Genetic variability for growth, pod and quality attributes in germplasm of cluster bean [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.]

DOI: 10.18805/LR-3917    | Article Id: LR-3917 | Page : 620-624
Citation :- Genetic variability for growth, pod and quality attributes in germplasm of cluster bean [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.].Legume Research.2019.(42):620-624
Dodla Rajashekar Reddy, P. Saidaiah, K. Ravinder Reddy, S.R. Pandravada and A. Geetha saidu_genetics@yahoo.co.in
Address : Department of Vegetable Science, College of Horticulture, Sri Konda Laxman Telangana State Horticulture University, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-500 030, Telangana, India.
Submitted Date : 21-07-2017
Accepted Date : 14-02-2018


An investigation on variability for yield and yield attributes was carried out in 51 cluster bean genotypes at College of Horticulture, Rajendra nagar, Sri Konda Laxman Telangana State Horticultural University, Hyderabad during summer 2017. All the sixteen characters studied had shown highly significant (at P=0.01) difference. The characters, viz., plant height, number of branches per plant, number of clusters per plant, number of pods per cluster, number of pods per plant, pod length, pod girth, pod weight, number of seeds per pod, pod yield per plant, pod yield per hectare, protein content, gum content and fibre content recorded high estimates of genotypic and phenotypic coefficients of variation, high heritability along with high genetic advance over mean indicating selection would be very effective for improvement of these characters.


Cluster bean Genetic variability Germplasm Growth Pod Quality attributes.


  1. Anandhi, K and Oommen, S. K. (2007). Variability, heritability of yield and related characters in cluster bean [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub]. Legume Research, 30 : 287-289.
  2. Burton, J W. (1952). Quantitative inheritance in grasses. Proceeding of Sixth International Grassland Congress, 1: 277-283.
  3. Chaudhary.P.P. Patel A.I, Kadam Y.R, and Patel J.M. (2013). Variability, correlation and path analysis study in vegetable Indian bean [Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet]. Crop Research, 45: 229-236.
  4. Girish, V. D. Gasti, Thammaiah, N., Kerutagi, M. G.,. Mulge, R., Shantappa, T. and Mastiholi, A. B. (2012). Genetic divergence studies in cluster bean genotypes [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.]. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 25 (2): 245-247.
  5. Hanchinamani, N. C. (2004). Studies on genetic variability and genetic divergence in cluster bean [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.]. M.Sc. (Hort.) Thesis submitted to University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad.
  6. Hemavathy A. Thanga , N. Shunmugavalli and Anand, G. (2015). Genetic variability, correlation and path co-efficient studies on yield and its components in mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilezek]. Legume Research, 38: 37-42.
  7. Jitendra Choudhary, Kushwah, S.S., Singh, O.P. and Naruka, I.S. (2016).. Studies on genetic variability and character association in Indian bean [Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet]. Legume Research, 39: 336-342.
  8. Jitender, S. K. Pahuja, Naresh Verma and Nabin Bhusal. (2014). Genetic variability and heritability for seed yield and water use efficiency related characters in Cluster bean [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.]. Forage Research. 39: 170-174.
  9. Johnson, H.W., Robinson, H.F. and Comstock, R.S. (1955). Estimation of genetic and environmental variability in soyabean. Agronomy Journal, 41: 314-318.
  10. Kapoor, R. (2014). Genetic variability and association studies in guar [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.)Taub.]. Journal of Plant Breeding, 5: 294-299.
  11. Malaghan, S.N., Madalageri, M.B., Ganiger, V.M., Bhuvaneshwari, G., Kotikal, Y.K and Patil, H.B. (2013). Genetic variability and heritability in cluster bean [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.]. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 9:765-768.
  12. Manjumdar, P.K, Prakash, R and Herque, H.D.F. (1969). Genotypic and phenotypic variability in quantitative characters in groundnut. Indian Journal of Genetics. 29: 291-296.
  13. Muthuselvi, R and Shanthi, A. (2013). Variability, heritability and genetic advance in cluster bean [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub]. Advance Research Journal of Crop Improvement, 4:106-109.
  14. Panse, V.G. and Sukhatme, P. V. (1967). Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers. ICAR, New Delhi. p. 134-192.
  15. Parmar, M., Singh, A.P., Dhillon, N.P and Jamlal, M. (2013). Genetic variability of morphological and yield traits in Dolichos bean (Lablab purpureus L.). African Journal of Agricultural Research. 8(12): 1022-1027.
  16. Patil. D.V. (2014). Genetic variability and sowing dates effect of cluster bean [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba 
  17. (L.) Taub]. Plant Archives. 14:1-6.
  18. Pathak, R, Singh, S.K, Singh, M and Henry, A. (2010). Molecular assessment of genetic diversity in cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) genotypes. Journal of Genetics, 89: 243–246.
  19. Rai, P. S., Dharmatti, P.R., Shashidhar,R.V., Patil, R.V and Patil, B.R. (2012). Genetic variability studies in cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.). Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences 25:108-111.
  20. Revati G, V. Srinivasa and Lakshmana, D. (2017). Genetic variability and divergence studies in cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L.) under hill zone of Karnataka, India. Legume Research, 40: 237-240.
  21. Raghu Prakash, K.R., Prasanti, and Reddy S.M. (2008). Genetic variability studies for seed yield, physiological and quality attributes in Guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.). Journal of Plant Science and Biotechnology. 2:36-38.
  22. Saini, D.D., Singh, N.P., Chaudhary, S.P.S., Chaudhary, O.P and Khedar, O.P. (2010). Genetic variability and association of component characters for seed yield in cluster bean [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub. ]. Journal of Arid Legumes, 7: 47-51.
  23. Santhosha,G.R., Evoor Shashikanth, Gasti, V.D., Prabhuling, G., Rathod, V.D. and Mulge. R. (2017). Genetic variability studies in cluster bean [Cyamopsis tetragonaloba (L.) Taub.] for growth, yield and quality parameters. Legume Research, 40: 232-236.
  24. Singh, N.P., Choudhary, A.K and Choudhary, S.P.S. (2003). Genetic divergence in cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba). Indian Journal of Agriculture Sciences. 73: 356-357.
  25. Sivasubramanian, S and Menon, M. (1973). Heterosis and inbreeding depression in rice. Madras Agricultural Journal. 60: 1139-1149.
  26. Smith, P.M. (1976). Evolution of Crop Plants (ed. N.W.Simmonds), Longman, London and New York, pp. 311-312.
  27. Vikas Kumar and R.B. Ram. (2015). Genetic variability, Correlation and Path analysis for Yield and Yield attributing Traits in Cluster bean [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba(L.) Taub.]. Genotypes. International Journal of Pure and Applied Biosciences, 3: 143-149.
  28. Vir, Om and Singh, A.K. (2015). Variability and correlation analysis in the germplasm of cluster bean [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.)Taub.] in hyper hot arid climate of Western India. Legume Research, 38 (1): 37-42. 

Global Footprints