Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 42 issue 1 (february 2019) : 1-9

Genetic and biochemical properties of Cicer spp reveal distinction between wild and cultivated chickpea genotypes

Feyza Nur Kafadar, Ali Özkan, Canan Can, Yaðmur Kar, Dürdane Mart, Ercan Ceyhan
1Department of Biology, University of Gaziantep, Gaziantep 27310, Turkey.
  • Submitted27-10-2017|

  • Accepted17-03-2018|

  • First Online 20-09-2018|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-395

Cite article:- Kafadar Nur Feyza, Özkan Ali, Can Canan, Kar Yaðmur, Mart Dürdane, Ceyhan Ercan (2018). Genetic and biochemical properties of Cicer spp reveal distinction between wild and cultivated chickpea genotypes. Legume Research. 42(1): 1-9. doi: 10.18805/LR-395.
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is the third most important legumes after beans and peas in the world. Turkey is one of the main chickpea producing countries but the yield is not within the expected quantity considering cultivated area. Breeding chickpea varieties requires well-characterized wild Cicer spp progenitors including C. reticulatum, C. echinospermum, C. bijugum and C. pinnatifidum that exhibit sympatric distribution in the Southeastern Anatolia region of Turkey. This study contributes to the identification of similarities and differences among wild and cultivated Cicer spp. ecotypes using DNA marker systems and biochemical parameters. RAPD and ISSR markers revealed four groups and separated C pinnatifidum ecotypes as a single population. Wild Cicer spp and cultivated chickpea species exhibited significant variations for their oil, protein, starch, cellulose, fructose and sucrose content. Furthermore, the cultivated chickpea genotypes had higher content of fat, starch and sucrose than those of the wild progenitors whereas wild Cicer spp ecotypes possessed higher values for cellulose, fructose and glucose than cultivated chickpea genotypes. 
  1. Abbo, S., Shtienberg, D., Lichtenzveig, J., lev-Yadun, S., Gopher, A. (2003). The chickpea, summer cropping, and a new model for pulse domestication in the ancient near east. Q Rev Biol 78: 4.
  2. Abbo, S., Lev-Yadun, S., Gopher A. (2011). Origin of Near Eastern plant domestication: homage to Claude Levi-Strauss and ‘‘La Pense´e Sauvage’’, Genet Resour Crop Ev 58:175–179
  3. Aggarwal, H., Rao, A., Kumar, A., Singh, J., Rana, JS., Naik, PK., Chhokar, V. (2015). Assessment of genetic diversity among 125 cultivars of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) of Indian origin using ISSR markers. Turk J Bot 39(2): 218-226.
  4. Aguilera, Y., Martý´n-Cabrejas, MA., Benitez, V., Mollá, E., Andréu, FL., Esteban RM. (2009). Changes in carbohydrate fraction during dehydration process of common legumes. J Food Compos Anal 22: 678–683.
  5. Alajaji, SA., El-Adawy, TA. (2006). Nutritional composition of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) as affected by microwave cooking and other traditional cooking methods. J Food Compos Anal 19: 806–812.
  6. Aman, P. (1979). Carbohydrates in raw and germinated seeds from mung bean and chickpea. J Sci Food Agr 30: 869–875.
  7. AOAC (2005). Official Method of Analysis of the Association of Analytical Chemists International (18th Ed.) Gathersburg, MD USA Official methods.
  8. Berger, J., Abbo, S., Turner, NC. (2003). Ecogeography of Annual Wild Species. Crop Sci 43(3): 1076-1090.
  9. Bressani R. (1975). Legumes in human diets and how they might be improved. in Nutritional Improvement of Food Legumes by Breeding (Milner M ed). Wiley, New Pages 15-42 York.
