Bioefficacy of chemical insecticides against major sucking insectpests on grain  legumes in India- A review

DOI: 10.18805/LR-4074    | Article Id: LR-4074 | Page : 1-7
Citation :- Bioefficacy of chemical insecticides against major sucking insectpests on grain legumes in India- A review.Legume Research-An International Journal.2020.(43):1-7
P. Seetharamu, K. Swathi, S. Dhurua, M. Suresh, S. Govindarao and N. Sreesandhya seetharamento@gmail.com
Address : Department of Entomology, Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Agricultural College, Naira-532 185, Srikakulam (Dist.), Andhra Pradesh, India.
Submitted Date : 25-08-2018
Accepted Date : 7-01-2019

Abstract

Grain legumes are the important source of dietary protein in tropical regions and insect pests  are the major biotic constraints in the production of the grain legumes throughout the country.  About 150 species of insects are known to attack pulse crops in India. Among the insect pests, the sucking pests like aphid, Aphis  craccivora Koch; jassid, Empoasca kerri Pruthi; whitefly, Bemisia  tabaci Gennadius, thrips,Thrips palmi Karny and flower thrips, Megalurothrips usitatus Bagnall are known to cause significant damage  to the pulse crops and also indirectly acting as a vectors in transmitting the deadly diseases resulting in severe loss in grain yields of the legume crops. The present review highlights the losses caused by the sucking pests and critically review the literature generated on the bio efficacy of conventional and novel groups of chemical insecticides for the management of sucking pests infesting grain legumes at different locations in India.   

Keywords

Aphis craccivora Bemisia tabaci Chemical insecticidal management Empoasca kerri Grain legumes Thrips palmi.

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