Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 43 issue 3 (june 2020) : 345-352

Bio-Physico-Chemical Response of Drought Tolerant Chickpeas to Nickel

Renu Yadav, Vanita Jain, Vaishali, V.S. Hegde, Neelam Yadav, Rajendra Kumar
1Department of Biotechnology, S.V.P. University of Agricultural and Tech. Meerut-250 110, Uttar Pradesh, India.
  • Submitted17-06-2019|

  • Accepted20-09-2019|

  • First Online 03-12-2019|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-4179

Cite article:- Yadav Renu, Jain Vanita, Vaishali, Hegde V.S., Yadav Neelam, Kumar Rajendra (2019). Bio-Physico-Chemical Response of Drought Tolerant Chickpeas to Nickel. Legume Research. 43(3): 345-352. doi: 10.18805/LR-4179.
 Experiments were conducted to evaluate response of two genetically different drought tolerant varieties of Cicer arietinum L. namely PUSA 1103, Desi variety and PUSA 1105, Kabuli variety to the basal applications of nickel chloride doses viz; 0, 0.62, 3.12, 12.5, 62.5 and 125 µg g-1. Significant increase in the growth was observed at 0.62 and 3.12 µg g-1 nickel chloride doses. Addition of nickel dose above this level reduced the leaf area, plant growth, root length and yield of the plants. Fruiting stage showed more severe toxicity symptoms in comparison to the vegetative stages. Protein contents in seeds and chlorophyll contents along with nitrate reductase activity increased significantly in the leaves at the lower nickel doses. Peroxidase and superoxide-dismutase activities increased in a concomitant manner with increasing nickel concentrations. Increased concentrations of the soil applied nickel demonstrated an increase in the content of nickel higher in shoots also followed by roots. Accumulation of nickel and grain yield was higher in Desi chickpea variety PUSA 1103, indicating for its potential utilization in crop improvement strategies to breed new chickpea genotypes for nickel and drought resistance.
  1. Alhinson D. W. and Dzialo C. (1981). The influence of lead, cadmium and nickel on the growth of rye grass and oats. Plant Soil. 62: 81-89.
  2. Ali H., Khan E. and Sajad M. A. (2013). Phytoremediation of heavy metals-concepts and applications. Chemosphere. 91(7): 869–881.
  3. Aydinalp and Marinova S. (2009). The effects of heavy metals on seed germination and plant growth on alfalfa plant (Medicago sativa). Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science.15 (4): 347–350.
  4. Baby J. and Jini D. (2011). Development of salt stress-tolerant plants by gene manipulation of antioxidant enzymes. Asian J. Agric. Res, 5: 17-27.
  5. Bell M.J., Mclanghlin M., Barry N.V., Halpin and Cozens G. (2007). Management effects on Cadmium accumulation by peanut and soyabean. Proceedings of the Australian Agronomy Confrence. 8-16.
  6. Bingham F.T., Sposito G., Strong J.E. (1984). The effects of chloride on the availability of cadmium. Journal of Enviornmental. Quality. 13:71-74.
  7. Bingham F.T., Sposito G., Strong J. E. (1986). The effects of sulfate on the availability of Cadmium. Soil Science.141: 172-177.
  8. Bloom P.R. (1981). Metal Organic matter interactions in soil. In Chemistry in the soil environment. ASA Spec. Publ. No.40. Madison, Wl.129-150.
  9. Bradford M. M. (1976). A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of micro-gram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein- dye binding. Analytical Biochemistry. 72: 248-254.
  10. Casstilho P.D.,Chardon W. J., Salmonas W. (1993). Influence of cattlemanures slurry application on the solubility of cadimum, copper and zinc in a manured acidic, loamy sand soil. Journal of Enviornmental Quality. 22: 689-697.
  11. Dube B. K., Sinha P., Chatterjee C. (2002). Changes in spinach metabolism by excess cadmium. Nature Environment and Pollution Technology. 225-229.
  12. Emamverdian A., Ding Y., Mokhberdoran F. and Xie Y. (2015). Heavy metal stress and some mechanisms of plant defense response. Scientific World Journal. 18: doi: 10.1155/2015/756120.
  13. Fusun yurekli and Porgali Z.B. (2006). The effects of excessive exposure to copper in bean plants Acta Biologica Cracoviensia. Series Botanica. 48(2):7-13 · 
  14. Garg N. and Singla R. (2006). Changes in the nodular metabolism in desi and kabuli genotypes of chickpea (cicer arietinum l.) under salt stress. Legume Res. 29 (1): 1 – 10.
  15. Gratao P.L. , Polle A., Lea P.J. and Azevedo P. (2005). Making the life of heavy metal-stressed plants a little easier. Functional Plant Biology. 32: 481-484.
  16. Iyaka (2011). Nickel in soils: a review of its distribution and impacts. Scientific Research and Essays. 6 (33): 6774– 6777.
  17. Ma J., Lv C., Xu M., Chen G., Lv C. and Gao Z. (2016). Photosynthesis performance, antioxidant enzymes and ultrastructural analyses of rice seedlings under chromium stress. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 23(2): 1768–1778.
