Biological characterization and host range of Tobacco Streak Virus (TSV)

DOI: 10.18805/LR-3934    | Article Id: LR-3934 | Page : 850-855
Citation :- Biological characterization and host range of Tobacco Streak Virus (TSV).Legume Research-An International Journal.2019.(42):850-855
M. Sunil Kumar, R. Sarada Jayalakshmi Devi, M. Krishna Reddy, K. Vemana, T. Murali Krishna and L. Prasanthi sunilkmr8617@gmail.com
Address : Division of Plant Pathology, ICAR-IIIHR, Bangalore-560 089, India.
Submitted Date : 1-09-2017
Accepted Date : 12-10-2018

Abstract

TSV isolates (GNAP7. SFAP17 and CUKA13) maintained on cowpea were cross inoculated on five popularly grown varieties and hybrids of groundnut (JL-24, K-6, Prasuna, K-9, Kadiri harithandra), sunflower (KBSH-44, DRSH-1, NDSH-1012, Mordent, Sunbred-275) and cucumber (Long green, Poorna, Ageti, Sheetal, Uday). Incubation period required for the initiation of local and systemic symptoms varied among different hosts and cultivars. Local symptoms of veinal necrosis, leaf yellowing and wilting, petiole necrosis, chlorotic spot, tip necrosis and systemic symptoms of mosaic, wilting, necrotic streaks on stem, bud necrosis, axillary shoot proliferation were observed in different hosts and Culivars. Out of 23 plant species tested against TSV by sap inoculation, 15 plant species were susceptible to TSV, which includes Beta vulgaris, Abelmoschus esculentus, Cicer arietinum, Solanum melongena, Ricinus communis, Chrysanthemum indicum, Phaseolus vulgaris, Gerbera jamesonii, Macrotyloma uniflorum, Vigna unguiculata subsp. unguiculata, Tagetus erecta, Allium cepa, Phaseolus coccineus, Solanum lycopersicum, Vigna unguiculata ssp. sesquipedalis. 

Keywords

Biological characterization Groundnut Host range Symptoms TSV.

References

  1. Anjula. (2000). Transmission and host range studies with emphasis on weed hosts of sunflower necrosis virus disease. M.Sc. (Agri.) Thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore. 
  2. Brunt, A. A and Paludan, N. (1970). The serological relationship between “asparagus stunt” and Tobacco streak viruses. Phytopathol. Z. 69: 277-282.
  3. Converse, R.H. (1972). Tobacco streak virus in Black Raspberry. Phytopathology. 62: 1001-100
  4. Costa, A, S. (1945). The relationship between American tobacco streak and Brazilian necrose branca or couve. Phytopath. 35: 1029-1030.
  5. Fulton, R. W. (1985). Tobacco streak virus. CMI/AAB Description of Plant Viruses No. 307, Association of Applied Biologists, Welles Bourne, U.K.pp.5.
  6. Johnson, J. (1936). Tobacco streak, a virus disease. Phytopathology. 26: 285-292.
  7. Jorgensen, P.S. (1957). Strawberry virus transmission by insert graft. Plant Disease Reporter. 41(12):1009-1010.
  8. Kaiser, W. J., Wyatt, S. D and Pesho, G. R. (1982). Natural hosts and vectors of Tobacco streak virus in eastern Washington. Phytopath. 72: 1508-1512.
  9. Lavanya, N. (2001). Establishment of a necrosis virus in sunflower and studies on induced resistance using antiviral substances and a biocontrol agent, Pseudomonas fluorescens. M. Sc. (Ag.) Thesis, Dept. of Plant Pathology. Tamil Nadu Agrl. Univ., Coimbatore, India, p. 13
  10. Linga Reddy, G.L. (2003). Transmission and serological indexing of weed hosts, crop plants and insect vector of sunflower necrosis disease. M. Sc. (Agri.) Thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore. 
  11. Prasada Rao, R.D.V.J., Reddy, A, S., Reddy, S. V., Thirumala-Devi, K., Chander Rao, S. Manoj Kumar, V., et al., (2003a). The host range of Tobacco streak virus in India and transmission by thrips. Ann. Appl. Biol.142: 365-368.
  12. Ramaiah, M., Bhat, A. I., Jain, R. K., Pant, R. P., Ahlawat, Y.S., Prabhakar, K and Varma, A. (2001). Isolation of an isometric virus causing sunflower necrosis disease in India. Plant Dis. 85: 443.
  13. Reddy, A. S., Prasad Rao, R.D.V.J., Thirumala Devi, K., Reddy, S.V., Maya, M.A., Roberts, I., Satyanarayana, T., et al., (2002). Occurrence of Tobacco streak virus on peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in India. Plant Dis., 86:173-178.
  14. Vemana, K and Jain, R.K. (2010). New experimental hosts of Tobacco streak virus and absence of true seed transmission in leguminous hosts. Indian Journal of Virology. 21 (2):117- 

Global Footprints