Direct and Residual Effect of Planting Method and Phosphorous Levels on Productivity and Agro-Meteorological Indices, Thermal and Energy Efficiencies in Mungbean– Wheat Cropping System

DOI: 10.18805/LR-4194    | Article Id: LR-4194 | Page : 111-116
Citation :- Direct and Residual Effect of Planting Method and Phosphorous Levels on Productivity and Agro-Meteorological Indices, Thermal and Energy Efficiencies in Mungbean– Wheat Cropping System.Legume Research-An International Journal.2020.(43):111-116
Parveen Kumar, Karmal Singh, K.D. Sharma, Anil Kumar and Amit Kumar  rohilaparveen@gmail.com
Address : Department of Agronomy, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125 004, Haryana, India. 
Submitted Date : 11-07-2019
Accepted Date : 4-09-2019

Abstract

Field experiments were conducted for two consecutive years during kharif and rabi season of 2015-16 and 2016-17 at Research area, Department of Agronomy, CCSHAU, Hisar to evaluate the direct and residual effect of planting methods and phosphorus levels on productivity, agro-meteorological indices, thermal and energy efficiencies in mungbean– wheat cropping system. The experiment was laid out in split plot design during kharif and in split -split plot design during Rabi with five replications at same site during both the years. Main plot treatments consisted of planting methods viz. furrow irrigated raised bed (FIRB) and conventional where as sub plot consisted of three levels of phosphorus, viz., 30, 40 and 50 kg P2O5 /ha applied to mungbean in kharif and sub -sub treatments applied to wheat in rabi were 40, 50 and 60 kg P2O5 /ha. Sowing of mungbean and wheat crops on beds i.e. furrow irrigated raised bed was superior over conventional sowing in respect of productivity. In mungbean, application of 50 kg P2O5/ha to mungbean significantly increased grain yield over 30 and 40 kg P2O5/ha, respectively but it did not differ significantly with 40 kg P2O5/ha. The residual effect of phosphorous applied to mungbean was found to be non significant on yield attributes and yield of wheat. However, direct application of phosphorous to wheat had significant effect on yield attributes and yield. The agro meteorological indices values were similar under FIRB and conventional method however, thermal and energy efficiencies were higher under FIRB planting as compared to conventional and increased with increasing levels of phosphorous. 

Keywords

Mungbean Phosphorous uptake Phosphorus Residual effect Wheat Plant Water relation

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