Impact of different ratios and levels of nitrogen and phosphorus on growth, yield and nutrient uptake of rainfed soybean 

DOI: 10.18805/LR-3819    | Article Id: LR-3819 | Page : 861-866
Citation :- Impact of different ratios and levels of nitrogen and phosphorus on growth, yield and nutrient uptake of rainfed soybean.Legume Research-An International Journal.2018.(41):861-866
Satyabrata Mangaraj, L.H. Malligawad, R.K. Paikaray, S.R. Pradhan and T.R. Sahoo satyabratamangaraj7@gmail.com
Address : College of Agriculture, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad-580 005, Karnataka, India.
Submitted Date : 20-12-2016
Accepted Date : 9-10-2017

Abstract

A field experiment was carried out during kharif 2015 with thirteen ratios of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P2O5) fertilizers with constant potassium level (25 kg K2O ha-1) on soybean cultivar DSb 21. The treatment receiving N/P fertilizer ratio of 0.70 (basal application of 18 kg N, 46 kg P2O5, 25 kg K2O ha-1 + foliar application of nitrogen @ 7 kg N ha-1 at initiation of flowering and foliar application of nitrogen @ 7 kg N ha-1 at 15 days after first foliar spray) recorded significantly higher seed yield (3217 kg ha-1), haulm yield (3788 kg ha-1), number of filled pods plant-1 (44.73), total number of pods plant-1 (47.57) and 100 seed weight (15.40 g) This treatment also recorded significantly higher total dry matter production (34.15 g) that higher gross monetary returns, net monetary returns and B : C ratio (Rs. 1,12,595, Rs. 89,770 ha-1 and 4.93, respectively). 

Keywords

Dry matter accumulation Erratic rainfall Fertilizer Rainfed Foliar application Ratio.

References

  1. A.O.A.C. ( 1990).Association of Official Agriculture Chemists. Official Methods of analysis 12th Ed. Washington, D.C. USA.
  2. Bandyopadhyay, K.K., Misra, A.K. and Ghosh, P.K. (2010). Effect of integrated use of farmyard manure and chemical fertilizers on soil physical properties and productivity of soybean. Soil Till. Res. 110:115-125.
  3. Begum, A., Islam, A., Ahmed, Q. M., Islam, M. A. and Rahman, M. M. (2015). Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus on the growth and yield performance of soybean.Res. Agric. Livest. Fish. 2 (1): 35-42.
  4. Black, C. A. (1965). Part I and Part II, Agronomy series no. 9. American Soc. Agron.Madinson, Washington,USA
  5. Gan, Y.B., Stulen, I., Keulen, H.V. and Kuiper, P.J.C. (2003). Effect of N fertilizer top-dressing at various reproductivestages on growth, N2 fixation and yield of three soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) varieties. Field Crop. Res.80:147-155
  6. George, T. and Singleton, P. W. (1996) Nitrogen assimilation traits and dinitrogen fixation in soybean and common bean, Agron. J., 84: 1020–1028.
  7. Gharpinde, B., Gabhane, V. V., Nagdeve, M. B., Sonune, B. A. and Ganvir, M. M. (2014).Effect of integrated nutrient management on soil fertility, nutrient balance, productivity and economics of soybean in an inceptisol of semi arid region of Maharashtra. Karnataka J. Agric. Sci., 27 (3): 303-307.
  8. Gomez, K. A. and Gomez, A. A.( 1984).Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, An international Rice Research Institute Book, Wiley- Inter Science Publication, New York, USA, 680. 
  9. Hanway, J. J. (1962). Corn growth and composition in relation to soil fertility. Agron. J. 54: 145-148.
  10. Jackson, M. L., (1967), Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. 
  11. Khutate, N.G., Mendhe, S.N., Dongarkar, K.P., Gudadhe, N.N. and Gavande, V.H. (2005). Effect of nutrientmanagement treatments on growth and yield of soybean. J. Soils and Crops, 15 (2): 411-414.
  12. Koenig, R. A. and Johnson, C. R. (1942). Indian Engg. Chem. Anal.14:155.
  13. Lone, B. A., Hasan, B., Ansar, S. and Khanday, B. A. ( 2009).Effect of seed rate, row spacing and fertility levels on growth and nutrient uptake of soybean (Glycine max L.) under temperate conditions. European J. Agron.,4 (3): 7-10.
  14. Mandal, K.G., Hati, K.M. and Misra, A.K. (2009). Biomass yield and energy analysis of soybean production in relation to fertilizer-    NPK and organic manure. Biomass and Bioenerg.33:1670-1679.
  15. Mere, V., Singh, A. K., Singh, M., Jamir, Z. and Gupta, R. C. (2013). Effect of nutritional schedule on productivity and quality of soybean varieties and soil fertility. Legume Res.,36 (6): 528 -534.
  16. Rana, R. and Badiyala, D.(2014). Effect of integrated nutrient management on seed yield, quality and nutrient uptake of soybean (Glycine max) under mid hill conditions of Himachal Pradesh. Indian J. Agron.,59(4): 641-645.
  17. Salvagiotti, F., Cassman, K.G., Specht, J.E., Walters, D.T., Weiss, A.and Dobermann, A. 2008. Nitrogen uptake, fixation and responseof fertilizer N in soybeans : A review. Field CropsRes.108(1) : 1–13.
  18. Shivakumar, B. G. and Ahlawat, I. P. S. (2008). Integrated nutrient management in soybean (Glycine max) –wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system. Indian J. Agron., 53(4): 273-278.
  19. Sikka, R., Singh, D. and Deol, J. S.(2013). Productivity and nutrient uptake by soybean as influenced by integrated nutrient and some other agronomic management practices. Legume Res., 36 (6): 545 – 551.
  20. Singh, H. and Singh, G.(2013). Effect of potassium and split application of nitrogen on yield attributes and yield of soybean. Agric. Sci. Digest., 33 (4): 264-268
  21. Yan, C. J., Song, S. H., Wang, W. B., Miao, S. J., Cao, Y. Q., Wang, C. L. and Zhang, L. J.(2015). Impacts of fertilization on photosynthesis, growth and yield of two soybean cultivars (Glycine max) in Northeast China. Legume Res.,38 (1): 77-84. 

Global Footprints