  10. Cortés-Giraldo, I., Megías, C., Alaiz, M., Girón-Calle, J., Vioque, J. (2016). Purification of free arginine from chickpea (Cicer arietinum) seeds. Food chem. 192:114-118
  11. Croser, JS., Clarke, HJ., Siddique, KH., Khan, TN. (2003). Low-temperature stress: implications for chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) improvement. Crit Rev Plant Sci 22(2): 185-219.
  12. Collard, BC., Ades, PK., Pang, EC., Brouwer, JB., Taylor, PW. (2001). Prospecting for sources of resistance to ascochyta blight in wild Cicer species. Ausralas Plant Path 30(3): 271-276.
  13. Doyle J.J. (1990). Isolation of plant DNA from fresh tissue. Focus 12,:13-15.
  14. Dragièeviæ, V., Kratovalieva, S., Dumanoviæ, Z., Dimov, Z, Kraviæ, N. (2015). Variations in level of oil, protein, and some antioxidants in chickpea and peanut seeds. Chem Biol Technol Agric 2(1): 1-6.
  15. Iqbal, A., Khalil, IA., Ateeq, N., Khan, MS. (2006). Nutritional quality of important food legumes. Food Chem 97: 331–335.
  16. Jukanti, AK., Gaur, PM., Gowda, CLL., Chibbar, RN. (2012). Nutritional quality and health beneûts of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). British J Nutr 108: 11-26. 
  17. Kacar B (1972). Chemical Analysis of Plant and Soil II: Plant Analysis,. Ankara University, Agriculture Faculty, Issue No: 453-    Application Handbook. pp: 155
  18. Kaur, S., Kaur, S., Gupta AK., Kaur, J. (2016) Physiochemical and nutritional attributes of raw and soaked seeds of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes. Legume Res., 39: 359-369
  19. Koinain SA, Hegde VS. and Bharadwaj C. (2016). Genetic diversity analysis among selected short duration chickpea cultivars and breeding lines based on STMS markers, Legume Research, 39: 851-859
  20. Kumar R., Yadav R., Soi S., Srinivasan, Yadav S., Yadav A., Mishra JP., Mittal N., Yadav N., Kumar A., Vaishali, Yadav H., Upadhyaya H.D. (2017). Morpho-molecular characterization of landraces/wild genotypes of Cicer for Biotic/ Abiotic stresses, Legume Research, 40 : 974-984
  21. Ladizinsky, G., Adler, A. (1976). The origin of chickpea Cicer arietinum L. Euphytica 25: 211-217.
  22. Lev-Yadun, S., Gopher, A, Abbo, S. (2000). The cradle agriculture. Science 288: 1602-1603.
  23. Maheri-Sis, N., Chamani, M., Ali-Asghar, S., Mirza-Aghazadeh, A., Aghajanzadeh-Golshani, A. (2010). Nutritional evaluation of kabuli and desi type chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.) for ruminants using in vitrogas production technique. Afr J Biotechnol 7(16): 2946-2951.
  24. Mukesh, K., Navneet, K., Sunil, M., Arvind, K., Vipin, K. (2015). Molecular Characterization of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L) Through Rapd and Issr Markýrs. Prog Agr 15(2): 277-284.
  25. Nobile, CGM., Carreras, J., Grosso, R., Inga, M., Silva, M., Aguilar, R., Martinez, MJ. (2013). Proximate composition and seed lipid components of “kabuli”-type chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) from Argentina. Agr Sci 4:729-737. 
  26. S´anchez-Mata, MC., Penuela-Teruel, MJ., Camara-Hurtado, M., Diez Marques, C., Torija-Isasa, ME. (1998). Determination of mono-    , di-, and oligosaccharides in legumes by high-performance liquid chromatography using an amino-bonded silica column. J Agr Food Chem 46: 3648–3652.
  27. Saxena, MC., Singh, KB. (1984). Ascochyta blight and Winter Sowing of Chickpeas. Martinus Niijh off, Zoetemeer, the Netherlands.
  28. Shad, MA., Pervez, H., Zafar, ZI., Nawaz, H. (2009). Evaluation of biochemical composition and physicochemical parameters of oil from seeds of desi chickpea varieties cultivated in arid zone of Pakistan. Pak J Bot 41: 655–662
