Yield and quality of cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.)Walp] as influenced by organic sources of nitrogen
 

DOI: 10.18805/LR-3797    | Article Id: LR-3797 | Page : 899-902
Citation :- Yield and quality of cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.)Walp] as influenced by organic sources of nitrogen.Legume Research-An International Journal.2018.(41):899-902
Jinendra Birla, B.M. Patel, P.M. Patel, Y.A. Tamboli and Devendra Patil jinendrabirla600@gmail.com
Address : Chimanbhai Patel College of Agriculture, Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar, Banaskantha-385 506, Gujarat, India.
Submitted Date : 20-10-2016
Accepted Date : 23-03-2017

Abstract

A field experiment conducted during kharif season of the year 2015 at Agronomy Instructional Farm, C.P. College of Agriculture, Sardar krushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardar krushinagar Gujrat. Application of T9 (50% N through castor cake + 50% N through vermicompost + PSB) and T10: (RDF: 20+40+00 kg ha-1 NPK through fertilizer) recorded higher plant growth and development. Remarkable increase in yield attributes and seed yield (1033 kg/ha) were noted with an application of 50% N through castor cake + 50% N through vermicompost + PSB (T9). Significant improvement in protein content in seed and protein yield, N content in seed, Stover yield and N uptake by cowpea were noted with application of 50% N through FYM + 50% N through vermicompost + PSB (T8), whereas, higher N content in stover and P content in seed were recorded under treatment T9 (50% N through castor cake + 50% N through vermicompost + PSB). Treatment T10 (RDF: 20+40+00 kg ha-1 NPK through fertilizer) realized higher net realization (42371ha-1) and BCR (2.83) because organic fertilizer per unit cost higher than inorganic fertilizer 

Keywords

Nitrogen Organic sources Vermicompost Yield and quality.

References

  1. Choudhary, V.K., Kumar Suresh, P., and Bhagawati, R. (2013). Influence of organic nutrient sources on growth, seed yield and economics of cowpea under mid hills of Arunachal Pradesh. Journals of Food Legumes. 26(3&4): 51-54.
  2. Choudhury, B. (1967). Vegetable National Book Trust, India. 127.
  3. F.A.O. (2012).Statatics, FAO STAT-Agriculture production http:// www.fao.org.
  4. Jackson M.L. (1978). Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. pp. 183-192.
  5. Kale, R.D. and Bane, K. (1988). Earthworm cultivation and culturing techniques for production of vermicompost. Mysore Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 22:334-39.
  6. Madukwe, D.K., Christo, I.E.C. and Onuh, M.O. (2008). Effects of organic manure and cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.)WALP) varieties on the chemical properties of the soil and root nodulation. Science World Journal. 3(1): 43-46.
  7. Menon, M.V., Reddy, D.B., Prameela P. and Krishnankutty, J. (2010). Seed production in vegetable cowpea [Vigna unguiculata L. Walp] under integrated nutrient management. Legume Research. 33(4): 299-301. 
  8. Rhohit, K., Choudhary, S.K., Jitendra, G. and Singh, P. (2013). Effect of fertilizer and bio-fertilizers on growth, yield and economics of cowpea. Annals of Plant and Soil Research. 15(2): 177-178. 
  9. Sharma, S. Jat, N.L., Puniya, M.M., Shivran, A.C. and Choudhary, S. (2014). Fertility levels and bio-fertilizers on nutrient concentration, uptake and quality of groundnut. Annals of Agricultural Research, New Series. 35(1): 71-74.
  10. Tondon, H. L. S. (1994). Fertilizer Guide, 2nd Ed., Fertilizer Development and Consultation Organisation, New Delhi, pp: 63-70.
  11. Wagadre, N., Patel, M.V. and Patel, H.K. (2010). Response of summer greengram (Vigna radiate L.) to vermicompost and phosphorus with and without PSB inoculation. State level Seminar on Organic Farming, Navsari, Gujarat. pp. 111-114

Global Footprints