Study on Irrigation Levels Based on IW/CPE Ratio and Irrigation Methods on Growth and Yield of Fenugreek (Trigonella foenium graecum L.)  

DOI: 10.18805/LR-4050    | Article Id: LR-4050 | Page : 838-843
Citation :- Study on Irrigation Levels Based on IW/CPE Ratio and Irrigation Methods on Growth and Yield of Fenugreek (Trigonella foenium graecum L.) .Legume Research-An International Journal.2020.(43):838-843
G. Lal, R. Singh, R.S. Metha, N.K. Meena, S.P. Maheriya and M.K. Choudhary glal67@yahoo.co.in
Address : ICAR-National Research Centre on Seed Spices, Tabiji, Ajmer-305 001, Rajasthan, India.
Submitted Date : 12-06-2018
Accepted Date : 4-11-2019

Abstract

The current study was carried out to investigate the effect of different irrigation methods with water level based on IW/CPE ratio on growth and seed yield of fenugreek during the rabi season of 2 consecutive years (2016-17) at ICAR-National Research Centre on Seed Spices (NRCSS), Tabiji, Ajmer, Rajasthan. This investigation consisted of four irrigation regimes (IW/CPE ratio viz 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 and 1.0) and three irrigation methods ie. (Micro sprinkler, Drip irrigation and Surface irrigation). The experiment was laid out in factorial randomized block design with four replications. Among the irrigation methods tested, drip and micro sprinkler system gave maximum irrigation efficiency and minimum yield loss than surface irrigation. Results showed that irrigation regimes 0.6 IW/CPE ratio with drip irrigation gave superior seed yields (2049.80 kg ha-1) of fenugreek compared to other treatments. Total water applied was 321.96 mm by different irrigation methods. Water productivity and water use efficiency was found highest in 0.4 IW/CPE ratio followed by 0.6 IW/CPE ratio from the finding of the investigation. It was inferred that farmers were over irrigating their farms without equivalent returns. The water saved through use of optimized irrigation method and level can be used more profitably to irrigate supplemental lands, thus achieving a more efficient and rational use of land and water resources.

