Foliar applications for amelioration of iron deficiency in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.)
 

DOI: 10.18805/LR-396    | Article Id: LR-396 | Page : 84-89
Citation :- Foliar applications for amelioration of iron deficiency in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.).Legume Research-An International Journal.2019.(42):84-89
Shamim Akhtar, Nazneen Bangash, Armghan Shahzad, Sammer Fatima, Muhammad Akbar, Muhammad Sajjad Iqbal, Muhammad Arshad and Fayyaz-Ul-Hassan shamim2bot@gmail.com
Address : Department of Botany, University of Gujrat, Gujrat, Pakistan.
Submitted Date : 6-11-2017
Accepted Date : 28-06-2018

Abstract

n present study, different foliar treatments were applied on peanut to check their ameliorative effect on Fe deficiency. In hydroponics experiments, foliar applications of FeSO4, Fe-EDTA, sequestrene and ferric chloride were applied to check their effect on Fe deficiency chlorosis in two varieties of peanut already screened as BARI-2000 (Fe deficiency tolerant) and BARD-699 (Fe deficiency sensitive). Sequestrene proved to be more effective in increasing the growth of plant. Photosynthetic rate increased up to 58 and 70% in BARI-2000 and BARD-699 respectively as compared to control with foliar application of sequestrene. Similarly higher active Fe concentration was recorded in both genotypes. Up to 14 and 41% increase in active Fe concentration was observed. Various morpho physiological parameters including root length, shoot length, root fresh weight, root dry weight, shoot fresh and shoot dry weights, SPAD values, photosynthetic and transpiration rates showed that BARD-699 was more responsive to foliar applications, while foliar application of sequestrene can be used in correcting Fe deficiency in both genotypes. Active Fe was significantly correlated with different morphological parameters in both genotypes. The results of presense experiment suggested that foliar applications were helpful in correction Fe deficiency in peanut and growth can be enhanced.

Keywords

FeSO4 Foliar applications Hydroponics experiments Iron deficiency Peanut .

