Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2024)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 42 issue 1 (february 2019) : 25-31

Gamma rays induced urdbbean [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper] mutants with YMV resistance, good batter quality and bold seeded type

C. Vanniarajan, S. Ganeshram, J. Souframanien, K. Veni, S. Anandhi Lavanya, V. Kuralarasan
1Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Agricultural College and Research Institute, Madurai-625 104, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • Submitted30-12-2016|

  • Accepted27-06-2017|

  • First Online 04-12-2017|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-3824

Cite article:- Vanniarajan C., Ganeshram S., Souframanien J., Veni K., Lavanya Anandhi S., Kuralarasan V. (2017). Gamma rays induced urdbbean [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper] mutants with YMV resistance, good batter quality and bold seeded type. Legume Research. 42(1): 25-31. doi: 10.18805/LR-3824.
The seeds of urdbean varieties MDU 1 and VBN (Bg) 4 were treated with 5 doses (100, 200 300, 400 and 500 Gy) of Gamma rays to identify YMV resistant and determinate plant type. The individual plant and plant-row selections were made in M2, M3 and M4 generation of MDU 1 and VBN (Bg) 4.  Mutant population was screened for YMV resistance, pods protruding up above the canopy, early maturity, and purple pigmentation on plant. The investigation revealed that ACM-16-30, ACM-16-29, ACM-6-17 and ACM-16-14 mutant lines were found to be as ideal mutant lines for further improvement programme. The mutants line had YMV resistance, purple pigmentation on leaf, hypocotyls, stem and pod along with pods protruding up above the canopy, good batter quality and bold seeded type. 
  1. Bial, M. (1902). Die Diagnose der pentosurie. Deut med. Wochschr., 28: 253-254.
  2. Deepalakshmi, A. J and Ananda Kumar C.R. (2004). Creation of genetic variability for different polygenic traits in black gram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper] through induced mutagenesis. Legume Research 27: 188-192.
  3. Foucher, F., Morin, J., Courtiada, J., Cadioux, S., Ellis, N., Banfield M.J. and Rameau. C. (2003). Determinate and late flowering are two terrminal flower/Centroradialis homologs that control two distinct phases of flowering initiation and development in pea. Plant Cell, 15: 2742-2754.
  4. Girish, K.R., and Usha, R. (2005). Molecular characterization of two soybean-infecting begomoviruses from India and evidence for recombination among legume-infecting begomoviruses from South-East Asia. Virus Res. 108:167–176.
  5. Gupta, S., Gupta, D.S., Anjum, T.K., Pratap, A., Kumar, J. (2013). Inheritance and molecular tagging of MYMIV resistance gene in black gram (Vigna mungo L. Hepper). Euphytica, 193: 27-37.
  6. Haq, Q.M.I., Rouhibakhsh, A., Ali, A and Malathi, V.G. (2011). Infectivity analysis of a blackgram isolate of Mungbean yellow mosaic virus and genetic assortment with MYMIV in selective hosts. Virus Genes. 42:429–439.
  7. Harrigan WF. and ME. McCance. (1970). Laboratory methods in food and dairy microbiology in fermenting grain mashes used for food preparations. Bull. Central Food Technol. Res. Inst. Mysore (India). Academic Press Inc., 2: 224. -288.
  8. Ishikura, N.M., Iwata and Miyazaki, S. (1981). Flavonoids in some Vigna plants in Leguminosae. Bot. Mag. 94:197-205.
  9. Kamei, H., Kojima, T., Hasegawa, M., Koide, T., Umeda, T., Yukawa, T. and Terabe, K. (1995). Suppression of tumor cell growth by anthocyanins in vitro. Cancer Invest 13:590-594.
  10. Karthikeyan, A.S., Vanitharani, R., Balaji, V., Anuradha, S., Thillai Chidambaram, P., Shivaprasad, P.V., Parameswari, C., Balamani, V. and Samiyappan Veluthambi, V.K. (2004). Analysis of an isolate of Mungbean yellow mosaic virus (MYMV) with a highly variable DNA component. Arch Virol. 149:1643–1652.
  11. Liu, B., Watanabe, S., Uchiyama, T., Kong, F., Kanazawa, A., Xia, Z., Nagamatsu, A., Arai, M., Yamada, T., Kitamura, K., Masuta, C., Harada, K. And Abe, J. (2010). The soybean stem growth habit gene Dt1 is an ortholog of Arabidopsis terminal flower1. Plant Physiol., 153: 198-210.
  12. Landry, J., and T. Moureaux. 1970. Heterogenicity of the glutelins of the grain core. Selective extraction and composition in amino acids of the three isolated fractions. Bull. Soc. Chem. Biol. 52:1021–1037.