  29. Shan, F., Clarke, HC., Plummer, JA., Yan, G., Siddique, KH. (2005). Geographical patterns of genetic variation in the World collections of wild annual Cicer characterized by ampliûed fragment length polymorphisms. Theor Appl Genet 110(2): 381-91
  30. Serret, MD., Udupa, SM., Weigand, F. (1997). Assessment of genetic diversity of cultivated chickpea using microsatellite derived RFLP markers: Implications for origin. Plant Breed, 116(6): 573-578.
  31. Sibian, MS., Saxena, DC., Riar, CS. (2016). Effect of pre and post germination parameters on the chemical characteristics of Bengal gram (Cicer arietinum). LWT-Food Sci Technol 65: 783-790
  32. Singh, KB. (1987). Chickpea Breeding. In: Chickpea, [Saxena M.C. and K.B. Singh (Eds)], ICARDA, , Aleppo, Syria. p.127-158
  33. Singh KB., Ocampo B. and Robertson L. D. 1998. Diversity for abiotic and biotic resistance in the wild annual Cicer species. Genet. Res. Crop Evol., 45: 9-17.
  34. Singh, ARM., Devarumath, RM., Rama Rao, S., Singh, VP., Raina, SN. (2008). Assessment of genetic diversity, and phylogenetic relationships based on ribosomal DNA repeat unit length variation and Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) sequences in chickpea (Cicer arietinum) cultivars and its wild species, Genet Resour Crop Ev 55: 65–79
  35. Sudupak, MA., Akkaya, MS., Kence, A. (2002). Analysis of genetic relationships among perennial and annual Cicer species growing in Turkey using RAPD markers, Theor Appl Genet 105: 1220–1228
  36. Talebi, R., Fayaz, F., Mardi, M., Pirsyedi, SM., Naji, AM. (2008). Genetic relationships among chickpea (Cicer arietinum) elite lines based on RAPD and agronomic markers. Int J Agric Biol 8: 1560-8530.
  37. Tekeoðlu, M., Santra, DK., Kaiser, WJ., Muehlbauer, FJ. (2000). Ascochyta blight resistance inheritance in three chickpea recombinant inbred line population. Crop Sci 40: 1251-1256.
  38. Van der Maesen, LJG., Maxted, N., Javadi, F., Coles, S., Davies, AMR. (2005). Taxonomy of the genus Cicer revisited. In Chickpea Breeding and Management[S.S. Yadav, R. Redden, W. Chen, B. Sharma (Eds.)], CAB International, Walling ford, UK (Pp. 14-46).
  39. Vasishtha, H., Srivastava, RP. (2013). Effect of soaking and cooking on dietary fibre components of different type of chickpea genotypes. J Food Sci Tech 50(3): 579-584
  40. Wang, N., Daun, JK. (2004). The chemical composition and nutritive value of Canadian pulses. In Canadian Grain Commission Report, pp. 19–29
  41. Van Oss, R., Abbo, S., Eshed, R., Sherman, A., Coyne, CJ., Vandemark, GJ., Peleg, Z. (2015). Genetic relationship in Cicer sp. expose evidence for gene flow between the cultigen and its wild progenitor. PloS one 10(10): e0139789.
  42. Virk, PS., Newbury, HJ., Jackson, MT., Ford-Lloyd, BV. (1995). The identification of duplicate accessions within a rice germplasm collection using RAPD analysis. Theor Appl Genet 90(7-8): 1049-1055.
  43. Williams, P. C., Singh, U. (1987). Nutritional quality and the evaluation of quality in breeding program. In: Chickpea CAB International, Wallingford Oxon UK, 329–356.
  44. Wood, JA., Grusak, MA. (2007). Nutritional value of chickpea. In Chickpea Breeding and Management, [SS Yadav, R Redden, W Chen and B Sharma, editors]. Wallingford: CAB International. pp. 101–142
  45. Zia-Ul-Haq, M., Ahmad, M., Iqbal, S., Ahmad, S., Ali, H. (2007). Characterization and compositional studies of oil from seeds of desi chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars grown in Pakistan. J Am Oil Chem Soc 84(12): 1143-1148. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)