References

  1. Akhtar, S, Shahzad, A, Bangash, N, Arshad and Mand Ahmed I. (2014). Morphophysiological and genetic diversity of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) genotypes under iron deficiency stress. Pak J Agric Sci., 51: 953-961.
  2. Akhtar, S., Shahzad A, Arshad M and Hassan F.(2013).Morpho-physiological evaluation of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) genotypes for iron deficiency tolerance.Pak J Bot., 45: 893-899.
  3. Álvarez-Fernández A, Garcýa-Marco S and Lucena J J.(2005) Evaluation of synthetic iron (III)-chelates (EDDHAFe3+, EDDHMAFe3+and the novel EDDHSAFe3+) to correct iron chlorosis.Eur J Agron.,22: 119-130. 
  4. Barcelosde Q, J.P., de Souza Osorio, C.R.W., Leal, A.J.F., Alves, C.Z., Santos, E.F., Reis, H.P.G. and dos Reis, A.R.( 2017). Effects of foliar nickel (Ni) application on mineral nutrition status, urease activity and physiological quality of soybean seeds. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 11(2), p.184.
  5. Bisht S, Nautiyal B and Sharma C., 2002. Biochemical changes under iron deficiency and recovery in tomato. Indian J Plant Physiol.,7: 183-186
  6. Boodi IH, Pattanashetti SK, Biradar BD, Naidu GK, Chimmad VP, Kanatti A, Kumar V and Debnath MK. (2016). Morpho-physiological parameters associated with iron deficiency chlorosis resistance and their effect on yield and its related traits in groundnut. J Crop Sci Biotech., 19(2): 177-187.
  7. Chakraborty B, Singh PN, Shukla A and Mishra DS. (2012). Physiological and biochemical adjustment of iron chlorosis affected low-    chill peach cultivars supplied with different iron isources. Physiol. Mol. Biol. Plants., 18: 141-148
  8. Cianzio S.(1995). Strategies for the genetic improvement of Fe efficiency in plants. Dev Plant Soil Sci.,59: 119-119
  9. Epstein E. (1972). Mineral Nutrition of Plants: Principles and. Perspectives. New York
  10. Fernández-Escobar R, Barranco D and Benlloch M. (1993). Overcoming iron chlorosis in olive and peach trees using a low-pressure trunk-injection method. HortSci., 28: 192-194
  11. Fernández V, Del Río V, Abadía J and Abadía A. (2006). Foliar iron fertilization of peach (Prunus persica (L.) Batsch): effects of iron compounds, surfactants and other adjuvants. Plant Soil., 289:239-252.
  12. Gao L and Shi Y. (2007). Genetic differences in resistance to iron deficiency chlorosis in peanut. J Plant Nutr., 30: 37-52
  13. Imtiaz M, Rashid A, Khan P,Memon M and Aslam M. (2010). The role of micronutrients in crop production and human health. Pak. J. Bot., 42: 2565-2578.
  14. Inal, A,Gunes A, Zhang F and Cakmak I. (2007). Peanut/maize intercropping induced changes in rhizosphere and nutrient concentrations in shoots. Plant Physiol Biochem., 45: 350-356.
  15. Kong J, Dong Y, Xu L, Liu S and Bai X. (2014). Effects of foliar application of salicyclic acid and nitric oxide in allevating iron deficiency induced chlorosis of Arachis hypogaea L.Bot Stud.,55: 9-21
  16. Loop E A and Finck A. (1984). Total iron as a useful index of the Fe status of crops. J Plant Nutr., 7: 69-79
  17. Lucena J J. (2003). Fe chelates for remediation of Fe chlorosis in strategy I plants. J Plant Nutr., 26: 1969-1984
  18. Mann A, Singh A L, Oza S, Goswami N, Mehta D and Chaudhari V. (2017). Effect of iron source on iron deficinecy induced chlorosis in groundut. Legume Research. 40(2): 241-249.
  19. Rashid, A., J. Ryan, and G. Estefan. (2001). Soil and Plant Analysis Laboratory Manual. International Center of Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA) and National Agricultural Research Center (NARC), Islamabad, Pakistan, Aleppo, Syria. Manage., 37: 241-253.
  20. Rashid, A. and Din J. (1992). Differential susceptibility of chickpea cultivars to iron chlorosis grown on calcareous soils of Pakistan. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci., 40:488-492.
  21. Rashid A, Rafique E,Din J, Malik S and Arain M. (1997). Micronutrient deficiencies in rainfed calcareous soils of Pakistan. I. Iron chlorosis in the peanut plant. Commun in Soil SciPlant Anal., 28: 135-148
  22. Rajaie M and Tavakoly AR. (2017). Iron and/or acid foliar spray versus soil application of Fe-EDDHA for prevention of iron deficiency in valencia orange grown on a calcareous soil. J Plant Nutr.,41(2):150-158.
  23. Robinson N J, Procter C M, Connolly E L and Guerinot M L., (1999). A ferric-chelate reductase for iron uptake from soils. Nature, 397: 694-697
  24. Rombolà A, Brüggemann W, López-Millán A, Tagliavini M, Abadía M,Marangoni B and Moog P., (2002). Biochemical responses to iron deficiency in kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa). Tree physiol., 22: 869-875.
  25. Salahi B, Hadavi E and Samar S M., (2017). Foliar iron sulphate-organic acid sprays improve the performance of oriental plane tree in calcareous soil better than soil treatments. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 21: 175-182.
  26. Singh S K, Singh V P, Srivastava S, Singh A K, Chaubey B K and Srivastava R K., (2018).Estimation of correlation coefficient among yield and attributing treaits of field pea (Pisum sativum L.). Legume Research., 41(1):20-26.
  27. Singh D and Sahu M., (1993). Effects of phosphate carriers, iron, and indoleacetic acid on iron nutrition and productivity of peanut on a calcareous soil. J Plant Nutr., 16: 1847-1855.
  28. Shruti S, Singh A, Sharma U, Kumar R and Yadav N., (2018). Effect of thermal processing on anti nutritioanl factors and in vitro bioavailability of minerals in desi and kabuli cultivars of chick pea grown in North India. Legume Research 41(2): 267-274.
  29. Song Y, Dong Y J, Tian X T,Wang W W, He Z L., (2017). Effects of nitric oxide and Fe supply on recovery of Fe deficiency induced chlorosis in peanuy plants. Biologia Plantarum. 16(1):155-168 

Global Footprints