Identification of new sources of resistance in Rajmash (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) against powdery mildew (Erysiphe polygoni) and stem rot (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum) diseases

DOI: 10.18805/LR-4068    | Article Id: LR-4068 | Page : 430-433
Citation :- Identification of new sources of resistance in Rajmash (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) against powdery mildew (Erysiphe polygoni) and stem rot (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum) diseases.Legume Research-An International Journal.2019.(42):430-433
R.K. Mishra, A.K. Parihar, T. Basvaraj and Krishna Kumar rajpathologist@yahoo.com
Address : ICAR-Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur-208 024, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Submitted Date : 3-08-2018
Accepted Date : 11-03-2019

Abstract

Rajmash (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is one of the important legume crops of North and Central India. This crop is commonly affected by most devastating diseases like powdery mildew and stem rot. Therefore, identification of new resistance source is urgently needed to achieve potential yield. In present investigation fifty-two genotypes of rajmash comprising landraces, cultivars and exotic genotypes were screened against powdery mildew and stem rot diseases under natural field conditions during rabi 2014-15 and 2015-16. The results revealed that, out of 52 genotypes screened against powdery mildew disease, four genotypes/cultivars were free from powdery mildew disease, 16 were found resistant, 12 were moderately resistant, 4 were moderately susceptible, 10 were susceptible and 6 lines were highly susceptible. In case of Sclerotinia stem rot disease, out of 52 genotypes 20 genotypes exhibited resistance, 12 moderately resistance, 7 found susceptible and 5 genotypes were highly susceptible. Furthermore, only four genotypes viz., EC150250, BLF101, EC 565673A and GPR 203 demonstrated resistance reaction against both powdery mildew and stem rot disease. Thus, these genotypes could be used in breeding programme as donor for development of disease resistant varieties against powdery mildew and stem rot disease in future.  

Keywords

Disease resistance Powdery mildew Rajmash Stem rot.

References

  1. Agrios, G. N. (2005). Plant Pathology. 5th edition. Elsevier pp. 249-263, London.
  2. Chankaew, S.P., Somta, T., Isemura, N., Tomooka, A., Kaga, D. A., Vaughan and Srinives, P. (2013). Quantitative trait locus mapping reveals conservation of major and minor loci for powdery mildew resistance in four sources of resistance in mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek]. Molecular Breeding, 32:121–130.
  3. Das, T., Hajong, M., Majumdar, D., Tombisana Devi, R. K., and Rajesh, T. (2016). Climate Change Impacts on Plant Diseases. SAARC Journal of Agriculture, 14: 200-209.
  4. Ester, M., Ana, C., and Juan, J. F. (2017). Identification of new resistance sources to powdery mildew, and the genetic characterization of resistance in three common bean genotypes. Crop & Pasture Science, 68:1006–1012. 
  5. Fondevilla, S., Carver, T.L.W., Moreno, M.T., and Rubiales, D. (2008). Macroscopic and histological characterization of genes er1 and er2 for powdery mildew resistance in pea. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 115: 309–321.
  6. Fondevilla, S., Rubiales, D., Moreno, M.T., and Torres, A. M. (2008). Identification and validation of RAPD and SCAR markers linked to the gene Er3 conferring resistance to Erysiphe pisi DC in pea. Molecular Breeding, 22:193–200.
  7. Gawande, V. L. and Patil, J. V. (2003). Genetics of powdery mildew (Erysiphe polygoni DC.) resistance in mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilezck]. Crop Protection, 22: 567-571.
  8. Kandel, R., Chen, C.Y., Grau, C.R., Dorrance, A.E., Liu, J.Q., Wang, Y., and Wang. D. (2018). Soybean resistance to white mold: evaluation of soybean germplasm under different conditions and validation of QTL. Frontier in Plant Science, 9: 505. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2018.00505
  9. Kolkman, J. M., and Kelly, J. D. (2000). An indirect test using oxalate to determine physiological resistance to white mold in common bean. Crop Science, 40: 281:285.
  10. Kull, L. S., Vuong, T. D., Powers, K. S., Eskridge, K. M., Steadman, J. R., and Hartman, G. L. (2003). Evaluation of three resistance screening methods using six Sclerotinia sclerotiorum isolates and three entries of each soybean and dry bean. Plant Disease, 87: 1471–1476. 
  11. Kumar, V., Sharma, S., Sharma, A.K., Sharma, S., and Bhat, K.V. (2009). Comparative analysis of diversity based on morpho-agronomic traits and microsatellite markers in common bean. Euphytica, 170: 249-262.
  12. Li, D., Sun, M., Han, Y., Teng, W., and Li, W. (2010). Identification of QTL underlying soluble pigment content in soybean stems related to resistance to soybean white mold (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum). Euphytica, 172: 49-57.
  13. Miklas, P., Kelly, J., Beebi S., and Blair M. (2006). Common bean breeding for resistance against biotic and abiotic stresses from classical to MAS breeding. Euphytica, 147: 105-131.
  14. Mueller, D. S., Dorrance, A. E., Derksen, R. C., Ozkan, E., Grau, C. R., Gaska, J. M., Hartman, G. L., Bradley, C. A., and Pedersen, W. L. (2002). Efficacy of fungicides on Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and their potential for control of Sclerotinia stem rot of soybean. Plant Disease, 86: 26–31.
  15. Rana, J. C., Pradheep, K., Chaurasia, O.P., Sood, S., Sharma, R. M., Singh, A., and Negi, R. (2011). Genetic resources of wild edible plants and their uses among tribal communities of cold arid region of India. Genet. Resour. Crop Evolution, 59:135–149.
  16. Singh, K., Satish, K., and Pawan, K. (2016). Detection of powdery mildew disease of beans in India: A Review. Oriental Journal of Computer Science and Technology, 9: 226-234.
  17. Trabanco, N., Pérez-Vega, E., Campa, A., Rubiales, D., Ferreira, J. J. (2012). Genetic resistance to powdery mildew in common bean. Euphytica, 186: 875–882.
  18. Zeng, W., Kirk, W., and Hao, J. J. (2012). Field management of Sclerotinia stem rot of soybean using biological control agents. Biological Control, 60: 141–147.

Global Footprints