Genetic diversity in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) based on reaction to biotic stresses and productivity parameters

DOI: 10.18805/LR-4084    | Article Id: LR-4084 | Page : 131-137
Citation :- Genetic diversity in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) based on reaction to biotic stresses and productivity parameters.Legume Research-An International Journal.2021.(44):131-137
M.A. Saleem, G.K. Naidu, H.L. Nadaf and P.S. Tippannavar
Address : AICRP on Groundnut, Main Agriculture Research Station University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad-580 005, Karnataka, India.
Submitted Date : 20-09-2018
Accepted Date : 20-12-2018


A set 184 mini core genotypes along with twelve checks of groundnut were evaluated for their reaction to Spodoptera litura, late leaf spot and rust at hotspot location in addition to their studies on eight productivity traits to assess the genetic diversity during rainy season of 2017. D2 analysis based on the aforesaid traits grouped the196 genotypes into twenty-five clusters. Maximum inter cluster distance was between cluster XXIII and cluster VI (836.06) while the same for intra cluster was in cluster IV (95.94). Genotypes with resistance to different biotic stresses were distributed mainly in different solitary clusters. Cluster XIV (ICG 5051) and cluster XII (ICG 76) had genotypes with resistance to Spodoptera litura.The genotype, (ICG 12625) also belonging to solitary cluster XVIII had shown resistance to late leaf spot while the genotypes in clusters XVII (ICGV 87157) and cluster XXII (ICG 13723) had resistance to rust. Number of primary branches per plant (48.41%), hundred seed weight (13.13%), reaction to Spodoptera litura (11.33%), and yield per plant (8.33%) mainly contributed to diversity in the groundnut mini core. The genotypes, ICG 5051, ICG 76, ICG 12625, ICG 76 and ICG 4412 may serve as diverse sources for resistance to different biotic stresses in groundnut. ICG 2381, a multiple stress resistant genotype (Spodoptera litura, late leaf spot and rust) in the cluster IV can be utilised in the multiple stress resistance breeding in groundnut.


Genetic diversity Groundnut Late leaf spot Mini core Rust Spodoptera litura.


  1. Anonymous,(2015). Proc. Annu. Groundnut Workshop. Crop Protection, 13, April, 2015,Junagadh Agric. Univ., Junagadh (India), pp. 22-23. 
  2. Arya, S. S., Salve, A. R. and Chauhan, S., (2016). Peanuts as functional food: a review. J. Food Sci. Technol., 53: 31-41. 
  3. Bhakal, M. and Lal, G. M., (2015). Studies on genetic diversity in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) germplasm. J. Plant Sci. Res., 2(2): 128-132.
  4. Chaudhari, S., Khare, D., Sundravadana, S., Manohar, S. and Variath, M. T., (2017). Capturing genetic diversity in genomic selection panel of groundnut for foliar disease resistance, yield and nutritional quality traits. Int. J. Genet.,9(5): 278-283.
  5. FAO, (2016). FAOSTAT data base.
  6. Ganapati, M., Nadaf, H. L., Gowda, M. V. C., Bhat, R. S. and Upadhyaya, H. D., (2014). Genetic diversity analysis based on nutritional, oil quality and yield component traits in mini core collection of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Karnataka J. Agric. Sci.,27(2): 219-221.
  7. Janila, P., Venuprasad, R., Abhishek, R., Aruna, R., Kanaka, R., Farid, W. and Nigam, S. N., (2013). Genetic analysis of resistance to late leaf spot in interspecific groundnuts. Euphytica,193: 13-25.
  8. Kulkarni, K. A., (1989). Bio ecology and management of Spodopter alitura (F.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Ph. D. Thesis. Univ. Agric. Sci., Dharwad, Karnataka, India.
  9. Mahesh, R. H. and Hasan, K., (2018). Analysis of genetic diversity of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) genotypes collected from various parts of India. J. Pharmacognosy Phytochem.,7(2): 1100-1103.
  10. Murty, B. R. and Arunachalam, V., (1966). The nature of divergence in relation to breeding systems in crop plants. Indian J. Genet., 25: 188-198. 
  11. Rao, (1952). Advanced Statistical Methods in Biometrical Research. John Willey and Sons, New York, pp. 357-363.
  12. Raza, M., Reddi, S. M., Priya, M. S., Prasad, T.N.V.K.V. and Rajarajeswari, V., (2018). Genetic diversity studies for pod yield and nutrient uptake related traits in groundnut. Indian J. Agric. Res., 52(4): 380-385.
  13. Saleem, M. A., (2018). Genetic analysis of resistance to biotic stresses with special reference to Spodoptera litura in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.), M. Sc. (Agri.) Thesis, Univ. Agric. Sci., Dharwad. India.
  14. Sandhikar, R. N., Bulbule, S. Y. and Mayee, C. D., (1989). Prediction models for rust epidemic in groundnut. Indian J. Mycol. Pl. Pathol., 19: 60-67. 
  15. Subrahamanyam, P., McDonald. D., Waliar, F., Reddy, L. J., Nigam, S. N., Gibbons, R. W., et al (1995). Screening methods and sources of resistance to rust and late leaf spot of groundnut. Information Bull., No. 47, International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, Hyderabad (India), pp. 54-58. 
  16. Upadhyaya, H. D., Dwivedi, S. L., Vadez, V., Hamidou, F., Singh, S., Varshney, R. K. and Liao, B., (2014). Multiple resistant and nutritionally dense germplasm identified from mini core collection in peanut. Crop Sci., 54(2): 679-693.
  17. Venkateswarlu, O., Sudhakar, B.V.G., Reddi Sekhar M. and Sukhakar P., (2011). Genetic divergence in confectionary types of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Legume Res., 34 (1): 1-7.
  18. Vijay, K., (2015). Genetic diversity and trait association studies for some economic traits in rice (Oryza sativa L.).The Bioscan, 10(2): 899-904.
  19. Waghmode, B. D., Navhale, V. C., Sonone, N. G. and Bhave, S. G., (2017). Assessment of genetic diversity in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) genotypes under Konkan condition in Maharashtra. Adv. Agric. Res. Technol. J.,1(1): 84-87.
  20. Yadav, S. R., Rathod, A. H., Shinde, A. S., Patade, S. S., Patil, C. N. and Vaghela, P. O., (2014). Genetic variability and divergence studies in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Int. J. Agric. Sci.,10(2): 691-694.
  21. Zaman, M. A., Tuhina-Khatun, M., Bhuiyan, M. M. H., Moniruzzamn, M. and Yousuf, M. N., (2010). Genetic divergence in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Bangladesh J. Plant Breed. Genet.,23(1): 45-49. 

Global Footprints