Estimates of genetic variability, divergence, correlation and path coefficient for morphological traits in fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) genotypes

DOI: 10.18805/LR-4090    | Article Id: LR-4090 | Page : 281-286
Citation :- Estimates of genetic variability, divergence, correlation and path coefficient for morphological traits in fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) genotypes.Legume Research-An International Journal.2021.(44):281-286
R.S. Meena, Sharda Choudhary, A.K. Verma, N.K. Meena and Suresh Chand Mali
Address : ICAR-National Research Centre on Seed Spices, Tabiji, Ajmer-305 206, Rajasthan, India.
Submitted Date : 15-10-2018
Accepted Date : 14-03-2019


Seventeen genotypes of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) were evaluated at ICAR-NRCSS, Ajmer (Rajasthan) during rabi 2014-15 and 2015-16. The highest GCV and PCV were observed for seed yield per plot followed by test weight and 5 plants seed yield. The highest genetic advance was observed for seed yield per plot followed by 5 plants seed yield and plant height. The highest heritability was estimated for 5 plants seed yield followed by plant height and number of primary branches. The genotypes were grouped into six clusters. Inter cluster distance was maximum between clusters IV and VI followed by III and VI while minimum between clusters II and IV. Whereas, the intra-cluster distance was maximum for Cluster-I. Among the eight characters studied for genetic divergence, 5 plants’ seed yield contributed the maximum accounting for 46.32% of total divergence, followed by number of primary branches (16.9%) and plant height (12.5%). It was concluded that improvement of seed yield in fenugreek can possible through selection for number of pod per plant, number of seeds per pod, plant height and number of primary branches. Molecular studies also supported the same findings.


Inter relationship and path coefficient Trigonella foenum-graecum Variability.


  1. Al-Jibouri, H.A., Miller, P.A.and Robinson, H.F.(1958). Genotypic and environmental variance and covariance in an upland cotton cross of inter specific origin. Agron. J. 50: 633-636.
  2. Ananya, B.and Kole, P.C.(2004). Genetic variability, correlation and path analysis in fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) J. Spices Arom. Crops 13: 44-48.
  3. Balodi, B. and Rao, R.R. (1991).The genus Trigonella L. (Fabaceae) in the Northwest Himalaya. J. Econ. Taxon.5: 11-6.
  4. Banerjee, A. and Kole, P. C. (2004). Analysis of genetic divergence in fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops, 13(1): 49-51. 
  5. Burton, G.W.(1952). Quantitative inheritance in grasses. Proceedings, 6th International Grassland Congress 1: 277-285.
  6. Chandra, K., Sastry, E.V.D.and Singh, D.(2000). Genetic variation and character association of grain yield and its component characters in fenugreek. Agric. Sci. Digest 20: 93-95.
  7. Dashora, A., Maloo, S. R. and Dashora, L.K. (2011). Variability, correlation and path coefficient analysis in fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) under water limited conditions. Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops, 20: 38-42.
  8. Datta, S. and Chatterjee, R. (2004). Performance of fenugreek genotypes under new alluvial zone of West Bengal. Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops,13:132-134.
  9. Dewey, D.R.and Lu, K.H.(1959). A correlation and path analysis of components of crested wheat grass seed production. Agron. J.51: 515-518.
  10. Elias, U. (1992). Correlation and performance study of groundnut varieties in Ethiopia. MSc. Thesis. Alemaya University of Agriculture, Ethiopia.
  11. Fikreselassie, M., Zeleke, H. and Alemayehu, N. (2012). Correlation and Path Analysis in Ethiopian Fenugreek (Trigonellafoenum-    graecum L.) Landraces.Crown Research in Education, 2:132-142.
  12. Johnson, H.W., Robinson, H.F.and Comstock, R.E.(1955). Estimates of genetic and environmental variability in soybean. Agron. J.47: 314-318.
  13. Kempthorne, O. (1957). An Introduction to Genetic Statistics. John Wiley and Sons, Inc: New York.
  14. Kole, P.C. and Saha, A. (2013). Correlation coefficient of component characters with seed yield and their direct effects in path analysis in fenugreek grown under six environments. Journal of Horticulture and Forestry, 5:17-20.
  15. Kumar, A., Krishna, R.and Chaturvedi, S.K.(1998). Genetic divergence in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Indian J. Genet.58: 337-342.
  16. Loomis, R.S. and Connor, D.J. (1992). Crop Ecology: productivity and management in agricultural systems. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 420pp.
  17. Meena, S.S., Lal, G., Mehta, R.S., Kant, K. and Anwer, M.M. (2010). Seed spices for home remedies. Indian Horticulture:pp.6-8.
  18. Naik, A. (2012). Characterization fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecumL.) genotypes through morphological characters. Intl. J. Agric. Env. Biotech. 5:453-457.
  19. Pandey, S. and Gritton, E.T. (1973). Genotypic and phenotypic correlation of peas. Crop Science, 15:353-356.
  20. Panse V. G.andSukhatme, P.V. 1985 Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers. 2nd Edn. Indian Council of Agricultural Re-search, New Delhi.
  21. Pant, K.C., Chandel, K.P.S.and Pant, D.C.(1984). Variability and path coefficient in fenugreek. Indian J. Agric. Sci. 54: 655-658.
  22. Prajapati, D.B., Ravindrababu, Y. and Prajapati, B.H. (2010). Genetic variability and character association in fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops, 19: 61-64.
  23. Rohlf F J. (1998). NTSYS-PC Numerical taxonomy and multivariate analysis system. Version 2.02e. EXETER Software, New York. 
  24. Saha, A.and Kale, P.C.(2001). Genetic variability in fenugreek grown in sub-humid lateritic belt of West Bengal. Madras Agric. J.88: 345-348.
  25. Sarada, C., Giridhar and Rao, H. (2008). Studies on genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance in fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops,17:163-166.
  26. Singh G & Singh M 1995 Genetic divergence in black gram. Crop Improv.22: 69-72.
  27. Singh, R.R.and Raghuvanshi, S.S.(1984). Correlation and path coefficient analysis in fenugreek. Indian J. Hort. 41: 294-298
  28. Singh, Y., Dutt, S., Sharma, S. and Sharma, A. (2006). Association of characters and their direct and indirect contribution for seed yield in fenugreek. (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). Journal of ResearchSkuast-J.5:972-978. 

Global Footprints