  13. Lowry, O.H, N.J. Roseburgh, A.L farr, and R.J Randall, (1951). J.of Biological Chemistry., 193, p-265.
  14. Nam, S.H., Choi. S.P., Kang, M.Y., Koh, H.J., Kozukue, N. and Friedman, M. (2006). Antioxidative activities of bran from twenty one pigmented rice cultivars. Food Chemistry, 94:613-620.
  15. Pandey, R.N., Pawar, S.E., Chintalwar, G.J. and Bhatia, C.R. (1989). Seed coat and hypocotyls pigments in greengram and backgram. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (Plant Sci.) 99: 301-306.
  16. Palmer, R.G. and T.C. Kilen. 1987. Qualitative genetics and cytogenetics. In: Soybeans: Improvement, Production, and Uses (Wilcox, J.R., ed.). 2nd edn. ASA/CSSA/SSSA, Madison, pp.180-197.
  17. Petra, K and Vladimir, M. (2012). Mutagenesis in plant breeding for disease and pest resistance. In: Mutagenesis (Eds. R. Mishra). Pp. 195-220. http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/50332
  18. Qazi, J., Ilyas, M., Mansoor, S., Briddon, R.W. (2007). Legume yellow mosaic viruses: genetically isolated begomoviruses. Mol Plant Pathol. 8:343–348.
  19. Satue-Gracia, M., Heinonen, I.M. and Frankel, E.N. (1997). Anthocyanins as antioxidants on human low-density lipoprotein and lecithinliposome system. J Agric Food Chem, 45:3362-3367.
  20. Souframanien, J and Pandey R.N. (2006). Mutational and biotechnological approaches for urdbean improvement; a review. Indian Journal of Pulses Research 19: 155-164.
  21. Souframanien, J., Gopalakrishna, T.( 2006). ISSR and SCAR markers linked to the mungbean yellow mosaic virus (MYMV) resistance gene in blackgram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper]. Plant Breed., 125: 619-622.
  22. Souframanien.J, Kandali S Reddy, V.C. Petwal and J. Dwivedi, (2016). Comparative effectiveness and efficiency of electron beam and 60Co ã-rays in induction of mutations in black gram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper].
  23. Stiles, M.E. and W.H. Holzapfel. (1997). Lactic acid bacteria of foods and their current taxonomy. Int. J. Food Microbiol., 36: 1-29.
  24. Surendar R., C. Vanniarajan and Souframanien J. (2014) Effectiveness and efficiency of mutagens in gamma irradiated and EMS treated population of blackgram (Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper). International Journal of Tropical Agriculture 32: 79-84.
  25. Swain, T. (1965). Nature and properties of flavonoids~ in Chemistry and Biochemistry of Plant Pigments [ed) T. W. Goodwin] Academic Press p: 225.
  26. Taggar, G,K., Gill, R.S., Gupta A.K. and Singh. S. (2014). Induced changes in the antioxidative compounds of V. mungo genotypes due to infestation by B. Tabaci (Gennadius). J.Environ. Bio., 35: 1037-1047.
  27. Talmann Neto, A. and J. Alberini, (1989). Release to farmers of Carioca Arbustive Precoce 1070’ (CAP-1070), a bushy bean mutant inducd by gamma rays in Brazil. Mutat. Breed. Newsl. 34:12-13.
  28. Tsuda, T., Horio, F and Osawa, T. (2002). Cyanidin 3-Î-â-glucoside suppresses nitric oxide production during a zymosan treatment in rats. J. Nutr. Sci. Vitaminol., 48:305-310.
  29. Tsuda, T., Horio, F., Uchida, K., Aoki, H. and Osawa, T. (2003). Dietary cyanidin 3-Î-â-D-glucoside-rich purple corn color prevents obesity and ameliorates hyperglycemia. J. Nutr, 133:2125-2130.
  30. Umadevi, M., Meenakshi Ganesan, N and Muthiah, AR. (2008). Batter quality –Need for Traditional Indian Fermented Urdbean – Rice Food. Madras Agric.J., 95 : 440-447.
  31. Usharani, K.S., Surendranath, B., Haq, O.M.I, Malathi, V.G. (2004). Yellow mosaic virus infecting soybean in Northern India is distinct from the species infecting soybean in Southern and Western India. Curr Sci. 86: 845–850.
  32. Varma, A., Dhar, A.K, Mandal B. (1992). MYMV transmission and control in India. In: Green SK, Kim D, editors. Mungbean yellow mosaic disease. Taipei: Asian Vegetable Research and Development Centre; p. 8–27.
  33. Varma A, Malathi VG. (2003). Emerging geminivirus problems: a serious threat to crop production. Ann Appl Biol. 142:145–164.
  34. Veni.K, E.Murugan, Mini, M.L., Vanniarajan and Radhamani, T. (2016). Genetic relationship between yield and battering quality in blackgram (Vigna Mungo (L.)). Legume Research, 39 (3): 355-358
  35. Zhixi Tiana, Xiaobo Wangb, Rian Leec, Yinghui Lib, James E. Spechtd, Randall L. Nelsone, Phillip E. McCleanc, Lijuan Qiub, and Jianxin Maa, 2010. Artificial selection for determinate growth habit in soybean. PNAS. 107(19): 8563–8568. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)