Keywords

Fenugreek Irrigation methods IW/CPE ratio Seed yield Water use efficiency

References

  1. Adeniran, K.A., Amodu, M.F., Amodu, M.O., Adeniji, F.A. (2010). Water requirements of some selected crops in kampe dam irrigation project. Aust. J. Agril. Engg. 1(4): 119-125.
  2. Bharti, V., Nardar, R., Kumar, Vinod. and Pandey, I. S. (2007). Effect of irrigations level on yield, water use efficiency and economics of winter maize (Mdiar). J. Agron. 52(1):27-30. 
  3. Bhrnia, S. B., Chauhan, R. P. S., Yadav, B. S. and Bharti, A. S. (2006). Effect of phosphorus, irrigation and rhizobium on productivity and nutrient uptake in fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Indian Agron. 51(3):239-241
  4. Datta, S. and Chatterjee, R. (2006). Effect of irrigation regimes on moisture extraction pattern, evapotranspiration and yield of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). J. Spices and Aromatic Crops. 15(2): 125-129.
  5. Demeku, S., Descheemaeker, K., Haileslassie, A., Amede, T., Tischbein, B. (2011). Irrigation water productivity as affected by water management in a small-scale irrigation scheme in the Blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia. Expl. Agric. 47: 133-151.
  6. Dilip, K.M. (2000). Irrigation Water Management: Principles and Practices. Prentice Hall of India PLC., New Delhi, India.
  7. FAO (1971). Irrigation scheduling from theory to practice. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Irrigation and Drainage paper. No. 8. Rome, Italy.
  8. FAO (1979). Crop Water Requirement. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Irrigation and Drainage Paper. No. 24. Rome, Italy.
  9. Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A. A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. John Willey & Sons, Inc. New York, USA.
  10. Haileslassie, A., Agide, Z., Erkossa, T., Hoekstra, D., Schmitter, P., Langan, S. (2016). On-farm smallholder irrigation performance in Ethiopia: From water use efficiency to equity and sustainability. LIVES Working Paper 19. International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya.
  11. Hapase, D. G. (1993). Status, scope and potential for micro sprinkler in sugarcane farming system. In: National Workshop on Micro Irrigation Techniques in Sugarcane Agriculture held at Pune during Feb., 1993.
  12. Kamkar, B., Daneshmandb, A. R., Ghooshchic, F., Shiraniradd, A. H. and Safahani, A. R. (2011). The effects of irrigation regimes and nitrogen rates on some agronomic traits of canola under a semiarid environment. Agric. Water Manage. 98: 1005-1012.
  13. Kumar, A., Singh, R. and Chhillar, R. K. (2008). Influence of omitting irrigation and nitrogen levels on growth, yield and water use efficiency of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) Acta Agronomica Hungarica. 56(1): 69-74.
  14. Lal, G., Saini, I. P., Mehta, R.S., Maheria, S.P. and Sharma, Yash. (2013). Effect of irrigation and different seed treatment methods on growth and yield of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.), International J. Seed Spices. 3(2):29-33.
  15. Martin, S. (1996). CROPWAT: A computer program for irrigation planning and management. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Irrigation and Drainage Paper 46. Rome, Italy.
  16. Meena, Sangita., Shivran, A.C., Boori, P.K., Dhayal, B.C. and Jat Lali. (2017). Performance of Fenugreek (Trigonell foenum-graecum L.) as influenced by micro irrigation under different planting patterns. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 6(5): 707-711.
  17. Mehta, R. S., Patel, B. S., Singh, R. K., Meena, S. S. and Malhotra, S. K. (2010). Growth and yield of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-    graecum L.) as influenced by irrigation levels and weed management practices. Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crop. 19(1& 2): 14–22.
  18. Patel, B. S., Joshi, M. K., Patel, J.C. and Patel, N. B. (2007). Influence of irrigation based on IW/ CPE ratio and nitrogen levels on yield and water use efficiency of fennel (Foeniculam vulgare Mill.). Book on “Production Development, Quality and Export of seed spices” [S.K. Malhotra and B. B.Vashistha (Eds.)] NRCSS, Ajmer, Pp. 262-266.
  19. Quezada, C., Fischer, S., Campos, J. and Ardiles, D. (2011). Water requirements and water use efficiency of carrot under drip irrigation in a haploxer and soil. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutrition. 11(1): 16-28.
  20. Rockström, J. and Barron, J. (2007). Water productivity in rain fed systems: overview of challenges and analysis of opportunities in water scarcity prone savannahs. Irrig. Sciences. 25: 299-311.
  21. Sharma Seema, Surve Vaishali H., Chavan, A.S. and Patel R.H. (2016). Response of fenugreek (Trigonella Foenum-Graecum L.) to irrigation scheduling at vegetative and reproductive phases and organic manures under middle gujarat conditions. International Journal of Agriculture Sciences. 8(16):1294-1296.
  22. Sharma, S., Patel, R. H. and Sharma, O. P. (2016). Effect of irrigation scheduling and organic manures on moisture extraction pattern, consumptive use, water use efficiency and yield of fenugreek. International J. Seed Spices. 6(2):13-18
  23. Vadar, H. R., Modhvadiya, J. M., Patel, R. J., Mashru, H. H., Vekariya, P. B., Parmar, V. H. and Rank, H. D. (2016). Response of trickle irrigated coriander crop under various soil moisture stress at major growth stages. Agres – An International E-Journal. 5(4): 420-425.
  24. Van Halsema, Lencha, G. E., Assefa, B.K.M., Hengsdijk, H. and Wesseler, J. (2011). Performance assessment of smallholder irrigation in the central rift valley of Ethiopia. Irrig. Drain. 60: 622-634
  25. Wubengda, A., Kassu, T., Tilahun, H., Dawit, H. (2014). Sensitivity analysis of climatic parameters on reference evapotranspiration (ETo) calculated by FAO Penman - Monteith equation (CROPWAT MODEL 8.0) for Sub-humid to humid areas of Arsi Zone, Ethiopia. Int. J. Agric. Sci. Rese. 3(4): 39-51. 

Global Footprints