  18. Khan M. R. and .Khan M.M. (2010). Effect of varying concentration of nickel and cobalt on the plant growth and yield of chickpea. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 4 (6): 1036–1046.
  19. Khan M.R., Khan M. W. Singh K. (1996). Effects of nickel and rook Knot nematode on the growth and protein content of chick pea. Nematologia Mediterranean. 24 C D: 87- 90.
  20. Krogstad T. (1983). Effects of liming and decomposition on chemical composition, ion exchange and heavy metal ion selectivity in Sphagnum peat. Scientific Reports of the Agricultural University of Norway, Aas, Norway. 79.
  21. Krupa Z., Siedlecka A., Maksymiec W., Baszynski T. (1993). In vivo response of photosynthetic apparatus of Phaseolus vulgaris L. to nickel toxicity. Journal of Plant Physiology. 142: 664-668.
  22. Lo K.S.L., Yang W.F.and Lin Y.C. (1992). Effects of organic matter on the specific adsorption of heavy metals by soil. Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry. 34: 139-153.
  23. McBridge M.B., Tylor L.D., Hovde D.V. (1981). Cadmium adsorption by soils and uptake by plants as affected by soil chemical properties. Soil Science Society American Journal. 45: 739-744.
  24. Mendelssohn I. A., McKee K. L., Kong T. (2001). A comparison of physiological indicators of sub lethal cadmium stress in wetland plants. Environmental and Experimental Botany. 46: 263-275.
  25. Middletonm E. M., Teramura A. H. (1993). The role of flavonol glycosidaseses and carotenoids in protecting soybean, from UV-    Bdamage. Plant Physiology. 103: 741-752.
  26. Miller R. J., Bittell J. E. and Skoeppa D. E. (1993). The effect of cadmium on electron and energy transfer reaction in corn mitrochondria. Plantarum. 28: 166-71.
  27. Monni S., Uhlig C., Hansen E, Maget E. (2001) .The tolerance of Empetrum nigrum to copper and nickel. Enviornmental Pollution. 09: 221-229.
  28. Nagajyoti P. C., Lee K .D. and Sreekanth T.V.M. (2010). Heavy metal, occurrence and toxicity for plants: a review. Environmental Chemistry Letters. 8: 199–216. 
  29. Nakano Y.and Asada K. (1981). Hydrogen peroxide is scavenged by ascorbate specific peroxidase in spinach chloroplast. Plant Cell Physiology. 22: 867-880.
  30. Nicholas J .D. and Nason A. (1957). Determination of nitrate and nitrite. Methods in Enzymology. 3: 981–984.
  31. Oves M., Khan S., Qari H., Felemban N.and Almeelbi T. (2016). Heavy Metals: biological importance and detoxification strategies. Journal of Bioremediation and Biodegradation. 7: 334. doi: 10.4172/2155-6199.1000334.
  32. Passardi E. Cosio, C. Penel C., Demard C. (2005). Peroxidases have more functions then a swiss army knife. Plant Cell Rep. 24:255-263.
  33. Pätsikkä E., Kairavuo M. Šeršen F. Eva-Mari Aro and Tyystjärvi E. (2002). Excess Copper Predisposes Photosystem II to Photoinhibition in Vivo by Outcompeting Iron and Causing Decrease in Leaf Chlorophyll. Plant Physiol. 129(3): 1359–1367.
  34. Peralta J. R., Gerdea J. L., Torresdey K. J., Tiemann E.,Gomez S., Arteaga E., Rascon, J. and Parsons G. (2000). Study of the effect of heavy Metals on seed Germination and plant growth on Alfalfa plant (Medicago sativa L.) grown in solid media. Proceeding of the 2000 Conference on Hazardous Waste Research: 135-140.
  35. Rana A. and Masood A. (2002). Heavy Metal Toxicity: Effect on plant growth and metal uptake by wheat and on free living azotobacter. Water, air and soil pollution. 38 (1): 165-180.
  36. Sethy S. K .and Ghosh S. (2013). Effect of heavy metals on germination of seeds. Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine. 4(2): 272–275.
  37. Solomonson L.P. and Barber M.J. (1990). Assimilatory nitrate reductase functional properties and regulation. Annu Rev Plant Physiol Plant Mol Biol. 41, 225-253.
  38. Srivastava H.S. (1980). Regulation of nitrate reductase activity in higher plants. Phytochem, 17: 725-733.
  39. Uliana Ya., Stambulska Maria M., Bayliak, Volodymyr I. Lushchak (2018). Chromium (VI) toxicity in legume plants: Modulation effects of rhizobial symbiosis. BioMed Research International. Article ID 8031213, 13 pages. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/    8031213
  40. Vernon L.P. (1960). Spectrophotometeric determination of chlorophylls and phaeophyties in plant extracts. Annals of Chemistry. 32: 1150.
  41. Yadav R., Kumar J., Jain V., Singh I. B.,.Misra J. P. and Kumar R. (2007). Nickel dose for development of mapping population for nickel resistance in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L). Indian Journal of Crop Science. 2(2): 399-402.
  42. Yurekli F. and Anu Porgali Z. B. (2006) .The effect of excessive exposure to copper in bean plants. Acta Biologica Cracovienata. 48(2): 7-13.
  43. Xue Z., Gao H. and Zhao S. (2014). Effects of cadmium on the photosynthetic activity in mature and young leaves of soybean plants. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 21 (6): 4656–4664. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)