pigeonpea equivalent yield (3.57 t/ha), LER (1.81), water-use efficiency (4.96 kg ha/mm), production efficiency (12.01 kg/ha/day), NPK-uptake by pigeonpea, net return (148.63 x 103 ¹ /ha) and B:C ratio (4.84) than their intercropping in normal planting pattern, pigeonpea + sesame and pigeonpea + sorghum in both planting pattern. Pigeonpea + urdbean and pigeonpea + sesame in paired row recorded significantly higher number and dry weight of nodules/plant than sole pigeonpea. Pigeonpea equivalent yield in pigeonpea + urdbean intercropping system did not increased significantly with increasing levels of fertilizer. However, it increased significantly upto RDF and 125% RDF of sesame and sorghum in pigeonpea + sesame and pigeonpea + sorghum intercropping systems respectively in both the planting pattern. Pigeonpea + urdbean in both the planting pattern reduced bulk density of the soil and increased organic carbon, available N,P,K content of the soil than other intercropping systems and initial soil value but magnitude of improvement in physico-chemical properties of soil was higher in paired row planting.

Keywords

Fruiting efficiency NPK uptake Paired row planting Pigeonpea equivalent yield Production efficiency Water-use efficiency.

References

  1. Anonymous (2019). Project Coordinators Report of All India Coordinated Research Project on pigeonpea. (2018-19) pp. 23-25.
  2. Ansari, M.A., Rana, K.S., Rana, D.S. and Kumar, P. (2011). Effect of nutrient management and antitranspirant on rainfed sole and intercropped pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) and pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan). Indian Journal of Agronomy. 56(3): 209-2016.
  3. Barod, N.K., Kumar, S., Dhakand, A.K. and Irfan, M. (2017). Effect of intercropping system on economics and yield of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.), Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.) under Western Haryana condition. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 6(3): 2240-2247.
  4. Cochran, W.G. and Cox, G.M. (1977). Experimental Design. Asia Publishing House, Calcutta. Pp. 95-132 and 145-181.
  5. Gound, V.V., Kale, H.B., Konde, N.M. and Mohod, P.V. (2012). Optimization of agronomic requirement for medium duration pigeonpea hybrid under rainfed condition in vertisol. Legume Research. 35(3): 261-264.
  6. Kasbe, A.B., Karanjikar, P.N., Thete, N.M. (2010). Effect of planting pattern and intercropping of soybean-pigeonpea on growth and yield. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural University. 35(3): 381-384.
  7. Kumar, D., Awasthi, U.D., Uttam, S.K., Yadav, P.V., singh, R.P. and Kumar, R. (2018). Livelihood security through pigeonpea based intercropping, effect on yield attributing characters based yield under rainfed condition. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 7(1): 1729-1732.
  8. Kumar, P., Rana, K.S. and Rana, D.S. (2012). Effect of planting systems and phosphorus with biofertilizers on the perfor- -mance of sole and intercropped pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) under rainfed condition. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 57(2): 127-132.
  9. Kumar, S., Singh, R.C. and Kadian, V.S. (2005). Compatibility of pigeonpea and green gram intercropping systems in relation to row ratio and row spacing. Legume Research. 28(3): 213-215.
  10. Kumar, U. and Kushwaha, H.S. (2018). Studies on nutrient manage- -ment in pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp] based intercropping system of urdbean, sesame and mungbean. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 7(2): 490-494. 
  11. Kumawat, N., Singh, R.D., Kumar, R. and Om, H. (2013). Effect of intergrated nutrient management on performance of sole and intercropped pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) under rainfed condition. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 58(3): 309-315.
  12. Pandey, I.B., Pandey, R.K. and Tiwari, S. (2013). Integrated nutrient management for sustaining the productivity of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan)-based intercropping systems under rainfed condition. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 58(2): 192-197.
  13. Pandey, I.B., Pandey, R.K. and Kumar, R. (2015). Integrated nutrient management for enhancing productivity and profitability of long duration pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) under rainfed condition. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 60(3): 436-442.
  14. Pandey, I.B. and Tiwari, S. (2017). Nutrient management for enhancing productivity of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan)-based intercropping system under rainfed condition. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 62(4): 451-457.
  15. Sekhon, F.S. (2018). Productivity and nutrient uptake of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) in pigeonpea based intercropping systems as influenced by planting pattern and nutrient levels applied to intercrops. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 88(10): 1582-86. 
  16. Singh, R., Malik, J.K., Thenua, O.V.S. and Jat, H.S. (2013). Effect of phosphorus and biofertilizer on productivity, nutrient uptake and economics of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) + mungbean (Phaseolus radiatus) intercropping system. Legume Research. 36(1): 41-48.
  17. Tiwari, D., Sharma, B.B. and Singh, V.K. (2011). Effect of integrated nutrient management in pigeonpea-based intercropping system. Journal of Food Legumes. 24(4): 304-309.
  18. Umesh, M.R., Shankar, M.A. and Nanda, N. (2013). Yield, nutrient uptake and economics of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) genotypes under nutrient supply level in dry land alfisols of Karnataka. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 58(4): 554-559.

Global Footprints